What is a Social Institution?
Social institituions are social structures that have an organized set of patterns to meets society's basic needs. They are pre-determined. They are a culturally universal phenomena, also. The will always exist in some form in ,all cultures. Without social institituions, society would be impossible. Social institituions are inifitely diverse in form; a few examples would be a school or business. There are two questions that are always being asked: manifest function or latent function? When someone thinks of what the manifest function is, one should know that it means stepping back and simplifying. The manifest function is also one on the micro-scale. For example, the manifest of the family is to become closer to yourself; it is dynamic. Another example of a manifest function of a social instituion would be marriage. Gaining all the privilleges that married people have. Marriage is basically just a legal status that provides you more.A social institution is intended; it calls out what society has to do, and this helps us seperate the manifest functions from the latent functions. Whereas, the manifest function is inteneded, the latent function is unintended. An example of a latent function would be if someone was born into poverty that is where he or she would stay. It is something that they can not change; its an ascribed status. Another example would be domestic violence within a household. One more form of a latent function would be institutional discrimination. This is a systematic exclusion from the benefits of one of our most fundamental and primary social instituations. Like I said, the latent function is unintended.