Lymphatic System

Card Set Information

Author:
ambirc
ID:
151782
Filename:
Lymphatic System
Updated:
2012-05-02 20:02:15
Tags:
Lymphatic System
Folders:

Description:
Lymphatic System
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user ambirc on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. These structures filter lymph fluid that is carried in the lymphatic vessels:
    A. white and red pulp of the spleen
    B. Hassall corpuscles of the thymus
    C. lymph nodes
    D. Peyer's patches
    E. Tonsils
    C. lymph nodes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following cells does not have phagocytic capability?
    A. Eosinophils
    B. histiocytes
    C. basophils
    D. reticular cells
    E. neutrophils
    C. basophils
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Receiving gamma globulin as a treatment for rabies would be considered:
    A. an example of natural active immunity
    B. an example of artificial passive immunity
    C. an example of artificial active immunity
    D. an example of natural passive immunity
    E. a vaccination
    B. an example of artificial passive immunity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. In most cases, when an infection occurs, the accompanying fever is harmful and should be treated with aspirin or ibuprofen immediately.
    True or False
    False
  5. The HIV virus survives poorly outside the human body.
    True or False
    True
  6. Lymphatic vessels transport dietary lipids, tissue fluids, plasma proteins, and lymphocytes.
    True or False
    True
  7. Which of the following statements is incorrect?
    A. Lymphatic capillaries fill when tissue fluid pressure is low.
    B. Lymphatic capillaries are closed at one end.
    C. Lymphatic capillaries are composed of thin epithelial cells that loosely overlap each other, creating flaps that can open and close.
    D. Lymphatic capillaries are absent from cartilage, bone and brain tissue.
    A. Lymphatic capillaries fill when tissue fluid pressure is low.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Lymphatic vessels have valves.
    True or False
    True
  9. Which of the following structures is enclosed within a fibrous capsule?
    A. lymph node
    B. tonsil
    C. peyerspatch
    D. lymphaticnodule
    A. lymph node
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following is not a function of the spleen?
    A. production of blood cells in fetus
    B. blood reservoir and filter
    C. development site for T lymphocytes
    D. detection of foreign antigens in the blood
    C. development site for T lymphocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following inhibitors of microbial growth is a component of the perspiration on our skin?
    A. mucus
    B. defensing
    C. Keratin
    D. lactic acid
    D. lactic acid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which type of white blood cell secretes the anticoagulant heparin?
    A. eosinophil
    B. Monocyte
    C. neutrophil
    D. basophil
    D. basophil
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The four major signs of an inflammation include all of the following except
    A. heat.
    B. swelling.
    C. odor.
    D. pain.
    C. odor.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Histamine, bradykinin, and leukotrienes stimulate vasodilation and increased blood flow.
    True or False
    True
  15. Which of the following terms means to coat bacteria, making them easier to phagocytize by macrophages and neutrophils?
    A. MAC coating
    B. complement fixation
    C. Opsonization
    D. pyrexia
    C. Opsonization
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. If you have an immunological memory of a disease, a second exposure to the same pathogen will cause no noticeable illness.
    True or False
    True
  17. There are five classes of antibodies. Which one can cross the placenta to provide immunological protection for the newborn?
    A. IgE
    B. IgD
    C. IgG
    D. IgM
    C. IgG
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. A virgin lymphocyte pool is a clone of B cells that have not yet been exposed to the antigens that they are "programmed" to recognize.

    True or False
    False
  19. After B cells mature and produce immunocompetent clones, they colonize all of the organs of the lymphatic system: the lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, and mucous membranes.
    True or False
    True
  20. B cells that have taken in a large antigen must be stimulated by a helper T cell before they can react to that antigen.
    True or False
    True
  21. Antibodies do not destroy antigens directly.
    True or False
    True
  22. Helper T cells are also known as CD8 or T8 cells.
    True or False
    False
  23. Cytotoxic T cells directly attack and kill all of the following except
    A. cancerous cells.
    B. bacteria.
    C. cells of transplanted organs.
    D. host cells infected with parasites.
    B. bacteria.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. An injection of gamma globulin is an example of which of the following classes of immunity?
    A. artificial passive immunity
    B. natural passive immunity
    C. natural active immunity
    D. artificial active immunity
    A. artificial passive immunity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The human immunodeficiency virus can be transmitted from person to person by all of the following means except
    A. by donating blood at the Red Cross.
    B. "blood-" contaminated needles.
    C. through the placenta during childbirth or by breastfeeding.
    D. sexual intercours—vaginal, anal or oral.
    A. by donating blood at the Red Cross.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Outside the body, HIV is easily destroyed by disinfectants such as bleach, Lysol, and rubbing alcohol.

