AP Gov chap 9.txt

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APgov
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AP Gov chap 9.txt
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2012-05-04 11:07:54
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  1. 
    • author "Me"
    • tags "Nominations and campaigns "
    • description ""
    • fileName "AP Gov chap 9"
    • Path for a person to take to get to prez
    • Person -> primary/caucus -> blanket
  2. state to remember For primaries
    New Hampshire
  3. State to remember for caucus
    Iowa
  4. Nomination
    The official endorsement of a candidate for office by a political party. Generally, success in the nomination game requires momentum, money, and media attention.
  5. Criteria to be elected president.
    • Age: at least 35
    • Place of birth: USA soil or base
    • Residency: in US for at least 14 years
  6. Big Mo
    • Money: buy adds, pay for transportation form super PACs leads to->
    • Media Attention: call a press conference,
    • Momentum: builds base etc.
  7. National party convention
    The supreme power within each of the parties. The convention meets every four years to nominate the party's presidential and VP candidates. Nominees try to gain majority of delegates votes, the nomination occurs. And party platform is created.
  8. Caucus
    • A meeting of all state party for selecting delegates to the national party convention. Organized in pyramid.
    • First: Iowa (Jan)
    • -open to public
    • Group of people
    • Debate the candidates + issue
    • Organized like a pyramid
  9. Presidential Primary
    Elections in which a state vote for a candidates (or delegates pledged to him or her). Most delegates to the national party convention are chosen this way.
  10. Front loading
    • Capitalize on media attention, by being a state in the early election process.
    • States: push primary up
    • Candidates:
  11. Problems of caucus and the primary
    • Unequal attention goes to the first few races.
    • Prominent politicians have to make time to "rein".
    • Money spent + states late in process don't get recognized
    • Too much power goes to he media
    • Media (and internet) focuses on candidates, not issues
    • Voter tour out is low
  12. Internet in relation to campaigns
    Easy to donate, (PayPal etc)
  13. Money
    • Regulated: by federal elections commission (FEC)
    • Can get you reelected
  14. Federal Election Commission (FEC)
    • 1976. A six-member bipartisan agency created by the Federal Election Act of 1974. This agency administers and enforces campaign finance laws.
    • There is public financing
    • Limit presidential spending
    • Full disclosure (audit)
  15. McCain-Feingold Act
    Limited the amount of money corporations and individuals cups contribute to prez campaign. Amended by supreme court in 2010.
  16. Citizens united v FEC
    • Overturned McCain-Feingold Act. No limit on donations. 5-4 vote.
    • Pros: easier to fundraiser, unlimited speech, competition
    • Cons: business can buy politicians.
  17. PAC (Political Action Committee)
    • Allow $5,000 donation to political party from individuals.
    • Less successful in raising money
  18. Campaign strategy
    The master game candidates lay out to guide their electoral campaign .
  19. Advirtising
    • Target audience
    • Newspapers
    • Issues: Medicare, taxes, social security
    • Television
  20. McGovern-Fraser Commission
    A commission formed at the 1968 Democratic convention in response to demands for reform by minority groups and others who sight better representation.
  21. Super delegates
    National party leaders who automatically get a delegate slot at the Democratic national party convention.
  22. National primary
    A proposal by critics of the caucuses and presidential primaries, which would replace these electoral methods with a nationwide primary held early in election year.
  23. Regional primaries
    A proposal by critics of the caucuses and presidential primaries, to replace these electoral methods with a series of primaries held in each geographic region.
  24. Party platform
    A political party's statement of its goals and policies for the next four years. The platform is drafted prior to the party convention by a committee whose members are chosen in rough proportion to each candidates strength. It is the best formal statement of a party's beliefs.
  25. Direct Mail
    A high-tech method of raising money for a political cause or candidate. It involves sending information and requests for money to people whose names appear on lists of those who have supported similar views or candidates in the past.
  26. Federal Election Campaign Act
    A law passed in 1974 for reforming campaign finances. The act created the Federal Election Commission,'provided public financing for presidential primaries and general elections, limited presidential campaign spending, required disclosure, and attempted to limit contributions.

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