Important Psych People

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Important Psych People
2012-05-01 00:15:01
psychology important names

Important Names to Study for the AP Exam
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  1. Mary Ainsworth
    • Developmental Psychology
    • Placed human infants into a "strange situation" in order to examine attachment to parents
  2. Solomon Asch
    • Social Psychology
    • Conformity experience - people incorrectly reported lengths of lines
    • Impression formation study - professor was warm or cold
  3. Albert Bandura
    • Learning and Personality
    • Social-learning theory (modeling)
    • Reciprocal determinism (triadic reciprocality)
    • Self-efficacy
  4. Alfred Binet
    • Developmental Psychology, and Testing and Individual Differences
    • Creator of the first intelligence test
  5. Noam Chomsky
    • Cognition
    • Theorized the critical-period hypothesis for language acquisition
  6. Erik Erikson
    • Developmental Psychology
    • Psychosocial stage theory of development (eight stages)
    • Neo-Freudian
  7. Sigmund Freud
    • Personality and States of Consciousness
    • Psychosexual stage theory of personality (oral, anal, phallic, and adult genital)
    • Stressed importance of unconscious and sexual drive
    • Psychoanalytic therapy
    • Theory of dreaming
  8. Carol Gilligan
    Challenged the university of Kohlber's moral development theory
  9. Harry Harlow
    • Developmental Psychology
    • Experimented with infant monkeys and attachment
  10. David Hubel and Torstem Weisel
    • Sensation and Perception
    • Descivered feature detectors, groups of neurons in the visual cortex that respond to different typesof visual images
  11. William James
    • Methods, Approaches, and History
    • Published The Principle of Psychology, psychology's first textbook
    • Functionalism
  12. Lawrence Kohlberg
    • Developmental Psychology
    • Stage theory of moral development (preconventional, conventional, and postconventional)
  13. Elizabeth Loftus
    • Cognition
    • Demontrated the problems with eyewitness testimony and constructive memory
  14. Alexandra Luria
    • Cognition
    • Tested eidetic memory
  15. Abraham Maslow
    • Motivation and Elmotion, and Treatment of Psychological Disorders
    • Humanistic psychologist
    • Hierarchy of needs, self-actualization
  16. Stanley Milgram
    • Social Psychology
    • Obedience studies - participants thing they are shocking the learner
  17. Ivan Pavlov
    • Learning
    • Classical conditioning studies with the dogs and salivation
  18. Jean Piaget
    • Developmental Psychology
    • Stage theory of cognitive development (sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations)
  19. Robert Rescorla
    • Learning
    • Pevised the pAvlovian contiguity model of classical conditioning
  20. Carl Rogers
    • Treatment of Psychological Disorders and Personality
    • Humanistic psychologist - person-centered therapy and unconditional postive regard
    • Self theory of personality
  21. Stanley Schacter
    • Motivation and Emotion
    • Two-factor theory for emotion
  22. B. F. Skinner
    • Learning
    • Operant conditioning
    • Invented Skinner box
  23. George Sperling
    • Cognition
    • Experiemented with the nature of sensory memory
  24. Edward Tolman
    • Learning
    • Experiemented with latent learning
    • Found theat sometimes learning occures but is not immediatel evidenced