    True or False
    True
  27. Lymph flows primarily because of this force:
    A. arterial pulsations
    B. contractions of the vessels
    C. skeletal pump
    D. respiratory pump
    E. greater tissue pressure
    B. contractions of the vessels
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. All of the following are functions of the spleen except:
    A. blood reservoir
    B. wrecking yard for old red blood cells
    C. produces blood cells in the fetus
    D. produces bile
    E. removes bacteria from blood
    ??
  29. This type of leukocyte produces enzymes that will create hydrogen peroxide to kill bacteria:
    A. lymphocytes
    B. Neutrophils
    C. monocytes
    D. eosinophils
    E. basophils
    B. Neutrophils
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. This type of macrophagelines the sinusoids of the liver:
    A. microglia
    B. histiocytes
    C. Langerhans cells
    D. alveolar macrophages
    E. hepatic macrophages
    E. hepatic macrophages
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of the following increases vasodilation?
    A. Histamine
    B. clotting factors
    C. platelet derived growth factor
    D. leukocytosis promoting factor
    E. lymnphokines
    A. Histamine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. When a white blood cell manages to ooze through the gap between two endothelial cells on its way to
    attack an invader, we say it has exhibited:
    A. Margination
    B. chemotaxis
    C. diapedesis
    D. phagocytosis
    E. adhesion
    C. diapedesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Interferons have this function:
    A. bind with foreign antigens
    B. enhance phagocytosis of bacteria
    C. stimulate neighboring cells to produce antiviral proteins
    D. cause target cell rupture
    E. encourage basophil secretions
    C. stimulate neighboring cells to produce antiviral proteins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. If you were inoculated with hepatitis A vaccine, a population of this type of cell would begin to make the appropriate antibody:
    A. Neutrophils
    B. helper T lymphocytes
    C. B lymphocytes
    D. cytotoxic T lymphocytes
    E. natural killers
    C. B lymphocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. These cells recognize non-self antigens and produce lymphokines to stimulate the cells that actually make the antibodies:
    A. helper T
    B. natural killers
    C. cytotoxic T
    D. memory T
    E. suppressor T
    A. helper T
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. HIV attaches to the CD-4 membrane protein of these cells:
    A. natural killers
    B. helper T
    C. memory T
    D. suppressor T
    E. cytotoxic T
    B. helper T
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. The walls of lymphatic vessels are similar to those of cardiovascular .
    A. capillaries
    B. veins
    C. Arteries
    D. distributing arteries
    B. veins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Lymphatic capillaries are able to receive cellular debris and foreign particles because
    A. lymphatic & cardiovascular capillaries are designed to receive this material
    B. of amoeboid motion of the foreign particles
    C. the fluid pressure is so great it forces this material into the capillaries
    D. of the structure of their flaplike valves
    D. of the structure of their flaplike valves
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which of these is not a function of lymph nodes?
    A. filterlymph
    B. produce lymphocytes
    C. producered blood cells
    D. houselymphocytes and macrophages
    C. producered blood cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. What is the role of the thymus in protecting the body against disease?
    A. It houses decaying lymphocytes, recycling the nutrients within them.
    B. Macrophages and monocytes are produced here & migrate to other body tissues.
    C. It is the site of maturation of T lymphocytes and the production of thymosin.
    D. It is the site of production and maturation of B lymphocytes.
    C. It is the site of maturation of T lymphocytes and the production of thymosin.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Select the statement that is true about the spleen.
    A. The spleen harbors eosinophils waiting for parasites to attack the body.
    B. The spleen is the major site of red and white blood cell production in the adult.
    C. The spleen filters the lymph much the same way the lymph nodes filter the blood.
    D. The spleen filters the blood much the same way the lymph nodes filter the lymph.
    D. The spleen filters the blood much the same way the lymph nodes filter the lymph.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Which of these is not a nonspecific defense against disease.
    A. species resistance
    B. hair color and texture
    C. interferon
    D. phagocytosis
    B. hair color and texture
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Where are B lymphocytes believed to mature in adult humans?
    A. liver
    B. Bursa of Fabricus
    C. bone marrow
    D. compact bone
    C. bone marrow
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Why do tissues swell during inflammation?
    A. Tissues swell during inflammation because of the volume of bacteria present in the wound.
    B. Tissues swell during inflammation only because of pus accumulation.
    C. Tissues swell during inflammation because the increased permeability of capillaries causes fluids to accumulate in the area.
    D. Tissues swell during inflammation because of the number of blood cells attacking thebacteria.
    C. Tissues swell during inflammation because the increased permeability of capillaries causes fluids to accumulate in the area.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. What traits characterize antigens?
    A. Antigens may be proteins, polysaccharides,
    glycolipids, or glycoproteins that stimulate an immune response.
    B. Antigens come only from foreign microorganisms.
    C. Antigens are immunoglobulins the body produces in response to exposure to foreign organisms.
    D. Antigens are proteins that stimulate an immune response.
    A. Antigens may be proteins, polysaccharides,glycolipids, or glycoproteins that stimulate an immune response.
  46. How are B cells activated?
    A. B cells are activated when red blood cells release cytokines.
    B. B cells are activated when their matching antibodies
    C. B cells are activated when they encounter their twin T cell component.
    D. A B cell is activated when it encounters an antigen that matches its B cell receptors and receives cytokines from helper T cells.
    attach to their surfaces and macrophages release cytokines
    D. A B cell is activated when it encounters an antigen that matches its B cell receptors and receives cytokines from helper T cells.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Antibodies interact with antigens in all of these ways except
    A. Opsonization
    B. attracting macrophages to the area (chemotaxis)
    C. releasing interferon
    D. agglutination
    C. releasing interferon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Vaccines generally confer what type of immunity?
    A. naturally acquired passive immunity
    B. naturally acquired active immunity
    C. artificially acquired passive immunity
    D. artificially acquired active immunity
    D. artificially acquired active immunity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which of these would not be found in lymph fluid?
    A. neutrophils
    B. erythrocytes
    C. sodium ions
    D. Proteins
    B. erythrocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Which of these does not belong with the others?
    A. lymph node
    B. nodule
    C. Thymus
    D. sinus
    C. Thymus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Where would Peyer's patches be found?
    A. Colon
    B. throat
    C. small intestine
    D. liver
    C. small intestine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. Which lymph nodes could not be palpated with the fingers?
    A. inguinal
    B. cervical
    C. Axillary
    D. mesenteric
    D. mesenteric
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Which lymphatic area is larger in a child than an adult?
    A. Spleen
    B. axillary lymph node
    C. thoracic duct
    D. thymus
    D. thymus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview