Card Set Information
muhis essay notes
essay notes for final
What operas did we study?
Hippolyte et Ancie (Rameau)
What changes occured in operas during the Baroque era?
meaning of the aria, recitative, and arioso
topic of operas (from mythical to historical content)
courts only to public venues
What keyboard pieces did we study?
Toccata No. 3 (Frescobaldi)
Suite No. 3 in A minor (Jacquet de la Guerre)
Vingt cinquiéme ordre (Couperin)
Prelude & Fugue in A minor BMV 543 (JS Bach)
How did keyboard music change during the Baroque era?
developed later than choral music
mean-tone became equal temperament
danses- "art dances"
development of keyboard suites
Jacquet de la Guerre (1st woman publish keyboard piece)
harpsichord becomes organ
early baroque era becomes stile brisé
What instrumental ensemble pieces did we study?
Trio Sonata No. 3 (Corelli)
Violin Concerto in A minor, opus 3 (Vivaldi!)
How did instrumental ensemble music change during the Baroque era?
: da chiesa (in church) da camera (not in church)
began using tempo markings
: ritornello form
What is Monteverdi's history?
Born in Cremona. Worked in Mantua at age 23, moved to Venice at St. Mark's cathedral to replace Gabrielli.
His first opera wasOrfeo- librete strigio
What styles did Monteverdi write in?
madrigals (imitation, 2-5 voices, homophony, a capella, pastoral poetry) and operas (word painting, secunda practica, unprepared dissonance, chromatic mediants, monody)
What is Handel's history?
born in Germany
began studies in Germany
finished studies in Italy, with Vivaldi, Corelli, and Scarlatti
gigged in London with opera
rest of career in London
wrote operas for Royal Academy
What pieces did Handel handle?
Gulio Cesare (opera)
What was Handel's style?
He hired the best singers (sopranos and castrados)
only opera seria! Roman history, 3 acts, happy endings
imitation and homophony
exit arias (da capo aria)
What is Bach's Baroque back-history?
Mühlausen- organist - 1707-1708
Weimar - organist - 1708-1717
öthen - princes chamber music - 1717-1723
Leipzig church music (cantatas) - 1723-1750
Italian, German, and French music all struck a chord w/Bach
known as performer, not composer
: concertos, music, dialogues
What pieces did Bach write?
Num komm, der Heiden Heiland - cantata
Prelude and "R"ugue in A Minor BMV 543
What styles did Bach write in?
cantatas, preludes, and fugues