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Congenital reason for deafness:
- -born deaf
- •heredity (carrier of deaf recessive gene)
- •Rubella (German Measles)
- •premature birth
- •Rh factor
Adventitious reasons for deafness:
- -born hearing and became deaf later on
- •spinal meningitis (menses inflamed, high fever, stiff neck,
- •medicines (drugs ending in “-mycin”, Quinine, Thalidomine, etc.)
- •high fevers
progressive vision loss (peripheral vision) AND deaf. Without deafness is called Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP). As the person gets older, more difficulty seeing in night, like tunnel vision, progressive vision loss may go unnoticed
have 2 different colored eyes, wide set eyes, bridged nose (Greek nose), white streak in their hair/eyebrows are blond, can cause deafness
using multiple forms of communication at the same time to get the message across.
Manual ways of communication:
- sign language
- home-made signs
Oral ways of communication:
Other ways of communication (besides Oral and Manual):
- body language
How does a deaf child feel about being deaf?
- Depends on the environment!
- Good experiences: accept
- Bad experiences: hate it
What do many deaf kids wish from their parents?
that they learned sign language
- -comes in many forms, but the important thing is that the message gets across
- -most teachers now are hearing and there are very few deaf teachers
- -in the past deaf schools were only ASL, but it's changed to Total Communication; some people are confused with TC and struggle
ASL, SEE 1 and 2, Signed English (ASL in English Order)
bi-lingual and bi-cultural
What makes lipreading so hard?
many words look the same on the lips
What what percent is understood in lipreading?
Why do hearing people have an easier time with lipreading?
they have a larger vocabulary