Anatomy Old Exam

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elo266
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15156
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Anatomy Old Exam
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2010-04-22 23:33:20
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Anatomy
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Anatomy Exam 3 Old Questions
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  1. The vocal folds are located in the:
    A) Trachea
    B) Nasopharynx
    C) larynx
    D) Carina
    C) Larynx
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Increasing the tension on the vocal folds causes an increase in:
    A) Pitch
    B) Volume
    C) Articulation
    D) Phonation
    A) Pitch
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The respiratory membrane consists primarily of:
    A) cuboidal epithelium
    B) ciliated epithelium
    C) Simple squamous epithelium
    D) Surfactant cells
    C) Simple squamous epithelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Boyle's law states that gas volume is:
    A) directly proportional to temperature
    B) directly proportional to pressure
    C) inversely proportional to temperature
    D) inversely proportional to pressure
    D) Inversely proportional to pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Dalton's law states that:
    A) the volume of a gas that will dissolve in a solvent is proportional to the solubility of the gas and pressure
    B) in a mixture of gases, the total pressure is the sum of the individual partial pressures
    C) gas volum and temperature are directly proportional
    D) none of these
    B) in a mixture of fases, the total pressure is the sum of the individual partial pressures
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Most of the oxygen transported by the blood is:
    A) bound to globin in hemoglobin
    B) all of these
    C) dissolved in the plasma
    D) hound to heme in hemoglobin
    D) bound to heme in hempglobin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Carbon dioxide is transported by the blood:
    A) bound to the globin in hemoglobin
    B) in the form of bicarbonate
    C) dissolved in the plasma
    D) all of these
    D) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The most important regulator of breathing rate is:
    A) temperature
    B) oxygen
    C) carbon dioxide
    D) pH
    C) carbon dioxide
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. If you inhale as deeply as possible and then exhale as much as possible, this volume of air is called:
    A) espiratory reserve volume
    B) tidal volume
    C) vital capacity
    D) inpiratory reserve volume
    C) vital capacity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Decreasing the pH of the blood will cause oxygen binding to hemoglobin to:
    A) decrease
    B) not change
    C) increase
    A) decrease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Decreasing the temperature of the blood will cause oxygen binding to hemoglobin to:
    A) decrease
    B) increase
    C) not change
    B) increase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Surfactant:
    A) decreases surface tension
    B) all of these
    C) decreases compliance
    D) is decreased in a reactive airway disease (asthma)
    A) decreases surface tension
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which is an accessory organ of digestion?
    A) appendix
    B) stomach
    C) pancreas
    D) spleen
    C) pancreas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The myenteric plexus is:
    A) a layer of goblet cells
    B) a layer of longitundinal smooth muscle
    C) a layer of circular smooth muscle
    D) a network of neurons
    D) a network of neurons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The activities of the digestive tract are regulated by
    A) hormones
    B) all of these
    C) the autonomic nervous system
    D) contents of the GI tract
    B) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Parietal calls secrete:
    A) gastrin
    B) all of these
    C) pepsinogen
    D) HCL
    D) HCL
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Bile is:
    A) a hormone
    B) an emulsifier
    C) an enzyme
    D) all of these
    B) an emulsifier
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. An intestinal hormone the stimulates the release of pancreatic bicarbonate is:
    A) cholecystokinin
    B) secretin
    C) enterocrinin
    D) gastrin
    B) secretin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Enterokinase:
    A) all of these
    B) acts in the jejunum
    C) activates pepsinogen
    D) is a brush border enzyme
    D) is a brush border enzyme
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Hepatic blood supply comes:
    A) mostly from the hepatic portal vein
    B) mostly from the hepatic arter
    C) mostly through the hepatic duct
    D) 1/2 from the hepatic artery, 1/2 from the hepatic portal vein
    B) mostly from the hepatic artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide (GIP) is secreted when:
    A) fats and carbs enter the SI
    B) when intestinal pH drops below 7
    C) all of these
    D) at the smell, sigh, taste of food
    A) when fats and carbs enter the SI
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The role of the large intestine includes:
    A) absorption of vitamins produced by bacteria
    B) reabsorption of water
    C) reabsorption of bile salts
    D) all of these
    D) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Brush border enzymes include:
    A) amylase
    B) lactase
    C) carboxypeptidase
    D) lipase
    B) lactase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which of the following is secreted in an inactive form?
    A) amylase
    B) lipase
    C) all of these
    D) pepsin
    D) pepsin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Plicae and intestinal villi:
    A) produce hormones
    B) carry the products of digestion that will not pass through the intestinal wall
    C) secrete digestive enzymes
    D) increase the surface area of the mucosa
    D) increase the surface area of the mucosa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Glycolysis:
    A) occurs in the outer membrane of the mitochondria
    B) divides glucose into 2 pyruvic acid 3 carbon molecules
    C) requires oxygen
    D) all of these
    B) divides glucose into 2 pyruvic acid 3 carbon molecules
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Oxidative phosphorylation:
    A) produces 90% of the ATP in the body
    B) occurs in the mitochondria
    C) require oxygen and coenzymes
    D) all of these
    D) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The final electron acceptor of oxidative phosphorylation is:
    A) cytochrome C
    B) hydrogen
    C) oxygen
    D) NAD
    C) oxygen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The following can be used as substrates in the TCA cycle:
    A) amino acids
    B) all of these
    C) fatty acids
    D) carbs
    B) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. NADH and FADH2:
    A) carry hydrogen ions to donate oxygen
    B) contain vitamins
    C) transfer electrons to the electron transport system
    D) all of these
    D) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Proteins are not a good choice for catabolism because:
    A) they are structural components of cells
    B) all of these
    C) it is difficult to break down proteins
    D) catabolism of amino acids produce ammonia
    B) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which of the following tissues is dependent on glucose for metabolism?
