Every American state and and the federal government has it except in Nebraska.
Government officials already holding office. In congressional elections they win 95% f thyme.
Voting for policy that does not affect your state, in return for having that congressman voting for legislation that you favor that don't affect their state
The group of people a congress representative represents.
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as individuals; cutting through bureaucratic red tape to get people what they think they have a right to get.
The mighty list of federal projects, grants, and contracts available to cities, business, colleges, and institutions available in a congressional district.
More party loyalty
Citizenship: 7 years
Residence: in state
Get tax wrist off access to gym
Head of Senate- VP tie breaker
Pro-Tempor- tie breaker when VP gone (Dan inoyi$
Senators usually win by a narrow margin
Can hold investigations
Age: 30 years old
Residence: in state
Live in us for 9 years
Senator at large
The only representative (don young)
Representative can only be arrested for a felony.
Formal disapproval akin to the black spot with pirates.
1) law degree
Lot of $
Women, African Americans, and Latinos
House rules committee
1) review bills
2) schedule committee time
3) allot time for debate
4) amendments (earmarks, wording)
An institution unique to the House of Representatives that reviews all bills (except revenue, budget, and appropriations bills) coming from a House committee before they go to the full House.
A strategy unique to the Senate whereby opponents of the piece of legislation try to talk it to death, based on the tradition of unlimited debate. Today, 60 members present and voting can halt a filibuster.
Speaker of the House
An office mandated by the Constitution. The Speaker is chosen in practice by the majority party, has both formal and informal powers, and is second in line to succeed the presidency should that office become vacant.
1) presides over house
2) play major role in committee assignments & appoint party legislative leaders
3) assign bills to certain committees
4) informal clout
The principal partisan ally of the Speaker of the House or the party's manager in the Senate. The majority leader is responsible for
2) influencing committee assignments
3)rounding up votes on behalf of the party's legislative positions.
Party leaders who work with the majority leader or minority leader to count votes before hand and lean on waiverers whose votes are crucial to a bill favored by the party.
The principal leader of the minority party in the house of representatives or in the Senate
Separate subject-matter committees in each house of Congress that handle bills in different policy areas.
Congressional committees on a few subject-matter areas with membership drawn from both houses.
Congressional committees formed when the Senate and House pass a particular bill in different forms. Party leadership appoints members from each house to iron out the difference and bring back a single bill.
Congressional committees appointed for a specific purpose, such as the Watergate investigation.
Congress's monitoring of the bureaucracy and its administration policy performed mainly through hearings.
The most important influencers of the Congressional agenda. They played dominant roles in scheduling hearings, hiring staff, appointing subcommittees, and managing committee bills when they are brought before the full house.
A simple rule for picking committee chairs, in effect until the 1970s. Members who had served on the committee the longest and whose party controlled Congress became the chair, regardless of party loyalty, mental state, or competence.
A group of members of Congress sharing some interest or characteristic. Most of composed members from both parties and from both houses
A proposed law, drafted in precise , legal language. Anyone can draft a bill, but only a member at the House of Representatives or the Senate can formally submit a bill for consideration.
Why incumbents win?
When legislatures receive $ for projects that others don't see as necessary.
Force a vote, override filibuster.
Allows congress to regulate the bureaucracy in order to check the executive branch. Can cut budget ect...
Ways and Means committe
Part of the house, determines where money will come from (transportation, ect)