Court Cases

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Author:
Cassandra540
ID:
151334
Filename:
Court Cases
Updated:
2012-05-01 14:35:37
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court cases
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Intro to law court cases
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  1. Video Software Dealers Association er al. v. Arnold Schwarzenegger
    Case where Cali government made a law agaisnt minors buying violent video games. The law fails because Cali could not demonstrate that there werent any less restrictive alternatives available and violence isn't considered obscenity. Plaintiffs win.
  2. Ginsberg v. New York
    Defines oscenity as sexually explicit material.
  3. Dred Scott case
    Supreme court ruled that slaves were property and thus due process clause prohibited congress from making slavery illegal.
  4. Washington er al, Petitioners v. Harold Glucksberg et al.
    Case about assisted suicide. Majority holds that assisted suiced dosen't violate the 14th amendment. There is a concurring opinnion.
  5. Jason C. Smith v. State of Idaho
    Jason was incarcerated for rape of 15 year old girl. Offenders need notice and opportunity to be heard (Due Process of law) before they are identified as a VSP.
  6. Katko v. Briney
    Issue presented is whether a owner may protect personal property in an unoccupied farmhouse against theives by a spring gun capable of inflicting death or serious injury. Punitive damages are not allowed as a matter of right.
  7. Suggs v. Norris
    Issue: does public policy forbid the recovery by a plaintiff partner to an unmarried but cohabiting or meretricious relationship. Suggs won the case.
  8. Gregg v. Georgia
    • Jury imposed the death sentence on Gregg (Defendant), after finding him guilty on charges of armed robbery and murder.

 Capital punishment does not violate the
    • Eighth or Fourteenth amendments of the United States Constitution provided it is set forth in a carefully drafted statute that ensures the sentencing authority has adequate information and guidance in reaching its decision.
  9. State v. Mobbley
    • The defendant’s husband was a felon. The Police
    • came to the home and asked the defendant if Andrew Needham or Ricky Mobbley were in the home. The wife said no but both were in the home. If the wife said that Needman was in the home then her husband would have been revealed also.
    • A person can’t be prosecuted for harboring or aiding a close family member.
    • The issue is whether or not the defendant should be prosecuted for Needham?
    • The Court ordered that the defendant should be prosecuted but the dissent said that she shouldn’t because revealing Needham would of also revealed her husband.
  10. Holland v. State of Florida
    • This was the first misprision case in Florida
    • Issue is to decide whether misprision of felony is a crime in Florida
    • The case goes over the history of misprision, which started in England. (People were punished if they didn’t confess crimes that other people committed to the law)
    • Holding: misprision of felony is not adopted into Florida substantive law because the crime of misprision of felony is unsuited to American law.
  11. John Geddes Lawrence v. Texas
    • Lawrence and Garner were having intimate homosexual activity in Lawrence’s home when police officers came in because of a police call about weapons. Both men were arrested and taken to jail.
    • Issue: is the validity of a Texas statue making it a crime for two persons of the same sex to engage in certain intimate sexual conduct.
    • Question was should Bowers v. Hardwick be overturned. It made all homosexual activity illegal.
  12. Griswold v. Connecticut
    Established that the right to make certain decisions regarding sexual conduct extends beyond the marital relationship.
  13. Eisenstadt v. Baird
    The court invalidated a law prohibiting the distribution of contraceptives to unmarried persons.
  14. Carey v. Population Servies Int’l
    The court confronted a New York law-forbidding sale or distribution of contraceptive devices to persons under 16 years of age.
  15. Jessica Reardon v. Windswept Farm
    Issue is whether a release signed by the plaintiff indemnifying the defendants from an action brought in negligence, precludes the plaintiff from the recovering damages. The form is called a contract of adhesion and isn't binding.
  16. Caperton v. Massey
    Judge Benjamin was asked to recuse himself in this case because Caperton had funded a huge majority of Benjamin's campaign to help him win.

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