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An amine is any organic compound that contains a basic nitrogen atom.
Amines can act as either bases or nucleophiles. 1˚ or 2˚ amines usually act as nucleophiles and 3˚ amines always act as bases.
Melting point and boiling point increases with molecular weight and decreases with branching.
Amines with long alkyl chains are very soluble in water due to hydrogen bonding.
- 1. Name the alkane to which the N is attached.
- 2. Add "amine" in place of the "e" on the end of "ane".
- 3. If the amine is secondary, the longest chain is included in the name as indicated above. The other chain is added at the beginning, proceeded by the letter "N-".
- 4. If the amine is tertiary or quaternary, add additional substituents to the front of the name in alphabetical order, all with the prefix N- included.