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Name the organization responsible for the publication of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) and the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM).
Federal Aviation Administration
Explain the relationship between the FAR Part 91, OPNAVINST 3710.7, and the AIM.
OPNAVINST 3710.7 states that “Naval aircraft shall be operated in accordance with applicable provisions of FAR Part 91 except where this manual prescribes more stringent requirements.”
FAR’s are binding to all aviators in the U.S., military and civilian. FAR Part 91entitled “General Operating and Flight Rules” is the section that most affects Naval Aviators.
List the regulatory priority of applicable Department of the Navy (DON), Department of Defense (DOD), and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) publications.
- 1)NATOPS – specific aircraft NATOPS Flight Manual.
- 2)OPNAVINST 3710.7
- 3)Flight Information Publications (FLIPs)
- 4)Federal Aviation Regulations Part 91
Define “shall”, “should”, “may”, and “will” IAW OPNAVINST 3710.7.
- Shall: procedure is mandatory
- Should: procedure is recommended
- May: (and need not) a procedure is optional
- Will: indicates futurity and never indicates any degree of requirement for application of a procedure.
Sate the responsibilities of Air Traffic Control (ATC), FSS, Control Tower, APCH, and Air Route Traffic Control Center (ARTCC).
ATC: Agency that enforces FAR part 91 and approves flight plans and grants clearances
FSS: briefings, en route comms, relay ATC clearances, originate NOTAMS, broadcast aviation weather, receive and process flight plans, provide flight following, monitor nav aids.
CT: Responsible for the safe, orderly and expeditious flow of traffic operating on and in the vicinity of an airport. Consists of Clearance Delivery, Ground and Tower.
APCH: Controls IFR traffic (Also Departure)
ARTCC: Controls IFR traffic en route between terminal areas.
State the responsibilities of the PIC IAW FAR and OPNAV3710.7.
PIC (FAR) operation and safety of an aircraft
PIC (OPNAV) safe orderly flight of the aircraft and well being of the crew.
Requirements for Pre-Flight planning
Before commencing a flight, the pic SHALL be familiar with all available infor appropriate to intended operation.
State the purpose of the flight plan.
Relays important information about the flight to the departure airport, destination airport and all intermediate agencies.
Establishes a baseline for lost communication and missing aircraft procedures if necessary.
PIC responsibilities for acquriing a flight weather brief.
Pilots are responsible for reviewing and being familiar with weather conditions for the area in which flight is contemplated.
State the provision which allows deviation from established rules.
FARs and OPNAVINST allow pilots to deviate from established rules during emergencies.
PIC must be ready to answer to proper authorities for such deviations.
State the OPNAVINST 3710.7 requirements for oxygen use.
All occupants aboard naval aircraft SHALL use supplemental oxygen on flights in which the cabin altitude exceeds 10,000'.
When oxygen is not available to other occupants: flight between 10000' and 13000' shall not exceed 3 hours.
>25000 requries a G-Suit in addition to supp oxygen.
All jet aircraft crew shall use supp oxygen takeoff to landing
Flight Planning primary purpose:
establish a baseline for lost aircraft
(secondary: lost comms)
What is a Dash-1?
Weather brief on bottom of DD175
Void Time of Weather Briefs are:
30 minutes after ETD not to exceed 2:30 from brief time.
NOTAM pubs are issued how often?
Desbribe Runway Orientation
Numbered in relation to Magnetic Direction of their center line rounded off to the nearest 10 degrees.
Describe the Aldis lamp signals for on the ground and in flight:
steady green, flashing green, steady red, flashing red, flashing white, alt red/green.
- sg: cleared for takeoff/landing
- fg: cleared for taxi/return for landing
- sr: stop/give way to other aircraft and continue circling
- fr: taxi clear of runway in use/airport unsafe do not land
- fw: return to starting point on airport
- ar/g: extreme caution
Airport Signs: MIDDLR
- Mandatory instruction signs: white on red
- information sign: black on yellow
- Direction: Black on Yellow
- Destination: Black on Yellow
- Location: Yellow letters yellow border
- RDR: white on black
Visual landing indicators
- windsock: points in the direction wind is going
- tetrahedron: points in the direction wind is from
Conditions expressed terms of visibility, distance from clouds, and ceiling equal to or better than specified minima.
VMC concerns flight weather conditions
Conditions expressed in terms of visibility, distance from clouds, and ceiling less than the minima specified for VMC.
Exists any time the horizon is not visible
Visual Flight Rules
Instrument Flight Rules
Rules governing procedures for conducting flight under visual / instrusment conditions.
VFR flight requires the pilot to maintain ______ throughout the flight.
What are the alternatives for IMC weather encoutered on an VMC flight?
- Alter route
- Remain in VMC and equest for IFR Clearance
- Remain in VMC and land at an alternate
- Climb or Descend in accordance with VFR.
General Requirements for IFR
All naval pilots shall (basically) use IFR. All other portions of flight shall be conducted under positive control.
ATC must grant a clearance for IFR flight.
VFR and IFR cruising altitudes
- 0 ____0___d______e
Cruising altitudes for IFR flight are ultimately assigned by who?
OPNAVINST Aerobatic Flight Definition
Intentional maneuver involving abrupt bank angles greater than 60°, pitch angles greater than +/- 45°, or accelerations greater than 2.0 g.
A “break” maneuver that conforms to the model NATOPS flight manual is not considered to be aerobatic flight.
State the rules concerning aerobatic flight IAW FAR.
No person may operate an aircraft in aerobatic flight:
- Over any congested area of a city, town, or settlement.
- Over an open air assembly of persons
- Within Class B, C, D, or E airspace designated for an airport or within the limits of Federal Airways
- Below an altitude of 1,500 AGL
- When visibility is less than 3 sm.
Aerobatics rules in accordance with OPNAVINST 3710.7
- If prohibited by a particular aircraft’s NATOPS Manual.
- Unless the aircraft remains in VFR conditions and at an altitude of at least 1,500 above the ground.
- individual commands may be more restrictive.