Sociology Final Exam

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arhenderson93
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151255
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Sociology Final Exam
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2012-04-30 20:12:42
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Chapter 12 14
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  1. In a legal sense, a process that allows for the transfer of the legal rights, responsibilities, and privileges of parenthood to a new legal parent or parents
    Adoption
  2. A kinship system in which both sides of a perons family are regardded as equally important
    Bilateral descent
  3. The practice of living together as a male-female couple without marrying
    Cohabitation
  4. Two unrelated adults who share a mutually caring relationship, reside together, and agree to be jointly responsible for their dependents, basic living expenses, nd other common necessities
    Domestic Partnership
  5. An authority pattern in which spouses are regarded as equals
    Egalitarian Family
  6. The restriction of mate selection to people within the same group
    Endogamy
  7. The requirement that people select a mate outside certain groups
    Exogamy
  8. A family in which relatives - such as grandparents, aunts, or uncles - live in the same home as parents and their children
    Extended Family
  9. Pride in the extended family, expressed through the maintenance of close ties and strong obligations to kinfolk outside the immediate famiy
    Familism
  10. A set of people realted by blood, marriage, or some other agreed on relationship, or adoption, who share the primary responsibility for reproduction and caring for members of society
    Family
  11. The conscious or unconscious tendency to select a mate with personal characterisitcs similar to one's own
    Incest taboo
  12. The state of being realted to otthers
    Kinship
  13. A sense of virility, personal worth, and pride in one's malesness
    Machismo
  14. A society in which women dominate in family decision making
    Matriarchy
  15. A kinship system in which only the mohter's realtives are significant
    Matrilineal descent
  16. A form of marriage in which one woman and one man are married only to each other
    Monogamy
  17. A married couple and their unmarried children living together
    Nuclear Family
  18. A socity in which men dominate in family decision making
    Patriarchy
  19. A kinship system in which only the father's relatives are significant
    Patrilineal descent
  20. A form of polygamy in which a woman may have more than one husband at the same time
    Polyandry
  21. A form of marriage in which an individual may have several husbands or wives simultaneously
    Polygamy
  22. A form of polygamy in which a man may have more than one wife at the same time
    Polygyny
  23. A form of marriage in which a person may have several spouses in his or her lifetime, but only one spouse at a time
    Serial Monogamy
  24. A family in which only one parent is present to care for the children
    Single-parent Family
  25. Alice, age seven, lives in a private home with her parents, her garndmother, and her aunt. Alice's family is an example of a(n)
    Extended Family
  26. In which form of marriage may a perosn have several spouses in his or hew lifetime but only one spouse at a time
    Serial Monogamy
  27. The marriage of a woman to more than one man at the same time is referred to as
    Polyandry
  28. Which system of descent is followed in the United States?
    Bilateral
  29. According to the functionalist perspective, which of the following is not one of the paramount functions performed by the family?
    Mediation
    Reproduction
    Regulation of Sexual Behavior
    Affection and Companionship
    Mediation
  30. Which mom requires mate selection outside certain groups, usually one's own family or certain kinfolk?
    Exogamy
  31. According to the discussion of social class differences in family life and intimate relationships, which of the of the following statements is true?
    Social class differences in family life are more striking than they once were.
    The upper class emphasizes lineage and maintenance of family position.
    Among the poor, women usually play an insignificant role in the economic support of the family.
    In examining family life amoung racial and ethnic minorities, most patterns result from cultural, but not one class, factors.
    The upper class emphasizes lineage and maintenacne of family position.
  32. One recent development in family life in the United States has been the extension of parenthood as adult children continue to live at home or return home after college. The reason for this is
    • The rising divorce rate
    • Skyroceting rent and real estate prices
    • Financial difficulties
  33. In the United States, the majority of all babies born to unmarried teenage mothers are born to whom?
    White Adolescents
  34. Which of the following factors is associated with the high divorce rate in the United States?
    • The liberalization of divorce laws
    • The fact that contemporary families have fewer children than earlier families did
    • The gernal increase in family incomes
  35. What is a Social Institution?
    Social institituions are social structures that have an organized set of patterns to meets society's basic needs. They are pre-determined. They are a culturally universal phenomena, also. The will always exist in some form in ,all cultures. Without social institituions, society would be impossible. Social institituions are inifitely diverse in form; a few examples would be a school or business. There are two questions that are always being asked: manifest function or latent function? When someone thinks of what the manifest function is, one should know that it means stepping back and simplifying. The manifest function is also one on the micro-scale. For example, the manifest of the family is to become closer to yourself; it is dynamic. Another example of a manifest function of a social instituion would be marriage. Gaining all the privilleges that married people have. Marriage is basically just a legal status that provides you more.A social institution is intended; it calls out what society has to do, and this helps us seperate the manifest functions from the latent functions. Whereas, the manifest function is inteneded, the latent function is unintended. An example of a latent function would be if someone was born into poverty that is where he or she would stay. It is something that they can not change; its an ascribed status. Another example would be domestic violence within a household. One more form of a latent function would be institutional discrimination. This is a systematic exclusion from the benefits of one of our most fundamental and primary social instituations. Like I said, the latent function is unintended.
  36. What is an organized set of patterns that meets societites basic needs?
    Social Institution
  37. What are the two questions always asked when referring to a social institution?
    • Manifest Function?
    • atent Function?
  38. People who consider themselves realted by blood, marriage, or adoption?
    Family
  39. Is the family a micro-institution?
    Yes
  40. What is the function of the institution of the family?
    It is one of the only small scale private institutions
  41. From a functionalist perspective with the family being one of the only small scale private institutions what does it create?
    It creates individuality, benefit of diversity, and allows us to spread out
  42. Reacts and adjust to reality. It is hard to dimish it because it always adapts and reacts
    Family
  43. Never destroyed, just takes on different form
    Family
  44. What are some functions of the family?
    • Reproduction
    • Socialization
    • Economic Stability
    • Sense of Security (Economically and Socially)
    • Sexual Control
    • Economic Production
    • Care of Sick and Aged
    • Recreation
  45. What is sexual control do for a family?
    It regulates sexual relations lasting structure built in society
  46. What do we all the family that we were born or raised into?
    Family of Orientation
  47. What do we call the family that we create? It is created by coupling.
    Family of Procreation
  48. What are three common institituional structures in the family?
    • Extended Family
    • Nuclear Family
    • Blended Family
  49. What is an extended family?
    A multi-generational family
  50. What is a nuclear family?
    Immediate family
  51. What is a blended family?
    Families with step-parents or step-families. Have kids in the family that are not their true family
  52. What are the two main things for family formation?
    • Romantic love
    • Economic Arrangement
  53. Romantic love is recent and rare, and very few use it for the:
    Formation of their family
  54. Economic Arrangement does what for the family?
    Maintain control
  55. Based mainly on money and other items needed
    Economic Arrangement
  56. What are the two things that go under economic arrangement?
    • Protect Property
    • Reproduction of Social Class
  57. What does the reproduction of social class mean?
    Mutual agreements
  58. Positive efforts to recruit minority group members or women for jobs,promotions, and educational opportunities
    Affirmative action
  59. Institituionalized power that is recognized by the people over whom it is exercised
    Authority
  60. An economic system in which the means of production are held largely in private hands and the main incentive for economic activity is the accumulation of profits
    Capitalism
  61. Power made legitimate by a leader's exceptional personal or emotional appeal to his or her followers
    Charismatic authority

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