Endocrinology

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ambirc
ID:
151680
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Endocrinology
Updated:
2012-05-02 18:22:56
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Endocrinology 102 Ivy tech Anatomy
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Endocrinology, A&P 102, Ivy tech, Anatomy
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  1. Which of the following is released from the posterior pituitary gland?
    A. thyroid stim hormone
    B. antidiuretic hormone
    C. follicle stimulating hormone
    D. prolactin
    E. growth hormone
    B. antidiuretic hormone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Pituitary hypersecretion in adulthood will result in this disease:

    A. diabetes mellitus
    B. acromegaly
    C. diabetes insipidus
    D. gigantism
    E. myxedema
    B. acromegaly
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Glucocorticoids are
    secreted by the adrenal medulla under the influence of ACTH

    True or False
    False
  4. The heart secretes a
    hormone.

    True or False
    True
  5. Steroid hormones bind to
    plasma membrane receptors and act through second messenger systems.

    True or False
    False
  6. Cells that have a receptor
    for a specific hormone are called target cells.

    True or False
    True
  7. Compared to the nervous system, which of the following is not characteristic of the endocrine system?

    A. reacts slowly to a stimulus
    B. communicates with electrical signals
    C. produces a longer lasting response to a stimulus
    D. adapts quickly to a continual stimulus
    B. communicates with electrical signals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The pituitary gland is also called the hypothalamus.

    True or False
    False
  9. The hypothalamo-hypophyseal tract is composed of axons of hypothalamic neurons that end in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.

    True or False
    False
  10. Driving in congested traffic may cause release of which of these pituitary hormones?
    A. ADH
    B. ACTH
    C. TSH
    D. GH
    B. ACTH
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following pituitary hormones stimulates the testes to secrete testosterone?
    A. GH
    B. TSH
    C. LH
    D. FSH
    C. LH
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which gland is associated with serotonin and melatonin production?
    A. thyroid
    B. adrenal
    C. thymus
    D. Pineal
    D. Pineal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which gland secretes calcitonin and a hormone that stimulates ATP production?
    A. pineal gland
    B. thymus
    C. thyroid gland
    D. adrenal gland
    C. thyroid gland
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Hyperparathyroidism causes which of the following?
    A. bone resorption and renal calculi
    B. decr blood calcium and muscle tetany
    C. exophthalmos
    D. endemic goiter
  15. Corticosteroids are produced in the adrenal medulla.

    True or False
    False
  16. Estradiol is produced by which of the following?
    A. islet cells of the pancreas
    B. sustentacular cells of the testes
    C. interstitialcells of Leydig in the testes
    D. granulosa cells of the ovary
    D. granulosa cells of the ovary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following organs have hormone-secreting cells?
    A. Kidney
    B. heart
    C. stomach and small intestine
    D. all of the above
    D. all of the above
  18. Hydrophilic hormones require a transport protein to travel in blood.

    True or False
    False
  19. Target cells can change the number of receptors for a hormone.
    True or False
    True
  20. The stress response includes all of the following except the
    A. resistance stage.
    B. delay stage.
    C. alarm reaction.
    D. exhaustion stage.
    B. delay stage.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Chemical messengers that
    don't travel in blood but simply diffuse into and affect nearby cells are called ________ secretions.
    A. exocrine
    B. holocrine
    C. Endocrine
    D. paracrine
    D. paracrine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. This hormone, synthesized in the hypothalamus but stored in the posterior lobe of the pituitary, is produced when osmodetectors sense a rise in blood osmolarity:

