Marriage and Family Final

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  1. What theory did Family Systems theory grow out of?
    General Systems theory which was proposed by Ludwig von Bertalanffy (biologist)
  2. What does family systems theory suggests?
    Everything that happens to any family member has an impact on everyone else in the family because its members are interconnected
  3. What are feelings of emotional closeness with another person?
  4. What is openness and resistance to change when appropriate called?
  5. What is the difference between the Intrapsychic and the Systems Approach in therapy?
    Intrapsychic focuses on the "troubled" individual whereas Systems Approach focuses on the "Family" system
  6. The Circumplex Model was developed by David Olson. What does it focus on, and what are the four levels of it?
    • Focus is on Emotional Closeness with another person
    • Four Levels
    • - Disengaged: extreme level of distance (extreme separateness)
    • - Connected: balance of separateness and togetherness (somewhat more individual)
    • - Cohesive: balance of separateness and togetherness (somewhat more togetherness)
    • - Enmeshed: extreme high level of cohesion (extreme togetherness)
  7. What are the four levels of flexibility that can occur in leadership roles and relationship rules?
    • Four Levels
    • - Rigid: low degree of change (extreme stability)
    • - Structured: moderate degree of change (balanced but somewhat more flexibility
    • - Flexible: higher degree of change of change (balanced but somewhat more flexibility
    • - Chaotic: Very high degree of change (extreme lack of stability)
    • Needs to be a balance between Stability and Change.
  8. What is commitment?
    • Personal Dedication
    • Desire for a future together
    • Couple identity
    • Greater priority for the relationship
    • Willing to Sacrifice
  9. What are the three different Types of Commitment?
    • Conditional Commitment
    • Constraint Commitment
    • Dedication Commitment
  10. What Type of Commitment is characterized by the following:
    - A hidden, conditional aspect that doesn't become apparent until difficulties come
    - Consumer Culture: Cost/Benefit analysis of relationship
    - Alternative Monitoring: thinking about what it would be like to be with someone else
    Conditional Commitment
  11. What Type of Committment is characterized by the following:
    - A sense of obligation (being stuck, committed to not getting a divorce)
    - Social Pressure (What would your family say)
    - Concern for Children
    - Concern for Spouse's welfare
    Constraint Commitment
  12. What Type of Commitment is characterized by the following:
    - Internal state of devotion to a person, and to the relationship (involves agape love; making choices to give up choices)
    - Involves acceptance of flaws and behavior (because of unsolvable problems)
    - Accepting mate as they are instead of trying to change them.
    Dedication Commitment
  13. What are some methods of building Oneness?
    • Spend Time together (Quality & Quantity)
    • Connecting Rituals
    • Have Fun! (Life doesn't have to be all work and no play)
    • Show Appreciation (have much more positive interactions than negative interactions: 5 to 1 principle)
    • Learn to Communicate (Women tend to pursue in conflict; Men tend to distance)
  14. What are John Gottman's Four Horseman of the Apocalypse?
    • Criticism: Attacking someone's personality or character rather than a specific behavior.
    • Defensiveness: defending oneself from a perceived attack; denying responsibility, making excuses, blaming.
    • Contempt: Intention to insult and psychologically abuse your partner. Suggesting you are superior. Insults, mockery, name calling, sarcasm, correcting bad grammar, eye rolling.
    • Stonewalling: Tuning out, acting like you couldn't care less
  15. What are the PREP danger signs?
    • Escalation: partners respond back and forth negatively to each other, upping the ante, increasing hostility
    • Invalidation: subtly or directly putting down the thoughts, feelings, or character of the other
    • Negative Interpretation: believing thtat the motives of the other are more negative than is the case. Fuels hopelessness; often involves "mindreading"
    • Withdrawal & Avoidance: showing an unwillingness to get into or stay with important discussions. More often men than women.
  16. During what time are conflict resolution styles primarily developed in a marriage?
    Within the first year of marriage
  17. What are the three "P's" of problem solving from the Christian PREP?
    • Problem Discussion
    • - Often couples don't fully understand the conflict itself or each other's perspective?
    • Prayer
    • Problem Solution
    • - Brainstorm
    • - Come to an agreement
    • - Follow up to make sure everyone is doing what they said they would do
  18. What chemical is involved in feelings of excitement, well being, and exhilaration? Also rewards us for healthy exciting behavior or for unhealthy and destructive exciting behavior.
  19. What chemical has a bonding and trusting effect and is primarily active in females? Released during intimate touching (hugging) and childbirth
  20. What chemical is responsible for bonding to mate and attaching to offspring? Also primarily active in males and released during sexual intercourse.
  21. A relationship that is sexually active but not focused on the relationship or any type of intimacy to the other person is probably based on _______?
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Marriage and Family Final
2012-05-02 19:19:26
Marriage Family Final Exam

Flash cards for my marriage and family final exam
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