Drug Suffixes

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Author:
blakegoodman08
ID:
150947
Filename:
Drug Suffixes
Updated:
2012-04-29 16:12:01
Tags:
review comp step USMLE pharmacology pharm drug suffix high yield
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Description:
Common drug suffixes, with the major category and an example
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  1. -afil
    erectile dysfunction (sildenafil)
  2. -ane
    inhalational general anesthetic (halothane, isoflurane)
  3. -azepam
    benzodiazepines (diazepam, lorazepam)
  4. -azine
    phenothiazines (chlorpromazine, all are neuroleptics or antiemetics)
  5. -azole
    especially -conazole; antifungals (ketoconazole)
  6. -barbital
    barbituates (phenobarbital)
  7. -caine
    local anesthetic (cocaine, lidocaine)
  8. -cillin
    penicillins
  9. -cycline
    30S protein synthesis inhibitors (tetracycline, tigecycline)
  10. -etine
    SSRIs (fluoxetine, diloxetine)
  11. -ipramine
    tricyclic antidepressants (imipramine, chloripramine)
  12. -navir
    protease inhibitors (specifically for HIV and HBV, saquinavir)
  13. -olol
    beta blockers (atenolol, propanolol)
  14. -operidol
    butyrophenone (a neuroleptic, haloperidol)
  15. -oxin
    cardiac glycosides (digoxin, digitoxin)
  16. -phylline
    methylxanthine (theophylline, for COPD)
  17. -pril
    ACE inhibitors (captopril, enaloprilat)
  18. -terol
    beta-2 agonist (albuterol, salmeterol)
  19. -tidine
    H2 antagonist (cimetidine)
  20. -triptan
    5-HT agonists (sumatriptan, for migraines)
  21. -triptyline
    tricyclic antidepressants (amitriptyline)
  22. -tropin
    pituitary hormone (somatotropin)
  23. -zolam
    benzodiazepine (triazolam, alprazolam)
  24. -zosin
    alpha-1 antagonist (prazosin)
  25. -dronate
    bisphosphonate (alendronate, for osteoporosis)
  26. -sartan
    angiotensinII receptor antagonist (losartan, valsartan)
  27. -chol
    cholinergic/muscarinic receptor agonist (bethanechol, carbechol)
  28. -stigmine
    acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (neostigmine, physostigmine)
  29. -mustine
    nitrosureas (carmustine, cross BBB for brain tumors, put nitro in the mustang)
  30. -curium/curonium
    non-depolarizing paralytics (atracurium, rocuronium)
  31. -statin
    HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (lovastatin, lowers LDL)
  32. -glitazone
    insulin sensitizers (rosiglitazone)
  33. -bendazole
    anti-helminthic
  34. -dipine
    dihydropyridine Ca2+ blocker (nifedipine)
  35. -prost
    prostaglandin analog (latanoprost)
  36. -mab
    monoclonal antibody

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