APII Lab Exam 5

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APII Lab Exam 5
2012-05-04 01:10:56
cat dissection anatomy physiology MATC respiratory reproductive urinary circulatory

study cards for MATC Lab exam 5 team
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  1. This tissue appears pinkish-purple with many similar sized cavities that have a thin layer of cells between them.
    Normal Lung Tissue
  2. This tissue appears dark with very thick bands of tissue running between very large, less numerous cavities.
    Emphysemic Lung Tissue
  3. This tissue has many dark spots (nuclei) and much tissue throughout the sample. Cavities (alveoli) are minimal.
    Lung Carcinoma
  4. This tissue has thick tissue bands stained with dark/black particles. It also has few, large cavities (alveoli)
    Smoker's Lung
  5. The maximum amount of air that can be exchanged in one breath.
    Vital Capacity
  6. The amount of air that moves in and out of the lungs during a normal resting respiratory cycle.
    Tidal Volume
  7. average volume of air in tidal volume
    500 mL
  8. The air that can be expired with maximum effort beyond the tidal volume.
    Expiratory Reserve Volume
  9. average volume of air in Expiratory Reserve Volume
    1200 mL
  10. amount of air that can be drawn into the lungs in a maximal inspiration after filling the lungs with tidal air
    Inspiratory Reserve Volume
  11. average volume of inspiratory reserve
    2500 - 3500 mL
  12. TV + ERV + IRV = ________
    Vital Capacity
  13. percent of total vital capacity that can be exhaled in the first second of expiration
    Timed vital capacity / forced expiratory volume FEV
  14. normal amount of forced expiratory volume
    at least 75% of vital capacity
  15. tough membrane sac surrounding heart
    pericardium or pericardial sac
  16. arteries and veins found superficially embedded in the muscular wall of the ventricles
    coronary arteries and veins
  17. ventricle with thicker muscle wall
    left ventricle
  18. ventricle with thinner muscle wall
    right ventricle
  19. small sac located above right ventricle
    right atrium
  20. small sac located above left ventricle
    left atrium
  21. artery that leaves the right ventricle, easily seen on the front of the heart, and travels between the atria before arching back
    pulmonary artery
  22. pinkish-tan artery located behind the pulmonary artery. it curves and branches into many other arteries
  23. curve of the aorta that branches into many arteries
    aortic arch
  24. large vein that returns blood from the ribs to the superior vena cava. It is located only on the right side of the vertebral column and runs along the vena cava.
    azygous/azygos vein
  25. brings blood from lungs to left atrium
    pulmonary veins
  26. part of aorta the travels down the vetebral column to the diaphragm
    descending aorta
  27. first branch that extends off aortic arch, goes towards head, branches again into 3 major branches that go up the neck and towards the collar bone
    brachiocephalic trunk
  28. the second vessel to branch off the arotic arch and heads to the left collarbone and shoulder
    left subclavian artery
  29. the two vessels that branch off the brachiocephalic trunk and run along both sides of the trachea towards the head.
    left and right common carotid arteries
  30. third vessel to branch off the brachiocephalic trunk, it turns towards the right collarbone and shoulder
    right subclavian artery
  31. the first vessel to branch off the anterior side of the subclavian arteries. this vessel goes towards the cervical verterbrae and eventually supply the brain
    verterbral arteries
  32. the second vessel to branch off the anterior side of the subclavian arteries angles towards the thyroid, neck, and shoulder
    thyrocervical artery
  33. the vessel that branches off the subclavian in the posterior direction, usually seen opposite the thyrocervical artery, supplies blood to the anterior chest wall
    internal mammary artery
  34. vessel that oroginates of the dorsal side of the subclavian arteries, it is usually between the vertebral and thyrocervical arteries.
    costocervical artery
  35. name-change of the subclavian arteries beyond the thyrocervical branch as they move toward the armpits, this one forks to form two more important arteries
    axillary artery
  36. the fork of the axillary artery that goes back towards the shoulder blade
    subscapular artery
  37. the fork of the axillary artery that goes down the arm
    brachial artery
  38. small vessels that extend off the ascending aorta and supply the rib cage
    intercostal arteries
  39. the portion of the aorta that exits the diaphragm and continues into the abdominal cavity
    abdominal aorta
  40. small, tan, glands seen medial to the top of the kidneys, not attached to kidney as in humans
    adrenal glands
  41. large, unpaired artery that branches off the abdominal artery soon after the abdominal artery emerges from the diaphragm, this artery branches off to supply the spleen, liver, stomach, and pancreas
    celiac trunk
  42. first vessel to branch off the celiac trunk, "dives" under the stomach to supply the liver, duodenum, and pancreas. may be hard to see
    hepatic artery
  43. second vessel to exit the celiac artery, can be seen spiderwebbing across the stomach
    gastric artery
  44. name change of the celiac trunk beyond the gastric artery as it supplies blood to the spleen
    splenic artery
  45. the vessel on the abdominal aorta, just posterior to the celiac trunk, that emerges and leads to the mesentery
    superior mesenteric artery
  46. pair of small vessels just posterior to the superior mesenteric artery that can be seen embedded in the dorsal body wall and leading to the adrenal glands
    adrenolumbar arteries
  47. pair of fairly large vessels that extend from the abdominal artery to the kidneys
    renal arteries
  48. pair of very small arteries that originate just below the renal arteries and extend to either the testicles or ovaries
    testicular or ovarian arteries
  49. unpaired vessel that extends from the abdominal aorta to the lower portion of the mesentery
    inferior mesenteric artery
  50. pair of vessels that exit the abdominal aorta below the inferior mesenteric artery, it embeds into the muscles of the dorsal body wall
    iliolumbar arteries
  51. first, larger forks of abdominal aorta that extend toward the legs
    external iliac arteries
  52. second, smaller forks of abdominal aorta that extend toward the legs
    internal iliac arteries
  53. vessel that extends from the center of the internal iliac arteries to the tail
    caudal artery
  54. the portion of the external iliac artery that passes out of the abdomen and goes to the leg
    femoral artery
  55. conspicuous vein on the medial surface of the leg
    saphenous vein
  56. small ovoid objects just posterior to kidney in female cat, surrounded by a membrane
  57. membrane that holds the female reproductive organs in place
    broad ligament
  58. small convoluted tube that curves around ovary and ends at the uterine horn
  59. long structures that go from the ovaries and meet to form a "V"
    horns of the uterus
  60. where the horns of the uterus merge
    body of the uterus
  61. wider, thicker portion of body of the uterus
    uterine cervix
  62. found beyond the cervix
  63. where the urethra and vagina merge
    urogenital vestibule
  64. large pouch of skin that contain the testes
  65. in foreskin between testes
  66. rope looking structure that goes from the testicle up to the abdomen
    spermatic cord
  67. hole in abdomen through which the spermatic cord travels
    inguinal canal
  68. ball
  69. semitransparent, fibrous sac that surrounds the testis
    tunica vaginalis
  70. artery found within the spermatic cord
    testicular artery
  71. vein found within the spermatic cord
    testicular vein
  72. white duct within the spermatic cord
    vas deferens
  73. coma shaped, slightly convoluted tube on the surface of the testis
  74. small swelling that surrounds the urethra posterior and dorsal to the bladder where the vas deferens enter
    prostate gland
  75. tube that runs from base of urinary bladder to the penis
  76. pair of small glands at the base of the penis
    bulbourethral glands (Cowper's glands)
  77. four parts of the urinary system that you need to know
    • kidneys
    • ureters
    • urinary bladder
    • urethra