AP gov chap 12.txt

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AP gov chap 12.txt
2012-08-29 23:30:57

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    • author "Me"
    • tags "Congress"
    • description ""
    • fileName "AP gov chap 12"
    • Hose + Senate =
    • Congress
  2. Bicameral legislature
    • 2 houses.
    • Every American state and and the federal government has it except in Nebraska.
  3. Incumbents
    Government officials already holding office. In congressional elections they win 95% f thyme.
  4. Logrolling
    Voting for policy that does not affect your state, in return for having that congressman voting for legislation that you favor that don't affect their state
  5. Constituencies
    The group of people a congress representative represents.
  6. Casework
    Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as individuals; cutting through bureaucratic red tape to get people what they think they have a right to get.
  7. Pork barrel
    The mighty list of federal projects, grants, and contracts available to cities, business, colleges, and institutions available in a congressional district.
  8. House
    • Limited debate
    • Institutionalized
    • More centralized
    • More hierarchical
    • More party loyalty
    • Age: 25
    • Citizenship: 7 years
    • Residence: in state
    • 435 others
    • Get tax wrist off access to gym
  9. Senate
    • Head of Senate- VP tie breaker
    • Pro-Tempor- tie breaker when VP gone (Dan inoyi$
    • Unlimited debate
    • Senators usually win by a narrow margin
    • Can hold investigations
    • Age: 30 years old
    • Residence: in state
    • Live in us for 9 years
  10. Senator at large
    The only representative (don young)
  11. Diplomatic immunity
    Representative can only be arrested for a felony.
  12. Censure
    • Formal disapproval akin to the black spot with pirates.
    • You're doomed.
  13. Pre-congress jobs
    • 1) law degree
    • 2) business
    • 3) education
    • Lot of $
  14. Underrepresented groups
    Women, African Americans, and Latinos
  15. House rules committee
    • 1) review bills
    • 2) schedule committee time
    • 3) allot time for debate
    • 4) amendments (earmarks, wording)
    • An institution unique to the House of Representatives that reviews all bills (except revenue, budget, and appropriations bills) coming from a House committee before they go to the full House.
  16. Filibuster
    A strategy unique to the Senate whereby opponents of the piece of legislation try to talk it to death, based on the tradition of unlimited debate. Today, 60 members present and voting can halt a filibuster.
  17. Speaker of the House
    • An office mandated by the Constitution. The Speaker is chosen in practice by the majority party, has both formal and informal powers, and is second in line to succeed the presidency should that office become vacant.
    • 1) presides over house
    • 2) play major role in committee assignments & appoint party legislative leaders
    • 3) assign bills to certain committees
    • 4) informal clout
    • 5)2
  18. Majority Leader
    • The principal partisan ally of the Speaker of the House or the party's manager in the Senate. The majority leader is responsible for
    • 1)scheduling bills
    • 2) influencing committee assignments
    • 3)rounding up votes on behalf of the party's legislative positions.
  19. Whips
    Party leaders who work with the majority leader or minority leader to count votes before hand and lean on waiverers whose votes are crucial to a bill favored by the party.
  20. Minority leader
    The principal leader of the minority party in the house of representatives or in the Senate
  21. Standing committees
    Separate subject-matter committees in each house of Congress that handle bills in different policy areas.
  22. Joint committees
    Congressional committees on a few subject-matter areas with membership drawn from both houses.
  23. Conference committeesy
    Congressional committees formed when the Senate and House pass a particular bill in different forms. Party leadership appoints members from each house to iron out the difference and bring back a single bill.
  24. Select committees
    Congressional committees appointed for a specific purpose, such as the Watergate investigation.
  25. Legislative oversight
    Congress's monitoring of the bureaucracy and its administration policy performed mainly through hearings.
  26. Committee chairs
    The most important influencers of the Congressional agenda. They played dominant roles in scheduling hearings, hiring staff, appointing subcommittees, and managing committee bills when they are brought before the full house.
  27. Seniority system
    A simple rule for picking committee chairs, in effect until the 1970s. Members who had served on the committee the longest and whose party controlled Congress became the chair, regardless of party loyalty, mental state, or competence.
  28. Caucus (congressional)
    A group of members of Congress sharing some interest or characteristic. Most of composed members from both parties and from both houses
  29. Bill
    A proposed law, drafted in precise , legal language. Anyone can draft a bill, but only a member at the House of Representatives or the Senate can formally submit a bill for consideration.
  30. Why incumbents win?
    Name recognition
  31. Porkbarrel spending
    When legislatures receive $ for projects that others don't see as necessary.
  32. Cloture
    Force a vote, override filibuster.
  33. Oversight
    Allows congress to regulate the bureaucracy in order to check the executive branch. Can cut budget ect...
  34. Ways and Means committe
    Part of the house, determines where money will come from (transportation, ect)
  35. Appropriations Committe
    Sets the amount of money for a bill