east asia 2030

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  1. Sino-Soviet Split
    Soviets pulled out from helping out China with nuclear programs in 1959. By 1960, tensions between Soviets and China escalate, and Soviets take India's side in Sino-India War in 1962. Chinese withouth aid from Soviets produce a nuclear weapon.
  2. Sino-US deep freeze
    Between 1951-71, there was no official diplomatic relations. US blocked Chinese membership in UN, gave no aid during famine, and prevented scholars from studying in China. US also prevented Japan from normalizing, despite Yoshida wanting to restore trade relations with China.
  3. "China Card"
    US view of the Soviet threat by Kissinger and Nixon in their realist perspective to "play the China card" against the Soviets.
  4. Ping pong diplomacy
    It refers to the construction of friendship between US and China, as Nixon annoounces lifting travel and trade curbs in 1969. It was followed by Beijing releasing American hostages The ping pong team goes to Beijing, and afterwards there was more coverage on the tentative step towards dealing with each other "as each step builds trust."
  5. Zhou Enlai
    He was first premier of PRC, and as the top aide to Mao, he was instrumental in forming Chinese foreign policy. In 1971, he and Kissinger initiated talks to develop desire to engage in relations. He was also in middle of the Cultural Revolution, when the regime needed a breakthrough in building CCP legitimacy. He played a key role in normalizing relations with Japan, and by 1964, Japan had become China's leading trading partner.
  6. Cultural Revolution
    1966-76. It was a campaign with a goal to enforce socialism in China by removing capitalist, traditional, and cultural elements from Chinese society, and to impose Maoist orthodoxy within the Party. The revolution marked the return of Mao Zedong to a position of absolute power after the failed Great Leap Forward. The movement politically paralyzed the country and significantly affected the country country economically and socially. There were mass persecutions of teachers, parents, etc. This was Chinese domestic political reason for Sino-US rapproachment.
  7. Deterrence
    It is a theory of influence. Actors use threats and promises to encourage the target state to behave however the actors think the target should behave. The objective of deterrent threats is to convince a would-be challegenger that the costs and risks of a challege outweight its benefits. Mercer thalks about the extent to which a state will risk war to keep its promises and uphold its threats, which relate to democracy as they're more transparent. Reputation is a dispositional attriubtion that is then used to predict or explain future behavior.
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east asia 2030
2012-05-03 03:01:54

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