    A) nervous tissue
    B) all of these
    C) skeletal muscle
    D) cardiac tissue
    A) nervous tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. The postabsorptive state is:
    A) when the body relies on internal energy reserves for engery demands
    B) all of these
    C) lasts a few hours
    D) the period when nutrient absorption is under way
    A) when the body relies on internal energy reserves for energy demands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The vitamin that requires intrinsic factor for absorption is vitamin:
    A) B12
    B) K
    C) A
    D) all of these
    A) B12
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Infants rely on ____ to maintain body temperature.
    A) brown fat
    B) all of these
    C) ketones
    D) shivering thermogenesis
    A) brown fat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Fatty acids are broken down by the process of:
    A) all of these
    B) transamination
    C) lipogenesis
    D) beta-oxidation
    C) lipogenesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Complete proteins contain:
    A) all the nutrients in the food pyramid
    B) adequate amounts of essential amino acids
    C) all the amino acids in the appropriate proportions
    D) all the nitrogen compounds needed by the body
    B) adequate amounts of essential amino acids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Lipoproteins manufactured in the liver are called:
    A) low density lipoproteins (LDLs)
    B) chylomicrons
    C) high density lipoproteins (HDLs)
    D) micelles
    A) LDLs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Large blood vessels and lymphatics are found in the:
    A) submucosa
    B) mucosa
    C) muscularis
    D) serosa
    A) submucosa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Secretion of gastric acid depends on the presence of:
    A) carbonic anhydrase
    B) all of these
    C) secretin
    D) chyme
    A) carbonic anhydrase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Gastric activity is increased by the presence of:
    A) sympathetic nervous system
    B) all of these
    C) gastrin
    D) gastric inhibitory peptide
    C) gastrin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The carbon dioxide of respiration is created during:
    A) glycolysis
    B) all of these
    C) the TCA cycle
    D) the electron transport system
    C) the TCA cycle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Anatomic dead spave is:
    A) space outside of the alveoli
    B) the pleural space
    C) air left in the alveoli
    D) the volume of air remaining in conducting passages
    D) the colume of air remaining in conducting passages
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The force allowin air to enter the lungs during inspiration is:
    A) the diaphragm
    B) atmostpheric pressure
    C) elastic recoil
    D) compliance
    B) atmospheric pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. The force allowing air to leave the lungs during expiration is:
    A) abdominal muscles
    B) elastic recoil
    C) atmospheric pressure
    D) compliance
    B) elastic recoil
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. The large intestine produces:
    A) biotin
    B) all of these
    C) pantothenic acid
    D) vitamin K
    B) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Starches are broken down by:
    A) lactase
    B) nucleases
    C) amylases
    D) all of these
    C) amylases
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Lipid digestion takes place in the:
    A) stomach only
    B) mouth only
    C) intestine only
    D) mouth and intestine
    D) mouth and intestine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Anticipation of eating food causes an increase in secretion of gastric juice. This phase of gastric secretion is called the ____ phase.
    A) gastric
    B) cephalic
    C) intestinal
    D) pancreatic
    B) cephalic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Carbohydrates are absorbed into the blood stream as
    (A) oligosaccharides
    (B) monosaccharides
    (C) polysaccharides
    (D) disaccharides
    (B) monosaccharides
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Cholesterol
    (A) can be manufactured by most tissues
    (B) has no constructive function in the body.
    (C) is a hormone.
    (D) must be obtained from plants
    (A) can be manufactured by most tissues
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. 12. One difference between anaerobic and aerobic respiration is that
    (A) anaerobic respiration takes place inside cells while aerobic respiration takes place in the plasma.
    (B) aerobic respiration produces more ATP than anaerobic respiration.
    (C) anaerobic respiration utilizes the citric acid cycle but aerobic respiration does not
    (D) aerobic respiration does not require oxygen.
    (B) aerobic respiration produces more ATP than anaerobic respiration.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Which of the following statements about the citric acid cycle is false?
    (A) Carbon dioxide isproduced at several steps in the cycle.
    (B) The process occurs in the mitochondria.
    (C) The major end product of the cycle islactic acid
    (D) At several steps, NADH molecules are formed
    (C) The major end product of the cycle islactic acid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Beta oxidation results in the formation of
    (a) pyruvate
    (b) acetyl CoA.
    (c) carbon monoxide
    (d) oxaloacetate
  55. The events that occur in the postabsorptive state collectively
    (A) assure adequate lipogenesis.
    (B) interconvert proteins to fats.
    (C) maintain blood glucose levels.
    (D) decrease fat metabolism.
    (C) maintain blood glucose levels.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. Fatty acids are rebuilt into triglycerides and transported into the lacteal as
    (A) low densitylipoproteins.
    (B) micelles
    (C) chylomicrons
    (D) high density lipoproteins
    (C) chylomicrons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. Which of the following is secreted in an inactive form?
    (A) amylase
    (B) all of these.
    (C) pepsin
    (D) lipase
    (C) pepsin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. An increase in blood CO2 levels is followed by__ in H+ ions and __ in blood pH.
    (A) decrease, increase
    (B) increase, decrease
    (C) decrease, decrease
    (D) increase, increase
    (B) increase, decrease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. Stimulates gastric acid release
    (A) cholecytokinin
    (B) gastrin
    (C) secretin
    (B) gastrin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. Stimulates the release of bile
    (A) secretin
    (B) gastrin
    (C) cholecytokinin
    (C) cholecytokinin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. Stimulates the release of trypsin
    (A) cholecytokinin
    (B) secretin
    (C) gastrin
    (A) cholecytokinin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. Stimulates the release of bicarbonate
    (A) cholecytokinin
    (B) secretin
    (C) gastrin
    (B) secretin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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