Art Final

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  1. "The soft mist of a fountain", soft lighting in Raniassance paintings originally used by Leonardo da Vinci. It makes both edges and details unclear. The lack of definite edges forces viewers to use their imagination, making portraits like Mona Lisa seem more lifeable
  2. A technique in drawing and painting where a dramatic contrast between light and dark areas creats a convincing illusion of tthree-dimensional forms. The Italian Baroque painter Michelangel da Caravaggio is noted for using this technique
  3. The same as the viewer's eye level, it is where the sky and the earth appear to meet.
    Horizon line perspective
  4. In linear perspective, a point where parallel lines appear to converge on the horizon, like railroad tracks meeting at a point in the distance
    Vanishing point perspective
  5. White, black and gray. Added to color, they make tints and shades, changing the values but not the hue
    Neutral colors
  6. Red, yellow, and blue, the three colors that cannot be made from any others and that are the sources for all other colors
    Primary Colors
  7. Orange, green, and purple, created by mixing two primary colors
    Secondary colors
  8. A Modern Art moveement that went beyond an imitation of the world toward an intense re-creation of feeling. Making inner feelings (as dark and deep as they may be) visible was generally achieved with powerful (often clashing) colors and vivid contrast of light and dark
  9. ("The Style") Early 20th century Dutch artists who believed a pure universal styile in art and architecture could be the solution to humankind's misery. Followers of Piet Mondrain, they designed furniture and buildings using flat geometric areas filled with primartty colors
    De Stijl
  10. A Modern Art movement that began around 1870 in France. Based on the idea of conveying an immediate impression of a place and time of day. Impressionists painters worked outdoors, directly studying the moment's light and color. Their typical style achieved heghtened color effects by placing colors side by side rather than mixing them.
  11. An early 20th century Italian Modern Art movement led by the poet Filippo Marinetti. A celebration of the age of the machine, it called for a complete and utter rejection of the are of the past.
  12. In Mannerism, the most elegant pose for a body - when the limbs and torso resemsbled the letter "S." It refers to the twisting of a snake
  13. A meaningless term for an international art movement that began during WWI. Its manifestos called for the destruction of all values - the end of art, morality, and socity. This "anti-art" which took the form of bizarre performances and exhibition of found objects, or "ready-mades" was an effort to evolve a new way of thinking, feeling, and seeing
  14. Literally the "advance guard;" the vanguard of leaders of new directions in the arts
  15. Art that fools our eyes into believing what we see is real
    Trompe l'oeil
  16. A kind of Abstract Expressionism characterized by large areas of color that are more dominant than any particular shape
    Color-Field Painting
  17. An annual exhibition in Paris, begun in 1737, or art chosen by members of the French Academy. It was the only important public exhibition available to artistss in the mid 19th century
    Paris Salon
  18. When four thousand artits were refused by the offical Salon, they became ucha a scandal that athe French emperor, Napolean III, sponsored an alternative exhibit - known to history. This was the first time that the state had sponsored a show not approved by acedemic juries. Artistic freeedom of speech was now officially supported.
    Salon des Refuses
  19. Found object used in art
  20. He was know for his work Fountain , when his piece of artwork got throw out of the exhibit he became highly furiated and wrote a letter explainning the charges of plagiarims and immortality that he was being faced with. He then started making everyday items pieces of work. Ordinary life then becme what was popular to the artiest
    Marcel Duchamp
  21. He was a great admirer of Edgar Degas, but he did not want to associate with him. The reason for this is because he enjoyed the late French nightlife such asd houses or prostitution and the "cancans". The reason he lived the life he did because he suffered from dwarfism and being around prostitutes was the only place that he fit it without humilation. He tried to fit in with the impressionist artists and he was young and happy but they never did accept him into it. His famous work is At the Moulin Rouge
    Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
  22. Impressionist artist, he was the least typical out of the group. His paintings did not focus on happy middle class people, he was rich but he was not part of the bourgeoisie. He truly admired the Neoclassicist Ingres, while others rejected academic drawings. Focused on and recorded the everyday life of the parisian capital. He did his outdoor seens at the racetrack; he was fascinated with performances such as ballet, theater, rehearsals, and being back stage. Pictures look like candid snapshots; they were not stiff or seem to be formalized. Avid photographer. Had works such as The Orchestra of the Paris Opera and After the Bath. When in older years, he started using pastels and became extremely fond of them. He often used working class women for his subjects. He detested females but became close friends with Mary Cassatt.
    Edgar Degas
  23. If he ever came across a problem, he would not all the time come up with a straight up answer as why but he would do experiments to solve the problem, not turn to books. A famous drawing by him was Vitruvian Man . He corrects the ancient architect's theory of ideal proportions to fit the actual ones of human beings. He used inductive and deductive reasoning. He is the embodiment of the term "Renaissance man" because he worked in so many fileds. He invented many kinds of different things, but never thought of himself as a scientist but as a artist. He believed that knowing thing about the laws of nature could help the artist get a clear understanding in order to produce work. He was in love with the act of seeing.
    Leonardo da Vinci
  24. He drew attention to his conceptss with works that deliberately tested his own psychological and physical limits. His most famous work was Shoot . He believed that we live in a culture that is deadened by seeing violent acts portrayed every day on telebision and in films, he decided to explore and reveal the reality of violence. He stood against a wakk and got a friend to shoot him and then he got someone to pour gasoline on him then light a match. These performances were meant o set up an energy between him and his audience. He creates memorable events that challenge our basic assumptions about what an aritst is suppoosed to do and what art is
    Chris Burden
  25. He was a pure impressionist. Gave impressionism its name at the same time he was painting the pictures. He also represents the purest example of the Impressionist method, subject metter, and spirit. In view of restaurant, he palced colors side by side instead of mixing them. Painted Impression:Sunrise. His friends and he called themselves the Soiete Anonyme.
    Claude Monet
  26. He was the Postimpressionish who had the biggeset impact on the 20th century. He redid the way pictures were made. His subject matter was far from revolutionary. Use three types of ordinary types of paintings: still life, portraits, and landscape. He painted Still Life with Apples. He ued distortion in his paintings. He didnt obey what other artist followed ,the mathematical rules of the perspective. Honest. Believed that what the eye saw was truth and he realized that perspective was a lie. Perspective game paintings the illusion of reality because its a lie. Also painted Boy in a Red Waistcoat.
    Paul Cezanne
  27. He made a piece and it didnt have anything controversial in in, and it wasnt sexual at all. Because the scaling and the placement of it, it brought about controversy. It was called Titled Arc. He was a Minimalist sculptur. Chosen by a panel of experts to design a sculpture for a plaza in front of a federal building.
    Richard Serra
  28. From Dutch. Created a totally abstract art , nearly simultaneously with Kandinksy. Started off with tree pictures that turned into abstraction. He replacd curves with horizontal and vertical lines creating an abstract pattern. Composition and Harmony were important to him. Tried Cubism, didnt work. He wanted to make a painting that was culturally universal. His famous piece is Broadway Boogie Woogie.
    Piet Mondrian
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Art Final
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