Psychology Final

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Anonymous
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152059
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Psychology Final
Updated:
2012-05-03 23:42:18
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Psychology final
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For the final in General Psychology
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  1. What percent of patients respond favorably to Antipsychotic drugs?
    70%
  2. What do antipsychotic drugs do?
    Reduce positive symptoms (not negative)
  3. What are the side effects of antipsychotic drugs?
    • Compliance problems
    • Tardive dyskinesia
  4. Too much dopamine makes the brain appear to have
    Schizophrenia
  5. Not enough dopamine makes the brain appear to have:
    Alzheimers
  6. How many types of Anti-depressants are there?
    • 4:
    • MAO Inhibitors
    • Tricyclics
    • SSRI's
    • SNRI's
  7. What neurotransmitter(s) are associated with depression?
    Norepinephrine and seratonin
  8. What do MAO Inhibitors do?
    They block the enzyme (also, there are dangerous sde effects that have to do with foods)
  9. What do trycyclics do?
    • Elevate norepinephrine and seratonin
    • Prevents reuptake
  10. What percent of people respond well to eith MAO Inhibotors or Tricyclics?
    2/3
  11. What does SSRI stand for?
    Selective serotonin uptake inhibitor
  12. What do SSRI's do?
    Slows reuptake of serotonin
  13. Give an example of a SSRI
    Prozac
  14. Pros and cons of using a SSRI
    • Faster
    • Fewer Side effects

    • Expensive
    • Suicide? (Not really)
  15. What does SNRI stand for?
    Selective Nonepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor
  16. How would you treat bipolar disorder?
    With Lithium carbonate
  17. What are the problems/ fixes with using lithium carbonate?
    • The mechanism as to how it works is unclear
    • Getting the doage right is tricky

    Valproate is safer
  18. What are examples of tranquilizers?
    Valium or Xanax
  19. What do tranquilizers do?
    They increase GABA activity
  20. What is GABA?
    An inhibitory neurotransmitter
  21. What are problems with using tranquilizers?
    • They are only for short term use
    • Addictive
    • Sedative side effects
  22. What class of drugs do you use to treat schizophrenia?
    Antipsychotics
  23. What type of drug do you use to treat depression?
    Antidepressants
  24. What class of drug do you use to treat mild anxiety?
    Tranquilizers
  25. What class of drug do you use to treat bipolar disorder?
    lithium carbonate
  26. Antipsychotics are used to treat:
    schizophrenia
  27. Antidepressants are used to treat:
    Depression, anxiety disroders, OCD
  28. Tranquilizers are used to treat:
    mild anxiety
  29. Lithium carbonate is used to treat:
    Bipolar disorder
  30. What are some problems with taking medications?
    • The Placebo effect
    • Not taking meds due to side effects
    • Regression to the Mean
  31. What percentage of people will stop taking meds due to side effects?
    1/2 to 2/3
  32. Explain Regression to the Mean?
    The tendency for someone who scores at an extreme on a test (hihg or low) to be closer to the mean if the test is retaken (a lower score for those who scored high, a higher score for those who scored low)
  33. What is ECT?
    Electroconvulsive Therapy aka Shock therapy
  34. What happens when someone has an ECT session?
    Electrical pulses are sent to the brain and a seizure is induced.
  35. What is ECT used for TODAY?
    It's used to treat severe cases of depression (not schizophrenia, which is what it was originally used for)
  36. How many paitients a year have ETC treatments?
    100,000 paitients
  37. Pros and cons of ETC
    Faster than meds

    Memory problems

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