Card Set Information
1.LTT, microhematocrit tube, spin 5 min 6,000 RPM, Tube (top -plasma, buffy coat, RBC)
Dog- 5.0-7.0 g/dl (round to even 10ths)
Cat- 5-8 g/dl
Anticoagulant whole blood
White blood cells and plates
calibrate with distilled h2o,gravity of distilled water is 1.000.
Percentquantity of blood that is made up of RBC.
Dog—37-55% avg 45 round to whole percent
Cat—30-45% avg 35
bottom of red cells areplaced at 0% and plasma is placed at 100%
Red= Hemolytic= shaking, too much neg back
Yellow=icteric= biliary stasis, hemolysis,
carotenes (herbivores) extravascular hemolysis
White=lipemic= post prandial sample,
How to Read a PCV
top of RBC Colum, avoid the buffy coat.
Magnification to view Buffy Coat for microfilaria
Dogs and Cats (Neut- 55-85% lymphs 15-45%
Monos/Eos 0-5% Baso rare)
Horse- Neut /Lymphs 50/50%
Cow- Lymphs 55-85% Neut 15-45%
blood flow through the heart
Anterior Vena Cava
cat and dog normal temp
101.5 +/- 1
How does the ELISA Heartworm test work
ELISA heartworm detects antigens in DOGS, antibodies in CAT
WBC NMB, WBC count
Dog -6,000-17,000 u (round to whole cell)
Cat-5,500- 19,500 u
1. Dog- 63 days
Cat 59-67 days
Ehmer- Hind leg
Stirrups—holds up secondary layer of bandage
Dog dental formula
2(I 3/3, C1/1, P 4/4, M 2/3)= 42 Teeth
Cat Dental Formula
CAT- 2(I 3/3, C 1/1, P 3/2, M 1/1)= 30 Teeth
White->Black --Steam only
indicates exposure to heat; doesn’t indicate serialization 30 days
Green/Yellow->Red Gas Ethylene Oxide/ Anprolene 90 days
1. 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0, 1-0, 2-0, 3-0, 4-0, 5-
Surgical Gut, Polyglactin 910 (Vicryl), Polyglycolic Acid (Dexon) Polydioxanone (PDS)Polyglyconate (Maxon)
Silk, Nylon, Polyprolene (Prolene/ Surgilene) Polyester Fiber (Ethicon), Steel
sutre removal must be done within?
sx removal of the eyeball
Lymph Nodes sites
inguinal, prescapular, popliteal, submandibular
constriction the the pupils
sx incision into bladder
thin smear, 100x with oil, ID clostridium perfringes (safety pins) and campylobacter
pea sized amount, examine on 10x/ID on 40x,ID parasite ova, coccidian and possibly
giardia. Sit for 10 mins
Direct exam/fecal wet mount
, fleck, 40x, ID parasite ova, ID giardia cysts andcampylobacter, may see coccidian and ova. 5 min
immunodeficiency virus (adenovirus)
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulopathy
what must you do to a t-port before attaching it to and IVC
flush it with heparinized flush
how can you ID a heparin flush syringe
they are labled
how many drapes are in a sx pack? How many linens are used to wrap it?
6 quarter drapes
how many gauze sponges are in a sx pk? why may some have a blue strip?
10, make it radio opaque
generic and brand name of gas sterilaztion
what 6 tests are included ina PA profile
BUN, GLU, ALP. T-pro, ALT, Cre
what does FeLV stand for?
feline leukemia virus
what does soap stand for?
What anticoagulant is in a Purp top tube
Green top tube?
what tube would you use to run a CBC
tube used if a leb test requires serum
what color are heprinized crit tubes?
lab abbreviation meaning the same thing as HCT
formula for a Corrected WBC
reticulocytes on a blood film stained with wrights stain or diff-quik
order and time of a gram stain
decolorizer-until clear or 3-5sec
Gram postive bacteria color?
fram negative bacteria color
what causes psittacosis? common name?
Clamydophila, parrot fever
Vector that transmits the plague?
what does Coggins test diagonose
EIA-Equine infectious anemia
what causes infectious tracheobronchitis or kennel cough? what is it?
where is the gastrocnemius?
what do tendons connect?
muscle to bone
what do ligaments connect?
Bone to Bone
what is macconkeys agar used for
selecting the gowth of GNRODS and differentiates between lactose fermenters and non-lactose fermentors
6 way caninie vaccine contains?
distemper, adenovirus-2, leptospirosis, parainfulenza, parvo virus, corona virus
what age are puppies vaccinated
6-8wks, 10-12wks, and 16 wks
locations where shots are given
canine vaccine-right scapula
4way feline vaccine
feline viral rhinotracheitis, panleukopenia, calici virus, chlamydophilia
location of the FeLV vaccination
lift hind leg
chronic renal failure
intervertebral Disc disease
auto immune hemolytic anemia
Anterior cruciate ligament
total hip replacement
Packed cell volume
congestive heart failure
mast cell tumor
immune mediated hemolytic anemia
tibial plateu leveling osteotomy
Gastric dilitation volvulus
Premature Ventricular Contraction
increased carbon dioxide in blood
involuntary eye movement
inscision into the abdomen
removal of testicals
blue skin/mm from low O
lack of muscle coordination
suturing stomach to abdominal wall
pus in the uterus
inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
cucumber seed tapeworm
Brown dog tick
abnormal alighnment of teeh or jaws, incorrect bite
in the dog which tooth is the upper carnasial tooth? how many roots does it have?
4th premolar, 3 roots
what age are most permant teeth in?
what age do pups and kits eyes open?
what is VLM and what is it caused by?
Visceral larval migrans, toxocara canis, cati, vitulorum, toxascaris leonina, ascaris suum
What is CLM and what is it caused by?
Cutaneous larval migrans anyclystoma cainum, braziliense , uncinaria stenocephala, Bunostomum Sp.
what is the genus and species of the most common cause of ringworm in dogs and what kind of organism it is
Microsprum canis, Mold
light source used as an initial screen for dermatophytosis
common names of the 3 most distal joints in an equine front leg
common name of the distal phalynx in a horse
order of bandage material from inner to outer
what is causes otitis in dogs
intermediate host for taenia
which tick is the vector that transmits lyme dz
what is demodex and how do you dx it?
burrowing mite, deep skin scrape
genus name of the common ear mite
what family of virus are FeLV and FIV in?
FIP vairus family?
Feline panleukpenia family?
Feline lower urinary tract dz
high potassium in blood
low sodium in blood
connection of normally separate parts sxically
telescoping of organs
eyelid rolled inward
tropical canine pancytopenia
CSD(cat scratch dz)
diff quik stain
fixative 5, 1sec dips
eosinophilic stain 5, 1sec dips
basophilic stain 7-10, 1 sec dips
rinse w/ water
wrights stain 1-3min
buffer w/ 1 pipette of wrigths stain, 1 min
distilled water 7-10, 1 sec dips
term of abnormally shaped rbcs
small rbcs with no central pallor
another name for nRbcs
Rbcs with long irrecgular projections
what is unique about avian RBC
nucleated rbcs are mature and oval
which avian wbc is the same as a seg?
which lab animal requires supplmentary Vit. C
guinea pigs and non-human primates
what does MRSA stand for
Methiallin-resistant Staph aureus
scrub nurse duties
draping the pt
load scapel handle
begin draping mayo stand
tie in surgeons back
counting used sponges
in order the items used to drape a pt for sx
standard sx scissors
why must you wean a pt off of prednisolone
could cause adverese reaction, addisons dz so adreanal gland not producing hydrocortisone
illness caused by tx