Card Set Information
comparison adjectives ablative
comparison of adjectives, ablative of comparison
positive degree - vir beatus (a happy man)
comparative degree - vir beatior (a happier man)
superlative degree - vir beatissimus (the happiest man)
formation of comparatives & superlatives
the positie degree is learnedf rom the vocab
the comparative and superlative forms of reg adj add suffixes to the base of the positive:
carus, a, um......carior, ius........carissimus, a, um
longus, a, um....longior, ius.....longissimus, a, um
felix..................felicior, ius.....felicissimus, a, um
carior (dearer), longior (longer), fortior (braver)
carius (dearer), longius (longer), fortius (braver)
declension of comparatives, M/F
comparatives are two-ending adjectives of the 3rd decl.
but are not i-stems
declension of comparatives, N
two-ending adjectives of the 3rd decl, but not i-stems
comparitives may be translated with either more, or -er
superlatives with either most, or -est
the comparatie may have the force of rather, or too
lux clarior - a rather bright light
vita eius erat brevior - her life was too short
the superlative may be translated with very, esp when comparing to what is usual or ideal
vita eius erat brevissimus
his/her life was very short
quam w/ comparatives
when quam follows a comparative, it is a coordinating conj. meaning
linking to things being compared
eg. Hi libri sunt clariores quam illi.
These books are more famous than those.
quam w/ superlatives
when quam preceeds a superlative, it functions adverbially indicating that the person/thing has the greatest possible degree of this quality.
eg. Amicus meus erat vir quam iucundissimus.
My friend was the most pleasant man.
ablative of comparison
when the element being compared was nominative or accusative, quam was often omitted and the second element followed in the ablative.
Consilia tua sunt clariora luce.
Your plans are clearer than light.
(cf. Consilia tua sunt clariora quam lux, which means the same thing)
cena, cenae, f.
forum, fori, n,
lex, legis, f.
lux, lucis, f.
table; dining; dish, course
mensa, mensae, f.
nox, noctis, f.
somnus, somni, m
indef pronoun: a certain one/thing, someone something
adj - a certain, some
quidam, quaedam, quiddam (prnoun) quoddam (adj)
gen. (cuiusdam, dat. cuidam)
pudicus, pudica, pudicum
arrogant, overbearing, haughty, proud, bully
superbus, superba, superbum
sad, sorrowful; joyless, grim, severe
tristis, triste (3rd decl adj in 2)
ugly, shameful, base, disgraceful
turpis, turpe (3rd decl adj in two)
of the city, urban; urbane, elegant
urbanus, urbana, urbanum
in front of, before
prae, prep + abl.
than, as....as possible
to entertain, invite, summon
invito, invitare, invitavi, invitatum (1)