FIRST AID

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Author:
71stchemical
ID:
151211
Filename:
FIRST AID
Updated:
2012-05-03 19:50:20
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ARMY PROMOTION GUIDE
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ARMY STUDY GUIDE
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  1. What is Self Aid?
    Emergency treatment one applies to oneself
  2. Name some items that you might use as a splint from your military equipment
    BayonetRifleEntrenching toolTent poles and stakesWeb belt
  3. What is the quickest way to splint a broken leg?
    Tie the broken leg securely to the unbroken leg
  4. How many pressure points, which can be used to control bleeding with fingers, thumbs or hands are there onthe human body?
    11
  5. What is the object of first aid?
    1. To stop bleeding2. Overcome shock3. Relieve pain4. Prevent infection
  6. What FM covers first aid for soldiers?
    FM 4-25.11
  7. What is First Aid?
    It is the first care given to casualties before treatment by medical personnel can be made available
  8. What is the unique feature of type "O" blood?
    It is a universal donor
  9. When would you not remove a casualties clothing to expose a wound?
    If in a chemical environment or if the clothing is stuck to the wound
  10. What soldiers are most likely to suffer heat injuries?
    Soldiers not accustomed to the heat, overweight soldiers, prior heat casualties, and soldiers already dehydrated due toalcohol use, diarrhea, or lack of water (insufficient use of)
  11. How high should an injured limb be elevated above the heart to control bleeding?
    2 to 4 inches
  12. What are the lifesaving steps? (The ABC's of medical treatment)
    1. Open the airway and restore breathing2. Stop the bleeding / Protect the wound3. Prevent shock
  13. When applying splint, where should the bandages be tied?
    The bandages should be tied with knots against the splint
  14. How should the ends of an improved pressure dressing be tied?
    Tie the ends together in a nonslip knot, directly over the wound site. DO NOT tie so tightly that it has a tourniquet-likeeffect.
  15. What is manual pressure?
    If bleeding continues after applying the sterile field dressing, direct manual pressure may be used to help controlbleeding. Apply such pressure by placing a hand on the dressing and exerting firm pressure for 5 to 10 minutes. Thecasualty may be asked to do this himself if he is conscious and can follow instructions.
  16. Should a casualty be given water to drink?
    He should not eat or drink
  17. Why should you dress and bandage the wound as soon as possible?
    To protect the wound from further contamination of germs, and also to control the bleeding
  18. What should you do to indicate that a casualty has received a tourniquet?
    Mark his or her forehead with a T and if possible, note the time of the application of the tourniquet
  19. Should you ever remove or loosen a tourniquet?
    No, only qualified medical personnel can do that
  20. Where is a tourniquet applied?
    Place the tourniquet around the limb, between the wound and the body trunk (or between the wound and the heart).Never place it directly over a wound, a fracture, or joint. Tourniquets, for maximum effectiveness, should be placed onthe upper arm or above the knee on the thigh.
  21. How can you prevent athlete's foot?
    Keep your feet clean, use foot powder and change socks daily
  22. Name 3 categories of heat injuries
    1. Heat cramps2. Heat exhaustion3. Heat stroke
  23. What are the signs and symptoms of heat cramps?
    1. Cramping in the extremities (arms and legs)2. Abdominal Cramps (stomach)3. Excessive Sweating
  24. What is the treatment for heat cramps?
    1. Move the casualty to a cool, shady area or improvise shade if none is available.2. Loosen his clothing (if not in a chemical environment)

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