Intro to Medical Science
Card Set Information
Intro to Medical Science
Slide Questions Study Guide
Chapters 6,7 & 10
What is thrombus?
It is a blood clot
What is Embolus?
It is a traveling blood clot
What is an Aneurysm?
It is the weakening of blood vessel walls
What is HTN?
What is a Heart Block?
It is when the conduction system of the heart fails
What is Erythrocytes?
It is red blood cells and it carries O2 to the cells
What is Thrombocytes?
It is platelets and it aids in blood clotting
What is Leukocytes?
WBC (White Blood Cells) and it helps fight infections
What is Polycythemia?
It is excessive RBC (Red Blood Cells) that can be caused by a tumorous condition or inthe case of secondary polycythemia is due to living in high altitudes
What is Thromocytopenia?
It is deficiency in # of platelets
What is Leukocytosis?
It is in the increase in the number of leukocytes
What is the etiology of Leukocytosis?
It is a bacterial infection
Whatis the etiology of Pernicious?
It is the lack of intrinsic factor which aids in the absorption of B12 (which helps form RBC's
What is the etiology of Hemolytic?
It is the rupturing of RBC's
What is the etiology of Aplastic?
It is the failure of bone marrow
What is the etiology of Hypochiromic?
It is the # of RBC's are adequate but the amount of HGB per cell is reduced
Coronary Arteries are?
They are blood vessels which supply oxygenated blood to the heart
Coronary Artery Disease
A heart attack is known as a mycocardial infarction and.....
It is composed of cardiac muscle cells and is responsbile for the contraction of the heart chambers
Angina pectoris is?
It is the pain and pressure felt in the chest that results from ischemia
Nitroglycerin... How does it work?
It vasodilates the arteries
How does angioplasty work?
Used to open a partly occluded coronary artery by inserting a balloon tipped catheter into the femoral artery, guiding it to the heart and into the affected area
Congestive Heart Failure- Left sided heart chamber does?
It is when blood backs up from the left ventricle into the pulmonary veins and lungs (it backs up)
Congestive Heart Failure- Right side heart failure does?
It helps with blood flor from the right ventricle into the vena cava
A diuretic is?
A heart murmur is the result of blood leaking through an incompetent valve and.....
leaking around the valves
Rheumatic heart disease is.....
It is an autoimmune disease resulting from a reaction between streptococcal antigens and a person's own antibodies