chapter 17

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chapter 17
2012-04-30 18:58:22
ap chpt 17

chapter 17 review
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  1. The correct sequence for the layers within the wall of the alimentary canal from inside to outside is the
    mucous membrane, submucosa, muscular layer, serous layer
  2. the teeth that are best adapted for biting off relatively large pieces of food are the
  3. the root canal of the tooth contains
    blood vessels and nerves
  4. The salivary enzyme amylase functions to digest
  5. The main part of the stomach is called
    the body
  6. A relatively new treatment in the management of gastric ulcers is a drug that inhibits the production of HCl in the stomach. If a person took this medication for a long period, the digestion of which of the following would be affected the most?
  7. The parietal cells of gastric glands secrete
    hydrochloric acid
  8. Gastrin, which is secreted by stomach cells, functions to
    increase the secretion of gastric gland
  9. Cholecystokinin from the interstinal wall is stimulated by the presence of
    protein and fat in the small intestine
  10. the mechansim of swallowing involves
    food being forced into the pharynx, involuntary reflexes moving food into the esophagus, peristaltic contractions moving food through the esophagus
  11. the hormone called seccretin functions to
    stimulate the release of pancreatic juice
  12. which of the following is a protein-splitting enzyme found in a pancreatic juice?
  13. the liver functions to
    form glucose from noncarbohydrates, store vitamin D, destroy damaged blood cells
  14. What constituent of bile has a digestive function?
    bile salts
  15. one of the major functions of the large intestine is to
    reabsorb water from chyme
  16. during the defacation reflex, the
    diaphragm is lowered
  17. a characteristic shared by all enzymes involved in protein digestion is that all are
    secreted in an inactive form
  18. which of the following is true in regard to bile?
    none of these
  19. Peristalsis occurs in the digestive tract
    from pharynx to the anus
  20. digestion of which of the following would be affeccted the most if the liver were severely damaged?
  21. because of their location, swollen palatine tonsils may interfere with
    both breathing and swallowing
  22. the loss of teeth is most commonly associated with diseases of
    gum and pulp
  23. jaundice, which is characterized by a yellowish tinge to the tissue, is due to an increased blood concentration of
    bile pigments