AP gov chap 10.txt

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APgov
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152120
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AP gov chap 10.txt
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2012-05-04 11:08:21
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  1. 
    • author "Me"
    • tags "Elections and voting behavior"
    • description ""
    • fileName "AP gov chap 10"
    • Three kinds of elections
    • Primary: select party nominees
    • General: select officeholder from nominee
    • Ballot measure: referendum and initiative petition
  2. Legitimacy
    A characterization of election by political scientists meaning that they are almost universally accepted as a fair and free method of selecting political leaders. When legitimacy is high, as in the US, even the losers accept the results peacefully.
  3. Referendum
    • Legislative act (school/transportation bond)
    • A state-level method of direct legislation that gives voters a chance to approve or disapprove proposed legislation or a proposed constitutional amendment.
  4. Initiative petition
    A process permitted in some states whereby voters may put proposed changes in the state constitution t a vote if sufficient signatures (1/2 number of voters in last election) are obtained on petitions calling for such a referendum.
  5. Proposition 209
    Failed. Supposed to end affirmative action in California. Came when there was a large amount of illegal immigrants.
  6. Proposition 8
    Meant to end same-sex marriages. Passed
  7. Proposition 26
    Ending abortion in Mississippi. Failed
  8. Election of 1800
    First election with peaceful change of power. Jefferson wins, nut no violence arises. Made prez choose VP.
  9. Election of 1896
    Republicans gain power.
  10. Election of bush v gore (2000)
    Gore won popular but bush won electoral college
  11. Suffrage
    The legal right to vote, extended to African Americans by the Fifteenth Amendment, to women by the Nineteenth Amendment, and to people over the age of 18 by the Twenty-sixth Amendment
  12. Political efficacy
    The belief that one's political participation really maters - that one's vote can actually make a difference.
  13. Civic duty
    The belief that in order to support democratic government, a citizen should always vote.
  14. Voter registration
    A system adopted by the states that requires voters to register well in advance of Election Day. A few states permit Election Day registration.
  15. Motor Voter Act
    Passed in 1993, this act went into effect for the 1996 election. It requires states to permit people to register to vote at the same time they apply for their driver's license.
  16. Mandate theory of elections
    The idea that the winning candidate has a mandate from the people to carry out his or her platforms and politics. Politicians like the theory better than political scientists do.
  17. Policy voting
    Electoral choices that are made on the basis of the voters' policy preferences and on the basis of where the candidates stand on policy issues.
  18. Electoral college
    A unique American institution, created by the Constitution, providing for the selection of the president by electors chosen by the state parties. Although the electoral college vote usually reflects a popular majority, the winner-take-all rule gives clout to big states.
  19. Retrospective voting
    A theory of voting in which voters essentially ask this simple question: "what have you done for me lately?"
  20. Elections with highest percentage turnout
    • 1896 80% turnout
    • 2000 51% turnout
  21. US v other countries voting
    other countries: levy taxes if you don't vote, and vote on weekends.


    In US: you must register to vote. Vote multiple times. In US we have motor voter act.
  22. Registration in most states
    • 90 days before you turn 18
    • Can register up to Election Day.
  23. Typical voters
    • 1. Strong affiliation to a party
    • 2. Believes voting is their civic duty
    • 3. Political efficacy (believe their vote matters and that they can make a difference)
  24. What does a typical voter look like.
    • Education: more educated are more likely to vote
    • Age: older are more likely to vote
    • Race: white
    • Gender: race
    • Marital status: married
    • Live in one place for a long time
    • Gov or union employee
  25. Mandate
    Belief that your representative will carry out your ideals through legislation.
  26. Number one indicator of how people vote.
    Party affiliation
  27. Candidates are evaluated on:
    • Appearance: speaking skills
    • Image, integrity
  28. Single issue voting
    Increasing prevalence

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