PSY 350 Final

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  1. Family Systems (and the different types)
    Marital skew - extreme domination by one emotionally disturbed partner is accepted by the other and portrayed as normal

    Marital schism - parents undermine their spouses, threats of divorce are common, and parents vie for children’s loyalty and affection

    Family emotional system (Bowen) emphasized reciprocal functioning

    Pseudomutuality - in which the family gives the appearance of taking part in a mutual, open, and understanding relationship without doing so
  2. Transactional Patterns
    (Families and Couples)
    Individual symptoms are maintained externally in current family system transactions
  3. Boundaries
    (Families and Couples)
    Boundaries - invisible lines that separate a system, a subsystem, or an individual from outside surroundings

    Excessively rigid boundaries characterize disengaged families

    Diffuse boundaries identify enmeshed families

    Flexible boundaries and patterns characterize open systems; rigid boundaries suggest closed systems
  4. Open/Closed Systems
    (Families and Couples)
    Flexible boundaries and patterns characterize open systems; rigid boundaries suggest closed systems
  5. Triangulation
    (Families and Couples)
    one family member will not communicate directly with another family member, but will communicate with a third family member
  6. Feedback Loops
    (Families and Couples)
    Families rely on the exchange of information to signal that disequilibrium has been created and that corrective steps are needed

    Negative feedback has an attenuating effect, restoring equilibrium

    Positive feedback leads to further change by accelerating the deviation
  7. Craving
    (Contemplative Theories)
    Craving is the basis for many pain-producing life games and lifestyles. The amount of suffering in our lives reflects the gap between what we crave and what we have.
  8. Aversion
    (Contemplative Theories)
    Compulsive need to avoid or escape undesirable ones, and it breeds destructive reactions such as anger, fear, and defensiveness.
  9. Delusion
    (Contemplative Theories)
    refers to unrecognized mental dullness, mindlessness, or unconsciousness misperceivesn mind and reality
  10. Equanimity
    (Contemplative Theories)
    • Mental calmness, composure, and evenness of temper, esp. in a difficult situation
    • A goal of therapy
  11. The 7 central practices
    (Contemplative Theories)
    • Recognizing mental dysfunction
    • Recognizing habitual patterns
    • Cognitive insights
    • Development of exceptional qualities
    • Emergence of transpersonal experiences
    • Stabilization of transpersonal development
    • Cultivating personal contemplative practice
  12. The 7 corresponding human qualities
    (Contemplative Theories)
    • Ethics
    • Emotional Transformation
    • Redirecting Motivation
    • Training Attention
    • Refining Awareness
    • Wisdom
    • Altruism and Service
  13. Describe alcohol addiction from a contemplative perspective. How would contemplative practices be utilized in treatment for substance abuse and why?
    Use wise attention to cultivate beneficial emotions

    Explore the experience to transform motivation

    Do one thing at a time to develop concentration and calm

    Mindfulness meditation and mindful eating to cultivate awareness

    Reflect on mortality to develop wisdom

    Generosity and service to transform pain into compassion
  14. Dual Relationships
    (Contemporary Challenges & Controversies)
    • Not problematic and possibly unavoidable unless:
    • incompatibiligy of expectations between roles
    • diverging obligations associated with differed roels, which increases the potential for loss of objectivity
    • increased power and prestige between professionals and consumers, which increases the potential for exploitation
  15. Cultural Competency
    (Contemporary Challenges & Controversies)
    • Understand the therapist's own culture and biases.
    • Understand the client's culture.
    • Don't mistake the culture with the client.
Card Set
PSY 350 Final
Counseling Theory
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