reproduction terms

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Author:
codyrayh
ID:
151011
Filename:
reproduction terms
Updated:
2012-04-29 20:31:17
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animap
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animal a&p
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  1. Accessory sex gland
    Group of organs that add volume and nutrients to sperm. Organs include ampullae, seminal vesicles, prostrate and bulbourethral glands
  2. Caruncle
    Structures on ruminant uterus where attachment to placenta occurs to facilitate transfer of nutrients
  3. Castration
    Surgical excision of one or both testicles or ovaries, performed most frequently to reduce the production of gametes and secretion of certain hormones
  4. Cervix
    Short thick tube of smooth muscle around a narrow channel that controls access to the uterus and serves as a passage way for sperm and the fetus
  5. Corpus luteum
    yellow glandular mass in the ovary, formed at site where mature is released
  6. Cotyledon
    Area of the placenta that forms an attachment with uterine lining to facilitate transfer of nutrients
  7. Cremaster muscle
    Thin muscle located in scrotum that contracts and relaxes to regulate temperature of testicles
  8. Cryptorchidism
    Developmental defect where one or both testicle(s) do not descend from body into scrotum
  9. Ejaculation
    Process of pushing semen out of ampulla, thru urethra , into female tract
  10. Embryo
    Organism in the early state of development generally from time of implantation until the development of the major body structures
  11. Epididymis
    Long, narrow, convoluted tube, that lies on the posterior aspect of each testicle, connecting it to the vas deferens.
  12. Estrogen
    Steroid hormones produced by the ovaries and responsible for promoting estrus and the development and maintenance of female secondary sex characteristics
  13. Fallopian tube
    Tubes that collect the ovum from ovary. Terminates at uterine horn
  14. Female reproductive tract
    Group of female organs that are involved partially or completely in fertilization and incubation of new life
  15. Fetus
    Unborn young of vertebrates that have a basic structural resemblance to the adult animal
  16. Graffian follicle
    mature ovarian vesicle that ruptures during ovulation to release the ovum
  17. Implantation
    Process where zygote/embryo forms attachment to uterus/uterine horn
  18. Interstitial cell
    Cell that occurs between the germ cells of the testicle where testosterone production occurs
  19. leydig cell
    Cell that occurs between the germ cells of the testicle where testosterone production occurs
  20. Male reporductive tract
    Group of organs that are involved production and delivery of semen
  21. Ovary
    Primary reproductive organ(s) of female. Contains female germ cells, produces female gametes, and produces estrogen
  22. Oviduct
    Tubes that collect the ovum from ovary. Terminates at uterine horn
  23. Ovulation
    Process of rupturing the graafian follicle and releasing of ovum
  24. Penis
    Male organ of copulation in higher vertebrates, also used for urine excretion in many mammals
  25. Placenta
    Organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply
  26. Progesterone
    Steroid hormones produced by the ovaries and responsible for promoting estrus and the development and maintenance of female secondary sex characteristics.
  27. Reproduction
    Biological processes that are involved with the creation of new life
  28. Scrotum
    External sac of skin that encloses the testes that function to keeps the testes at the optimal temperature for producing sperm
  29. Semen
    Fluid discharged at ejaculation of male that contains sperm and accessory sex gland fluids
  30. Seminiferous tubules
    Long convoluted tubules in the testis in which spermatozoa spermatogenesis occurs
  31. Testicle
    Primary reproductive organ(s) of male. Contains male germ cells, produces male gametes, and produces testosterone
  32. Testis
    Primary reproductive organ(s) of male. Contains male germ cells, produces male gametes, and produces testosterone
  33. Urethera
    Tube that connects the urinary bladder to the vagina or penis for removal of urine out of the body
  34. Urinary bladder
    Muscular elastic organ that collects urine excreted by the kidneys prior to disposal by urination
  35. Uterine horn
    Division of uterus that connect the uterus with an oviduct, giving connection to each ovary
  36. Uterus
    Muscular organ that aids in sperm transport and where gestation occurs
  37. Vagina
    Elastic muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the vulva and serves both the urinary and reproductive system
  38. Vas defern
    Duct that conveys spermatozoa from the epididymis to the urethra
  39. Vulva
    External genital organ of the female mammal
  40. Zygote
    Diploid cell resulting from the union of a male and a female gamete. Initial cell produced at conception

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