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What are he seven parts of the communication process?
What is the speaker in the communication process?
Person presenting the message
What is the message in the communication process?
What is being communicated
Describe the channel in the communication process.
Medium for the delivery of the message
Who are the listeners?
What is feedback?
Reaction to a message. Could be written, verbal, body language
Describe interference in the communication process.
Anything that gets in the way of the message
What is the "situation" in the communication process?
Could be the room, occasion, formality of the speech
What are some ideas for speaking ethically?
- Ethically sound goals
- Be respectful of ppls time
- Be honest
- Avoid abusive tactics
- Site all references
Presenting another's ideas/language as your own
What are the three types of plagiarism?
Describe global plagiarism.
Describe patchwork plagiarism.
Piecing together bits & pieces of others work
Describe incremental plagiarism.
Mixing your own words in with those of others
What are some resources you can find at a library?
- The catalogue
- Reference works
- Newspaper/periodical databases
- Academic databases
What are primary ways to arrange main points of a speech?
- Chronological Order
- Spacial Order
- Casual Order
- Problem/Solution Order
- Topical Order
Describe chronological arrangement of main points.
Main points follow time pattern
Describe Spacial arrangement of main points.
Main points follow a directional pattern
Describe casual arrangement of main points.
Main points show a cause & effect relationship
Describe the problem/solution arrangement of main points.
1st main pt presents a problem & 2nd presents solution
Describe the topical arrangement of main points.
Main points divided into logical & consistent subtopics
An informative speech about an object can be organized in ____, ____ or ____ order.
An informative speech about a process is usually organized in ____ or ____ order.
An informative speech about an event is usually organized in ____ or ____ order.
Informative speeches about concepts typically follow a ____ order.
When performing a persuasive speech advocating change a ____/____ order is typically followed.
A persuasive speech where your audience believes what you're saying follows what order?
A persuasive speech that requires immediate action follows what order?
Monroe's motivated sequence
Speeches to commemorate, accept, introduce or present often follow what order?
Define informative speech.
One designed to convey knowledge & understanding
Informative speeches can describe what 4 things?
A persuasive speech is designed to do what?
Create, reinforce or change people's beliefs or actions
What is comparative advantages order of a speech?
Persuasive speech where speaker's main point explains why their solution is better than another's
Describe a speech of introduction.
One which introduces the main speaker to the audience
Describe a speech of presentation.
One which presents someone a gift, award or other form of recognition
Describe an acceptance speech.
One which gives thanks for a gift, award or other form or recognition
What is a commemorative speech?
One which pays tribute to a person, group, institution or idea
What is the "general purpose" in the speech outline?
It tells what type of speech it is. ie to inform, to persuade
What is the "specific purpose" of to speech?
Tells audience exactly what the speech is about
Describe the "central idea" of the speech.
Tells what the main points of the speech are
What does the "introduction" include?
- Who you are
- Est credibility
- Capture attn
- Preview main pts
Describe the "transition" part of a speech.
Word or phrase indicating when one thought finished & moving to another
What is the "body" of the speech?
- Each main pt broken down
- Transitions in between main points
Describe the "conclusion."
- Summarize main pts
- Closes speech
- Any questions?
What are the four types of listening?
Define Appreciative listening.
Listening for pleasure or enjoyment
Describe Empathetic listening.
Listening to provide emotional support
Describe Comprehensive listening.
Listening to understand the message of a speaker
Define critical listening.
Listening to eval a message to accept or reject it
What is active listening?
Undivided attn to speaker to understand speaker's POV
What are the 4 basic methods for delivering a speech?
- Verbatim fr manuscript
- Reciting fr memory
Describe "reading fr a manuscript."
- Written word for word
- Read to the audience
Describe an "Impromptu speech."
Little or no immediate prep
Describe an "extemporaneous speech."
- Carefully prepared
- Presented fr brief set of notes
_____ is the tendency of ppl to be concerned above all with their own values, beliefs and well-being.
____ is the belief that one's own grp or culture is superior to all others
List some nonverbal skills.
- Personal appearance
- Eye contact
What are the 3 types of leaders?
The ____ leader is a grp member that others defer to b/c of rank, expertise or other quality.
Leadership is defined as . . . .
Ability to influence ppl in such a way to help achieve the goals of the grp
Describe the emergent leader.
Grp member who emerges as leader during the grps deliberations
The ____ leader is one who is elected or appointed when grp is formed.