History Chapter 17 vocab

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History Chapter 17 vocab
2012-05-03 21:41:25

The Tide of War Turns 1863-1865
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  1. Emancipation Proclamation
    an executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, freeing the slaves in all regions in rebellion against the Union
  2. 54th Massachusetts Regiment
    one of the first African-American regiments organized to fight for the Union in the Civil War
  3. Copperheads
    Abraham Lincoln's main political opponents; they favored peace with the South
  4. conscription
    a law that required men to serve in the military or be drafted
  5. bounty
    a reward or cash payment given by a government
  6. income tax
    a tax on earnings
  7. greenback
    paper currency issued by the federal governmnet during the Civil War
  8. Clara Barton
    a woman who organized a Civil War relief agency and later founded the American Red Cross
  9. Battle of Gettysburg
    an 1863 battle in the Civil War in which the Union defeated the Confederacy, ending hopes for a Confederate victory in the North.
  10. Pickett's Charge
    General George Pickett led a direct attack on Union troops during the 1863 Civil War battle at Gettysbug; the attack failed
  11. Ulysses S. Grant
    an Union general who won important victories in the West, openning up the Mississippi River for travel deep into the South
  12. Robert E. Lee
    a man who lost Richmond, the Confederate capital, to General Grant on April 3, 1865 after a 10-month siege
  13. Siege of Vicksburg
    an 1863 Union victory in the Civil War that enabled the Union to control the entire Mississippi River
  14. William Tecumseh Sherman
    a Union general who waged total war, destroying rail lines and crops on his way to capture Atlanta
  15. Appomattox Court House
    the Virginia town where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant in 1865, ending the Civil War