Psych 32 Chap 10

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Psych 32 Chap 10
2012-05-04 13:31:02
Psych 32 Chap 10

Socioeconomically Development in Adolescence
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  1. Erickson's gap between childhood security and adult automony
    Psychosocial moratorium
  2. A period of identity development during which the individual is exploring alternatives. Exploration
  3. A personal linvestment in identity
  4. What are Erickson's' Four Stages of Identity
    • 1. Identity diffusion
    • 2. Identitiy foreclosure
    • 3. Identity moratorium
    • 4. Identity acheivement
  5. the status of individuals who have not yet experienced a crisis or made any commitments. Not only are they undecided about occupation and ideological choices, they are also likely to show little interest in such matters
    Identitiy diffusion
  6. the status of individuals who have made a commitment but have not experienced a crisis. Usually occurs when parents hand down commitments to their adolescents, usually in an authoriatatian way
    Identity foreclosure
  7. the status of individuals who are in the midst of a crisis but whose commitments are either absent or are only vaguely defined
    Identitiy moratorium
  8. the status of individuals who have udergone a crisis and have made a commitment
    Identitiy achievement
  9. What are the age stages of parent-conflict?
    • 1. Escaltaltes during early adolescense
    • 2. Remains somewhat stable during High School
    • 3. Conflict lessens during age 17 - 20. Especially if student leaves for college
  10. A model that suggest that as adolescents mature they detach themselves from parents to become autonomous individuals. Parent-adolescent conflict is intense and stressful throughout adolescence.
    Old Model Parent-Adolescent
  11. A model that suggest that as adolescents mature parents serve as important attachement figures and support systems while adolescents explore a wider, more complex social world
    New Model Parent-Adolescent
  12. A small group ranging from 2 to 12 individuals and average about 5 to 6 indiviuals
  13. An adolescent who breaks the law or engage in behavior that is considered illegal
    Juvenile Deliquent
  14. What are some causes of Juvenile deliquency?
    • 1. Low Socioeconomical status
    • 2. Unemployment
    • 3. Feeling of isolation from the middle class
    • 4. Low-monitor Parents
  15. What percentage of mahor depressive disorder is experienced in adolecents
    15% - 20%
  16. What is the ratio of depression compared to girls and boys at age 15
    At age 15 girls are 2 times as likely to have major depression than boys
  17. What are factors that contribute for adolescents developing depression
    • 1. Depressed Parents
    • 2. Emotionally unavailable Parents
    • 3. Parents with high marital conflict
    • 4. Parents with Financial problems
  18. WHat is the thrid leading cause of death for 10 to 19 year olds in the U.S.?
  19. What race is mostly at risk for Juvenile deliquency?
    Young Black Males in Low SES
  20. What are Harry Stack Sullivan's views on friendship?
    • Friends are important for shaping the development of a child:
    • 1. Playful companionship
    • 2. Intamacy
    • 3. Social acceptance
    • 4. Sexual Relations
    • 5. Tenderness
    • 6. Basic Social Needs
  21. List 2 ways friendships different from adolecences to childhood?
    • 1. Intamacy intensifies during early adolescence.
    • 2. Adolscents depend on their friends more than their parents
  22. What are the consequences for not making friends?
    • 1. Lonliness
    • 2. Reduced sense of Self worth
  23. When is peer pressure greatest?
    Around 8th and 9th grade conformity to peers peaks
  24. What factors contribute to peer pressure?
    • 1. Uncertainty about social identity
    • 2. Presence of someone they percieve to have higher status than they do
  25. A ceromony or ritual that marks an individual's transition from one status to another
    A Rite of Passage