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- author "Me"
- tags "The presidency"
- description ""
- fileName "Ap gov chap 13"
- Executive Orders
- Orders give by President that can become law with out congressional consent. consent.
- (Japanese Internment, Patriot Act, pardons -jimmy carter pardoned draft dodgers)
War Powers Act
Prez can deploy troops for any reason, but congress can pull them out after 60 days
US v. Nixon
Took away Nixon's executive privilege.
The Cabinet of the Prez
Heads of the Department (Secretaries) plus Attorney General (head of department of justice)
Passed in 1951, limits presidents to two terms of office.
- 1) National Security Council (NSC)
- 2) Council of Economic Advisors (CEA)
- 3) Office of Management + Budget (OMB)
- 4) Staff
- 5) First Lady
National Security Council (NSC)
- Deal with foreign policy, military power, and policy.
- Four members
- 1) President
- 2) VP
- 3) Sec of State
- 4) Sec of Defense
- managed by the president's national security assistant
Council of Economic Advisors (CEA)
- 3 members appointed by prez
- advise on unemployment, housing, jobs trends, and inflation statistics.
Office of Management + Budget (OMB)
- 600 employees responsible for the presidents budget (works with OMB)
- looks at legislative proposals
- think tank of DC
- Act as a policy clearing house (research bills, help with congressional oversight)
- Speech writers, press controllers, make-up, aids.
- Chief of Staff
Generally take on a single issue and campaign for president.
President as Head of State
- Symbol of USA
- no lousiness
- Olympics, funeral, marriage
- Head of State
- Chief Legislator
- Commander in Chef
- Chief Diplomat
- Economic Planner
- Part Leader
President as Economic Planner
- Controls Budget with aid from economic advisors
- deal with sending, war, bailouts, GDP
President as Party Leader
- Represent party by:
- campaigning on behalf of party
- pushing favorable legislation
- influencing department heads
- 2/3 Congress = president
- Executive agreement (no Congressional support needed)
President as Chief Diplomat
- Still a symbol of USA, but business happens unlike as head of state. Works on Foreign policy, with NSC, and diplomatic recognition, also uses embargoes.
- Treaties (2/3 vote in congress)
- Exeuative agreement
President as Commander in Chief
- responsible for 1.5 million military
- can NOT declare war
War Powers Act/Resolution
A law passed in 1973 in reaction to American fighting in Vietnam and Cambodia tat requires presidents to consult with Congress whever pssible prior to using military force and to withdraw forces after 60 days unless Congress declares war or grants an extension. Presidents view the resolution as unconstitutional.Never really used, (except with Lisa Murkowski)
Prez as Chief Legislator
- enact legislation,
- 1)sign legislation,
- 2) veto (Congress can override veto with with 2/3 vote)
- 3) Not do anything, still becomes law
- 4) Pocket Veto- if Congress adjourns within 10 days, prez can not sign and it does not become law
the political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, prescribed by the constitution. The House of Representatives may impeach the president by a majority vote for "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors."
The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National-Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment.
In 1976, permits the vice president to become acting resident if both the vice president and the presidents's cabinet determine that the president is disabled. The amendment also outlines how a reuperated president can reclaim the job.
A group of presidential advisers not mentioned in the Constitution, though every president has had one Today the cabinet is composed of 14 secretaries nd the attorne general.
The constitutional power of the president to send a bill back to Congress with reasons for rejecting it. A 2/3 vote in each house can overrie it.
These occur when voters cast their ballot for congressional candidates of the president's party because they support the president. Recent studies show that few races ware won this way.
The ability of Congress to override a presidential decision. Although the War Powers Resolution asserts this authority, there is reason to believe that, if challenged, the Supreme Court would find the legislative veto in violation of the doctrine of separation of powers, and hence unconstitutional.
A sudden, unpredictable, and potentially dangerous event requiring the president to play the role of crisis manager.