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PRWORA brought about alot of change. Those changes included the end to federal _____ (states had to provide benefits to ____); ____ were put in to effect; states recieved ____; there were now ____ requirements; it barred illegal immigrants from ____ and legal immigrants from ____; and it strengthened ____.
- anyone eligible under the law
- time limits
- block grants
- recieving any assistance
- all means tested assistance
- child supports
Has PRWORA worked? The government says _____. Research show that recipients leaving public assistance are taking jobs ____. ____ usage has increased. The number of ____ has decreased. TANF family ____ has also decreased. Health problems have ____ and health insurance has _____.
- Yes! It is a raging success
- that pay just over min. wage
- Food stamp
- former employed TANF recipients
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is designed to provide ____ to the ____. It is a ____; however, is administered by the _____. It is adjusted for ____ and ____ is not a criteria.
- cash assistance
- elderly and to disabled poor individuals
- public assistance program
- Social Security Administration
Some of those eligible for SSI include ____.
mentally retarded individual, 65 with little to no income, legally blind, disabled adults with impairment expected to last at least 12 months, visually impaired, drug and alcohol addicts entering treatment, and children under 18 with sever impairment
What are the two growing SSI populations
children and adults with disabilities related to drug addiction and alcoholism
General Assistance (GA) programs, also known as ____ in some states, are ____ assistance programs financed and administered entirely by ____, ____, or ____.
- General Relief programs
- cash and in-kind
- state, county, or locality in which they are located
GA programs are designed to meet the short term or ongoing needs of low income persons ____ for (or ____) federally funded assistance.
- awaiting apporval for
Welfare behaviorism: Public policy should ____. Social programs help the ____ but not the ____. Conservatives believed that as poverty programs expanded the social dysfunctions of the behaviorally pood would ____.
- change behaviors
- cash poor
- behaviorally poor
- spread and grow
Welfare to Work: The conservative view is that recipients should be moved from public assistance to ____ as quickly as possible and that ___ is the best ____ program. Whereas liberals view staying home and caring for your children is a productive form of work as well. Pro-welfare liberals have contended that although it is acceptable for middle class women to be homemakers poor mothers are considered ____ if they do the same.
- private employment
- paid work
- lazy and unmotivated
In 1950 the federal government authorized states to use federal/state funds under the ____ to provide medical care for the indigent. In 1957 the ____ provided for a federal/state matching program to provide health care to the ____. However it was not mandatory and states chose not to participate leading to a compromise and the development of ____ programs.
- Social Security Act of 1935
- Kerr-Mills Act
- elderly and the poor
- Medicaid and Medicare
Medicaid replaced all previous ____ and became the ___. It is a ____ public assistance program. It was designed as a ____ program to ___ for health care for ____ and ____ citizens.
- governmental health programs
- largest public assistance program in the nation
- low-income and disabled
As a part of the ____, Congress created the State Children's Health Insurace Program (SCHIP), a ____ that allocated $48 billion over 10 years to expand health care coverage to children under the age of 19 who are ____ and ____ for ____ or not covered by ____.
- Balanced Budget Act of 1997
- federal-state partnership
- ineligible for Medicaid
- private insurance
SCHIP gives states three options for covering uninsured children _____, _____, or ______.
- designing a new children's health insurance program (19 states)
- expanding current Medicaid programs (the remainder)
- a combination of both strategies (18 states)
What are some of the factors of the high cost of health care?
- High cost of medical malpractice
- development and use of medical technology
- administrative costs of insurers, hospitals, doctors, nursing homes and other institutions
How can health care cost be cut?
Managed care and HMOs