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Catheter size considerations:
- 14 gauge: life-threatening emergencies
- 16 gauge: major surgery, trauma, large amounts of fluid that needs to be infused rapidly
- 18 gauge: administration of blood and blood products, viscous infusions; routinely used pre operatively
- 20 gauge: most adult infustion needs (blood, blood products)
- 22 gauge: suitable for most infusion needs, pediatric pt & elderly
- 24 gauge: suitable for most infusions, but slower rates; neonatal, pediatric, elderly, small veined ppl.
Maximum number of attempts per nurse?
Common problems with insertion:
- Missed the vein
- Hematoma with insertion
- Catheter enters the vein but won't thread in