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Organization of Fed. Cts.
DC --> Cir. Cts of App. [where axn. is] --> SCOTUS [hears few cases]
SCOTUS: Cases heard v. Petitions Sent
150 of 9000
SCOTUS' role in the court system
Answering questions in cases w/ a question greater than the party
SCOTUS axn if a CoA is completely wrong as a matter of law, but did not act unconst.
- Won't hear the case;
- SCOTUS only hears cases w/ questions greater than the parties
Examples of cases SCOTUS will hear
- Cir. Splits;
- Statutes that create such bureaucracy that undoing an implemented system would be nigh impossible (e.g., health care)
Method of determining where Fed. Cts sit
- Along geographical lines (e.g., 5th cir. follows state lines of TX, Miss. and LA)
- DCs are aligned geographically according to where they sit (N., Central, etc.)
Types of cases a ct may try (e.g., FQ; diversity)
Does a ct. have the authority to bind you w/ its ruling?
Where case should be hear
Substantive Rules of Decision
- Rule of Decision: Rule that tells judge whow to decide a case
- Substantive Rule of Decision: Actually goes to who wins a case (e.g., one who is contributorily neg. may not recover)