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ashleyleah17
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2012-05-02 16:46:16
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  1. Obstacles to growth
    • Diminished Conception of Ourselves
    • Fixed Conception of ourselves- we can do this but can’t do
    • that
    • The need for Safety- Unwillingness to leave safe places

    • Maslow believed the our self-concept is enhanced, safety
    • becomes less attractive and necessary, and growth becomes more attractive and
    • even irresistible

    Aging is not an obstacle to Growth-

    • The fear of growth- great athletes worry about not repeating
    • high level performances, can cause stress and anxiety
  2. Personal Growth in college
    • Intellect, knowledge, and learning- seniors show superior
    • skills than freshmen in speaking and writing, thinking critically, reflective judgments and more knowledge in content areas

    • Educational values- as you progress you begin to value
    • learning for its own sake as opposed to getting a better job

    Autonomy and relations to oneself and others- we become more independent and increase our self-esteem

    Factors influencing personal growth in college- the greater a student’s involvements in all aspects of college life, the greater the opportunity for personal growth (out of class experiences)
  3. Personal Growth in Therapy
    Carl Rogers- levels of personal change in therapy

    • 1. They become less defensive and more aware of
    • their own feelings

    2. More openness and growth of trust in themselves

    • 3. Increasingly accept responsibility for what is
    • happening in their lives and the direction it will take
  4. First Self-Help groups was:
    Alcoholics anonymous, founded in 1935 by D. Bob and Bill W. was developed to be conducted by alcoholics to help themselves attain and retain sobriety


    General concepts include help is through support and understanding that only persons who share a problem can give each other. An emphasis on taking life one day at a time and doing the best one can that day
  5. Service to others
    • Helping others removes us from preoccupation with our own
    • concerns, can provide a sense of connection or belonging, may enhance or physical and emotional health
  6. Moral hypocrisy
    • Persons professing a particular standard but not holding to
    • it themselves
  7. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
    Abraham Maslow presented in 1970 that human needs or gals can be arranged in hierarchy according to their power or prepotency. He believed as we satisfy our needs at one level, we may move up and attend to our needs at the next level.
  8. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

    Levels are:
    These levels are:

    • -Physiological needs: important basic needs food and shelter
    • -Safety needs: our search for an orderly environment,
    • unpredictable events cannot happen, we may utilize jobs with tenure, opening savings accounts, taking out insurance policies

    -Belongingness/Love Needs: we need to know we are loved, have a system of support such as parents and friends, sweethearts, a family of our own

    • -Esteem needs: these involve our desire to respect ourselves
    • and to have the respect of others around us

    • -Self-actualization needs: higher-order pursuits such as
    • knowledge, truth, justice, and beauty. We may strive for fulfillment in education, athletics, parenthood, art or music
  9. Pet Health
    Pets lift human emotional spirits

    Calms patients while in institutional settings
  10. What will change in society as people live longer?
    • Living longer will change some things- lifelong education,
    • “until death do us part”, raising our children and helping aging parents, reconstituted families/more family members could be involved in your life
  11. Humans tend to be more optimistic than pessimistic
    • Researchers found that optimist, compared to pessimist, are
    • happier, healthier, and may even live longer
  12. Goals of mediation
    • To train the mind to be “one-pointed,” That is, to focus
    • purposefully on a single subject. We learn to live in the moment but also to choose the reality for that moment
  13. How we can become captives of the past
    • We must be careful that we are not living in the past or
    • drawn to the future that we do not live each moment of the present
  14. Harvest qualities and seeds can be considered our assets and strengths
    • Some of our assets are “harvest” qualities. They are
    • strengths, or skills that are developed, and readily available for use. Other assets can be considered “seed” qualities, and are waiting to be developed if given the proper attention

    • Imagining is used to develop the “seed” qualities. Seeing
    • ourselves use the quality we wish to harvest and then acting accordingly to obtain the physical or mental training necessary to actually use these qualities is the goal.
  15. Affirmation
    • -To affirm means to declare positively, firmly or assert
    • that something is true. In this context affirmation is a positive declaration about ourselves.

    • -some people may have a tendency to dwell on negative
    • thoughts. These thoughts are harmful to us in many ways. If we are thinking negatively, we will act negatively. on the contrary, however, if we are thinking positively, and using positive affirmation we will act positively and almost always improve our life’s outcome.
    • -Tips how to achieve success-using affirmation
    • 1.Affirmations are state positively

    • 2. Affirmation are stated in the present tense, as
    • if they are already achieved; not lying, however, creating a blueprint for what
    • we want to achieve

    3. Affirmations are short, simple, and worded in a way that is appropriate for the affirmer

    4. Affirmations are said with belief

    • -Affirmations can be repeated verbally, silently, or even
    • written down on paper several times. The point is not argued with the echo, but rather listen to what it says.
  16. Explicit Commitment
    -We pledge allegiance to the flag.

