For Austin, an utterance consists of what three types of acts? What is illocutionary force?
LOCUTIONARY (act of speaking: producing appropriate phonetic segments, words,sentences, etc.)
ILLOCUTIONARY (act done in speaking: “doing something with words”, e.g. asking,ordering, sentencing, promising, etc.)
PERLOCUTIONARY (act done by speaking: achieve a specific result in the hearer, e.g.persuade, frighten, encourage, shock, surprise, upset, please, bore, etc. Not necessarilyintentional; speaker may be totally unaware)
ILLOCUTIONARY FORCE: the speaker’s intention underlying an illocutionary act (e.g., assert, request)