genetically influenced declines in the functioning of organs and systems that are universal in all members of our species
A special type of DNA located at the ends of chromosomes, serving as a "cap" to protect the ends from destruction-shortens. Eventually, so little remains that the cells no longer duplicate at all
Naturally occurring, highly reactive chemicals that form in the presence of oxygen.
Cross-linkage theory of aging
Over time, protein fibers that make up the body's connective tissue form bonds, or links, with one another. When these normally separate fibers cross-link, tissue becomes less elastic, leading to many negative outcomes
Cognitive development beyond Piaget's formal operations
Refers to our reflections on how we arrived at facts, beliefs, and ideas.
Dividing information, values, and authority into right and wrong, good and bad, we and they.
Viewing all knowledge as embedded in a framework of thought. Aware of a diversity of opinions on many topics, they gave up the possibility of absolute truth in favor of multiple truths, each relative to its context
Commitment within relativistic thinking
Instead of choosing between opposing views, they try to formulate a more satisfying perspective that synthesizes contradictions
A structural advance in which logic becomes a tool for solving real-world problems
Awareness of positive and negative feelings and coordination of them into a complex, organized structure.