    A. prolactin
    B. antidiuretic hormone
    C. growth hormone
    D. thyroid-stimulatingm hormone
    E. thyroxine
    B. antidiuretic hormone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. A lack of antidiuretichormone will lead to:
    A. diabetes insipidus
    B. dwarfism
    C. Acromegaly
    D. endemic goiter
    E. diabetes mellitus
    A. diabetes insipidus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Too little iodine intake will lead to:
    A. endemic goiter
    B. Addison disease
    C. diabetes insipidus
    D. pituitary giantism
    E. seasonal affective disorder
    A. endemic goiter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of the following hormones will cause a fall in blood glucose concentrations?
    A. glucagon
    B. parathyroid hormone
    C. insulin
    D. melatonin
    E. epinephrine
    C. insulin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which is true of type I diabetes mellitus?
    A. usually appears first when a person is older
    B. make cardiovascular problems less likely
    C. never causes blindness
    D. due to an autoimmune response
    E. can often be controlled by diet and exercise alone
    D. due to an autoimmune response
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. This hormone raises blood calcium levels:
    A. angiotensin I
    B. calcitonin
    C. parathyroid hormone
    D. aldosterone
    E. Glucagon
    C. parathyroid hormone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Aspirin will specifically block the synthesis of this type of local hormone:
    A. Prostaglandin
    B. melatonin
    C. arachidonic acid
    D. serotonin
    E. hydrocortisone
    A. Prostaglandin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Choose the statement about steroid hormones that is incorrect.
    A. Steroids are lipids with complex ring structures.
    B. Steroids employ first and second messengers that amplify the cellular response.
    C. The estrogens and testosterone are examples of steroid hormones.
    D. Steroids pass through target cell membranes & interact with receptors in the nucleus.
    B. Steroids employ first and second messengers that amplify the cellular response.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Prostaglandins are substances that regulate neighboring cells.
    A. glycoprotein
    B. eccrine
    C. paracrine
    D. Endocrine
    C. paracrine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Cyclic AMP functions asa(n) for hormones.
    A. membrane receptor; steroid
    B. second messenger; nonsteroid
    C. binding site; nonsteroid
    D. activity site; G protein
    B. second messenger; nonsteroid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Where are the posterior pituitary hormones manufactured?
    A. in the posterior pituitary
    B. in the brain stem
    C. in neurosecretory cells that originate in the hypothalamus
    D. in the anterior pituitary
    C. in neurosecretory cells that originate in the hypothalamus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. There are several types of cells in the anterior pituitary. Which ones secrete growth hormone?
    A. corticotropes
    B. somatotropes
    C. Mammatropes
    D. gonadotropes
    B. somatotropes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Drinking alcoholic
    beverages on hot days is not safe because alcohol inhibits the release of which normally helps to conserve water during dehydration.
    A. oxytocin
    B. thyroxine
    C. triiodothyronine
    D. antidiuretic hormone
    D. antidiuretic hormone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The hormone , which is secreted by the adrenal , causes the kidney to conserve sodium and excrete potassium ions and indirectly helps to maintain systemic blood pressure.
    A. cortisol; cortex
    B. epinephrine;
    C. angiotensin I; medulla
    D. aldosterone; cortex
    medulla
    D. aldosterone; cortex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Sex hormones are secreted by .
    A. all endocrine tissues of the body
    B. the inner cortex of the adrenal gland
    C. the gonads
    D. the inner cortex of the adrenal gland and the gonads
    D. the inner cortex of the adrenal gland and the gonads
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. In the pancreas, cells secrete insulin, which blood levels of glucose.
    A. alpha; lowers
    B. beta; raises
    C. beta; lowers
    D. delta; raises
    C. beta; lowers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. The endocrine gland responsible for the body's circadian rhythm is the gland.
    A. parathyroid
    B. pineal
    C. Thymus
    D. pituitary
    B. pineal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which of these is not an endocrine property?
    A. effects caused by chemicals
    B. hormones reach targets through the blood
    C. effects are slow and cyclic
    D. rapid acting effects
    B. rapid acting effects
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Which of these does not belong with the others?
    A. amino acid
    B. Protein
    C. peptide
    D. steroid
    D. steroid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. In the "second messenger" theory, which is the first messenger?
    A. enzyme
    B. cAMP
    C. receptor
    D. hormone
    D. hormone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Which of these hormones is made by the posterior pituitary?
    A. LH
    B. ADH
    C. FSH
    D. ACTH
    B. ADH
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Which hormone directly affects blood pressure?
    A. PTH
    B. Insulin
    C. ACTH
    D. ADH
    D. ADH
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The hormone causes the contractions of labor.
    A. progesterone
    B. Prolactin
    C. estrogen
    D. oxytocin
    D. oxytocin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Which hormone has the greatest influence on the ability to secrete milk?
    A. progesterone
    B. Oxytocin
    C. estrogen
    D. prolactin
    D. prolactin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. List three metabolic processes that are regulated by hormones.
    • Fluid and ion concentration
    • Controlling chemical reactions
    • Substrate transport
  47. What is the mode of action by which a steroid hormone affects its target cell function?
    Binding with transcription protein to trigger a gene response
  48. Nonsteroid hormones require a in the cell membrane which initiates a reaction that is mediated through a .
    • 1. Receptor protein
    • 2. Cascade
    • 3. Second messenger
  49. Hormone secretion is controlled ******** largely by systems.
    Negative feedback systems
  50. What are the three main results of glucocorticoid secretion?
    • Increase fatty acid metabolism
    • Increase gluconeogenesis
    • Inhibits protein synthesis

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