History - The Civil War and Reconstruction
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Name some of the effects of segregation.
- Separate educational facilities and resources for white and African American students
- Separate public facilities
- Social isolation of races
What was Plessy vs. Ferguson?
"Separate but equal"
What was Brown vs. Board of Education?
Desegregation of schools
Describe Martin Luther King's philosophy?
What was Martin Luther King's speech called?
"I Have A Dream"
What is Rosa Parks known for?
The Montgomery Bus Boycott
What events started the Civil Rights Movement?
Sit-ins, protests, and boycotts
What does NAACP stand for?
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
What is the Civil Rights Act of 1964? (Civil Rights vs. Jim Crow Laws)
Act that banned segregation
What was the Voting Rights Act of 1965? (Voting Rights = No more tests)
Got rid of poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses
What does NOW stand for?
National Organization for Women
What was the Equal Rights Amendment?
An amendment that created a wider range of options for women and African Americans
Who were the Freedom Riders? What did they want?
People who wanted equal transportation rights
What was integration?
Races were not seperated (opposite of segregation)
Who / What president desegregated the Armed Forces?
What did Americans turn their energies to after the Cold War? (Industries benefitting from New Tech)
Airline industry, cars / interstate industry, entertainment / news, space exploration, and computers
List all the industries (6) that benefited from the new technologies.
Airline, automobile, entertainment, space, computer, and satellite
How did satellites help the development of wireless communication?
They made communication more instant and wireless
What are Telecommunications? (Give examples)
Pagers, cell phones, televisions
Why was there a decrease in regional variation of information? Did everyone in the U.S. get the same news?
Everyone watched the news and heard the same information
What's the 13th Amendment?
What's the 14th Amendment?
Gave full citizenship to those who were born in the United States
What's the 15th Amendment?
Gave African American men the right to vote
List the 6 Reconstruction Policies of the South.
- Southern military leaders could not hold office
- African American could not hold public office
- African Americans gained equal rights
- Northern soldiers supervised the south
- Freedman’s Bureau
- Southerners resented Northern “carpetbaggers”
What was the impact of President Lincoln after the Civil War?
His reconstruction plan called for reconciliation and he wanted to preserve the U.S. more than punishing the South
What happened when Reconstruction ended?
Federal troops were removed and rights that African Americans gained were lost with Black Codes
What did Lee do at the end of the Civil War?
He reunited Americans
What did Frederick Douglass do at the end of the Civil War?
He fought for the adoption of constitutional amendments that guaranteed voting rights
What would you like to do?
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