    -You buy a house or mortgage a house

    -Adopting a child
  17. Implicit Commitment
    -To be assumed, though not directly expressed

    -Move in together, “His” and “Her” things
  18. Over Commitment
    • -One that occurs when people pursue a commitment so
    • exclusively that their lives become brittle and their horizons narrow:
    • -Relationships
    • -Organizations
    • -Ideology
  19. Under Commitment
    • -Trouble forming commitment:
    • -fear
    • -job to job
    • -causal sex relationships
  20. Broken Commitments
    • -Not all commitments are kept:
    • -Marriage
    • -Contracts
    • -Priests/Nuns withdraw from religious life
  21. Successful risk taking includes
    1. Becoming aware of negative feelings

    2. Recognizing the need to change

    3. Experiencing ambivalence

    4. Reducing the risk through perception

    5. Letting it be

    6. Taking the plunge

    7. Evaluating the outcome
  22. Active coping includes
    • -Ascertain the problem-first step in dealing with a problem
    • systematically is to determine what the problem is

    -Formulate some alternative course of action- once we understand the problem, the next step is to consider various ways of dealing with it

    -Evaluate the alternative and select one

    -Take Action- put the plan to action; Timing is crucial

    -Maintain flexibility and utilize feedback- Learn from errors and successes
  23. Act like a child
    -Children are carefree, uninhibited and not stressed out

    -Play with children on their level-color, watch cartoons

    -Find your old toys, helps you get into your child state

    Watch/rent some old TV shows and movies
  24. Effective goal setting requires
    1. Know your dream well

    2. Be aware of conflicts within

    3. Believe you deserve good things

    4. Have a strategy and plan

    5. Work hard

    6. Visualize

    7. Keep a journal

    8. Believe
  25. Steps in goal setting
    • What exactly do I want? – It helps to be clear, specific and
    • concrete
    • Why do I want it? – Payoff

    • Do I believe I can get it?- If we believe we can succeed, we
    • will likely act in ways consistent with our expectations

    What do I need to do to reach my goals? – Degree, certification, license

    • What other needs or goals will conflict with this one? –
    • Pursuit of our career with the time we spend with our family

    • When will I begin? When will I arrive>- -
    • procrastination, waiting for the perfect time to start

    • Can I accept the goal? – If I achieve it people may expect
    • more of me, pu additional responsibilities on me

    Tips- make lists, prioritize the items
  26. Steps of active coping
    Refers to our efforts to manage or master stressful situations

    • 1. We cope as we try to overcome our frustrations
    • and reach our gals

    2. We cope as we move to resolve conflicts

    3. We cope as we wind our way through daily hassles
  27. Anxiety
    • Caused by threat of well being making us feel endangered or
    • challenged in some way

    1. too much can disorganize our efforts and paralyze us

    • 2. Moderate amounts can rouse and prompt us to do
    • what we need to do

    3. It’s the sign and price of growth
  28. When we are depress or in despair
    • use alcohol or drugs, low self-esteem, a tendency toward
    • isolation, and progressive withdrawal from relationships and favored activities
  29. Norman Cousin felt that
    • the human capacity is infinite, and no challenge is beyond
    • comprehension and useful response.
  30. Educational values have shown
    • As you progress, you begin to value learning for its own
    • sake as opposed to getting a better job
  31. Carl Rogers
    Levels of personal change in therapy

    • 1. They become less defensive and more aware of
    • their own feelings

    2. More openness and growth of trust in themselves

    • 3. Increasingly accept responsibility for what is
    • happening in their lives and the direction it will take
  32. Value
    Is simply the degree of worth attached to something
  33. Value Clash
    “Always tell the truth” vs. “Always be nice to others”
  34. Exercise your brain
    • The human brain may be your greatest asset. Exercise it
    • throughout your lifetime to remain mentally sharp

    • Try new experiences; stay connected to social support
    • systems, read a variety of subject areas
  35. Gender gap
    • Men and women tend to value different things- can lead to
    • disagreements

    Men value strength and success more than women do. Men fear appearing physically or emotionally weak or any appearance of failure or inadequacy

    Women value love and relationships more than men do. Women fear being unattractive or loveless or estranged from or unable to assist those they love.
  36. Creativity
    right brain thinking, hunch, imagination
  37. Self-Actualization
  38. Humans appear to be impelled to grow, becoming what we can
    be

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