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- positive degree - vir beatus (a happy man)
- comparative degree - vir beatior (a happier man)
- superlative degree - vir beatissimus (the happiest man)
formation of comparatives & superlatives
- the positie degree is learnedf rom the vocab
- the comparative and superlative forms of reg adj add suffixes to the base of the positive:
- carus, a, um......carior, ius........carissimus, a, um
- longus, a, um....longior, ius.....longissimus, a, um
- felix..................felicior, ius.....felicissimus, a, um
- carior (dearer), longior (longer), fortior (braver)
- carius (dearer), longius (longer), fortius (braver)
declension of comparatives, M/F
- comparatives are two-ending adjectives of the 3rd decl.
- but are not i-stems
declension of comparatives, N
two-ending adjectives of the 3rd decl, but not i-stems
- comparitives may be translated with either more, or -er
- superlatives with either most, or -est
- the comparatie may have the force of rather, or too
- lux clarior - a rather bright light
- vita eius erat brevior - her life was too short
- the superlative may be translated with very, esp when comparing to what is usual or ideal
- vita eius erat brevissimus
- his/her life was very short
quam w/ comparatives
when quam follows a comparative, it is a coordinating conj. meaning than
linking to things being compared
- eg. Hi libri sunt clariores quam illi.
- These books are more famous than those.
quam w/ superlatives
when quam preceeds a superlative, it functions adverbially indicating that the person/thing has the greatest possible degree of this quality.
- eg. Amicus meus erat vir quam iucundissimus.
- My friend was the most pleasant man.
ablative of comparison
when the element being compared was nominative or accusative, quam was often omitted and the second element followed in the ablative.
- Consilia tua sunt clariora luce.
- Your plans are clearer than light.
(cf. Consilia tua sunt clariora quam lux, which means the same thing)
forum, fori, n,
lex, legis, f.
table; dining; dish, course
mensa, mensae, f.
indef pronoun: a certain one/thing, someone something
adj - a certain, some
- quidam, quaedam, quiddam (prnoun) quoddam (adj)
- gen. (cuiusdam, dat. cuidam)
pudicus, pudica, pudicum
arrogant, overbearing, haughty, proud, bully
superbus, superba, superbum
sad, sorrowful; joyless, grim, severe
tristis, triste (3rd decl adj in 2)
ugly, shameful, base, disgraceful
turpis, turpe (3rd decl adj in two)
of the city, urban; urbane, elegant
urbanus, urbana, urbanum
in front of, before
prae, prep + abl.
than, as....as possible
to entertain, invite, summon
invito, invitare, invitavi, invitatum (1)