VA 165 and 170
Card Set Information
VA 165 and 170
Pharmacology Surgical Nursing
week one sum it up
site where drug action takes place
if given SQ, a drug's action is ______ and if given IM, the action is more _____.
An _______ produces the action of a substance while an __________ produces the opposite effect of a substance.
the _____ is the main organ that metabolizes and eliminates drugs
the lasr choice for method of admin of an oral med is:
in drinking water
blood vessels and tissue can be severly damaged if a drug is:
organophosphate OD effects are due to what?
Acepromazine is classified as:
The effects of narcotic agonists can be reversed by giving what?
a narcotic antagonist
corticosteroids can cause what?
Anti-inflammatory agents do what?
reduce pain by reducing inflammation
________ has a very narrow margin of safety and can cause cardiac arrhythmias
a loading dose is ______ ____ the maintenance dose
Which pair of agents have similar effects on the activities of the autonomic nervous system?
anticholinergics and sympathomimetics
what are "the 5 rights"?
t/f: drug injections can cause death
T/F: necrosis is a side effect of both an IV and IM injection
T/F: the US patent office registers proprietary drugs and the FDA approves them
T/F: TID means twice/day
Pharmacokinetics refers to what?
absorption, metabolism and excretion of agents from the body system
Pharmacodynamics refers to what?
interactions of chemicals with biological receptors
"scrubbed" personnel that need to move past each other in the sx room should pass how?
back to back
How are instruments cleaned prior to wrapping and packing them?
soak in distilled water and instrument cleaner
scrub instruments (including joints and serrations) with a brush
rinse and place in ultrasonic cleaner
place in instrument milk (anti-rust, longer life)
dry and pack
name 3 types of sterilization:
How does an autoclave sterilize?
What temp/psi settings are used to sterilize instruments in an autoclave?
250 degrees F and 15 psi
to be sure steam penetrates the packs in an autoclave, we must wrap the packs ______ and place them in the autoclave _______.
How many wraps are used to prepare packs for sterilization?
What is a Backhause clamp used for?
attaching drapes to skin
What is a kelly instrument?
What is the medical term for placing an endotracheal tube into the trachea?
What size clipper blade is used to clip fur at a surgical site?
What are the 3 components of an endotracheal tube?
small inflation tube
What is the instrument used for seperating the edges of an abdominal incision?
put the following suture sizes in order from smallest to largest:
2; 3; 3-0; 2-0
3-0; 2-0; 2; 3
List 3 absorbable suture materials:
name 3 non-absorbable suture materials:
What is the name of the needle holder that is also a scissor?
what is a thoracotomy?
incision into the chest
Do surgical masks need to be sterile?
Where is the sterile zone?
neck to waist
table-top to ceiling
what is the difference between sterility and asepsis?
Sterilization: infectious agents are killed or inhibited on inanimate objects
Asepsis: infectious agents are killed or inhibited on living tissue
Can curettes be used in dentistry as well as orthopedic surgery?
do culturettes come in more than one size?