APUSH Part 2

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  1. The Glorious Revolution
    William and Mary kicked James II out of England (exiled into France), allowed more power to the legislatures
  2. James Oglethorpe
    established colony of Georgia as a place for honest debtors
  3. The Enlightenment
    Emphasis on human reason, logic, and science (acquired, not nascent, knowledge); increased followers of Christianity
  4. Benjamin Franklin
    Connected the colonies to Britain, opposed to unnecessary unfair taxation; strong influence on Albany Plan
  5. The Great Awakening
    Began by Edwards to return to Puritanism, increased overall religious involvement, gave women more active roles in religion, more and more ministers sprouted up throughout the country; mainly affected towns and cities
  6. Deists
    Believed that God created the universe to act through natural laws; Franklin, Jefferson, Paine
  7. George Whitefield
    Powerful speaker, toured the country and inspired many into Christianity
  8. Jonathan Edwards
    Puritan minister, led revivals, stressed immediate repentance
  9. New Lights vs. Old Lights
    New Lights brought new ideas, rejected by Old Lights; both sought out institutions independent of each other
  10. Albany Plan of Union
    Colonies proposed colonial confederation under lighter British rule (crown-appointed president, “Grand Council”); never took effect
  11. French and Indians War
    French threat at the borders was no longer present, therefore the colonies didn’t need English protection; more independent stand against Britain
  12. Proclamation of 1763
    Prohibited settlements west of Appalachian, restriction on colonial growth
  13. Salutary Neglect
    Parliament took minor actions in the colonies, allowing them to experiment with and become accustomed to self-government, international trade agreements
  14. Writs of Assisstance
    Search warrants on shipping to reduce smuggling; challenged by James Otis
  15. Townshend Act (1767)
    Similar to Navigatio; raised money to pay colonial officials by American taxes; led to Boston boycott of English luxuries
  16. Sugar Act
    Increased tariff on sugar (and other imports), attempted to harder enforce existing tariffs
  17. Stamp Act
    Taxes on all legal documents to support British troops, not approved by colonists through their representatives
  18. Stamp Act Congress
    Held in New York, agreed to not import British goods until Stamp Act was repealed
  19. Virginia Resolves
    “no taxation without representation,” introduced by Patrick Henry
  20. Currency Act
    Prohibited colonies from issuing paper money, destabilized colonial economy
  21. Virtual Representation
    All English subjects are represented in Parliament, including those not allowed to vote
  22. The Loyal Nine
    Group of Bostonians in opposition to the Stamp Act, sought to drive stamp distributors from the city
  23. Sons of Liberty
    Organized and controlled resistance against Parliamentary acts in less violent ways (strength of martyrdom), advocated nonimportation
  24. Declaratory Act
    Allowed Parliament to completely legislate over the colonies, limited colonists’ say
  25. Boston Massacre
    British soldiers shot into crowd of snowball fight; two of nine soldiers (defended by John Adams) found guilty of manslaughter
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APUSH Part 2
2012-05-04 02:20:57
US History

Key terms for US History
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