APUSH Part 4

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  1. Federalism
    Strong central government provided by power divided between state and national governments, checks and balances, amendable constitution
  2. Changes in the Constitution from the Articles
    Stronger union of states, equal and population-based representation, simple majority vote (with presidential veto), regulation of foreign and interstate commerce, execution by president, power to enact taxes, federal courts, easier amendment process
  3. Articles' achievements
    System for orderly settlement of West
  4. Elastic Clause ("necessary and proper")
    Gives Congress the power to pass laws it deems necessary to enforce the Constitution
  5. Federalists vs. Anti-federalists
    Anti-Federalists wanted states’ rights, bill of rights, unanimous consent, reference to religion, more power to less-rich and common people; Federalists wanted strong central government, more power to experienced, separation of church and state, stated that national government would protect individual rights
  6. The Federalist Papers
    Written anonymously by Hamilton, Jay, and Madison; commentary on Constitution, republicanism extended over large territory
  7. Judiciary Act of 1789
    Established federal district courts that followed local procedures, Supreme Court had final jurisdiction; compromise between nationalists and advocates for states’ rights
  8. Bill of Rights
    Protected rights of individual from the power of the central government
  9. Bank of the US
    Hamilton’s plan to solve Revolutionary debt, Assumption highly controversial, pushed his plan through Congress, based on loose interpretation of Constitution
  10. Report on Public Credit
    Proposed by Hamilton to repair war debts; selling of securities and federal lands, assumption of state debts, set up the first National Bank
  11. Report on Manufactures (tariffs)
    Hamilton praised efficient factories with few managers over many workers, promote emigration, employment opportunities, applications of technology
  12. Strict vs. Loose interpretation of the Constitution
    Loose interpretation allowed for implied powers of Congress (such as the National Bank), strict interpretation implied few powers to Congress
  13. Whiskey Rebellion
    Western Pennsylvanian farmers’ violent protest against whiskey excise tax, Washington sent large army to put down revolt, protests to be limited to non-violent
  14. Citizen Genet
    Edmond Genet contributed to polarization of the new nation by creating his American Foreign Legion in the south, which was directed to attack Spanish garrisons in New Orleans and St. Augustine
  15. Impressment
    British Navy would take American sailors and force them to work for Britain
  16. Jay's Treaty
    Provided for evacuation of English troops from posts in the Great Lakes
  17. Nullification
    States could refuse to enforce the federal laws they deemed unconstitutional
  18. Federalists and Republicans
    The two political parties that formed following Washington’s presidency; Federalists for stronger central government, Republicans for stronger state governments
  19. Washington's Farewell Addres
    Warned against permanent foreign alliances and political parties, called for unity of the country, established precedent of two-term presidency
  20. Neutrality Proclamation of 1793
    Response to French attempts for alliance with US
  21. XYZ Affair
    French foreign minister (Talleyrand) demanded bribe in order to meet with American peace commission, made Adams unpopular among the people
  22. Alien and Sedition Acts
    Meant to keep government unquestioned by critics, particularly of the Federalists
  23. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
    Argued that states had the right to determine whether or not the laws passed by Congress were constitutional
  24. 12th Amendment
    Required separate and distinct ballots for presidential and vice presidential candidates Citizen Genet – Edmond Genet contributed to polarization of the new nation by creating his American Foreign Legion in the south, which was directed to attack Spanish garrisons in New Orleans and St. Augustine
  25. Second Great Awakening
    Emphasis on personal salvation, emotional response, and individual faith; women and blacks; nationalism (Manifest Destiny)
Card Set
APUSH Part 4
Key terms for US History
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