AP Government Chap 5 vocab and terms.txt
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- description "Vocab and Terms for Chapter 5 "
- fileName "AP Government Chap 5 vocab and terms.txt"
- Inherently Suspect
- Invalid unless "compelling public interest"
- 1 slavery- civil war
- 2 reconstruction- 1954
- 1954 to present day
African American civil rights (slavery- reconstruction)
Dred scot case (scott vs sanford), 3/5 comprimise
Segregation by law (jim crow laws)
By fact: by neiborhoods, states, membership
Type of segregation: rational relationship to lefit go. Purpose. Examples: amusment park rides, voting age, drinking age. Abortion standards.
Case by case, moderatly difficult to meet. Open to interpretation usually by gender (employmenr, firefighters, Draft
- Equality by 14th ammendment (equal process under law)
- Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by government officials or individuals
Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka
Ended segragated schools reversed plessy vs furfusen "seperat eis inheretly unequal"
Scott v. Sandford
1857. Supreme Court ruled that a slave who had excaped to a free state enjoyed no rihgts as a citizen and the Congress had no authority to ban slavery in the territories.
Ratified avter Civil War, forbade slavery and involentary servitude.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
this law made racial and sexual discrimination against any group in hotels, motels, and restaurants illegal and forbade many forms of job discrimination
Plessy v Ferguson
1896. SC provided constitution justification for segregation by ruling that a Louisiana law requiring "equal but separate accommodations for the awhile and colored races" was constitutional
Harper v Board of Elections
1866 You can not discriminate at state polls.
Abolished poll tax
Brown v Board of Education of Topeka
1954. SC said separate is inherently unequal. A violation of the 14th ammendment's guarantee of equal protection.
Minority majority top 3
- 1) African americans
- 2) Latin Americans
- 3)Asian Americans - fastest growing
Executive order 9066
- Japanese internment. Rounded up Asian Americans into "safe hoses" striped bill of
- Rights. Led to Korematsu v US
Korematsu v US
1944. SC decision that upheld the internment of more than 100,000 American Japenese descent in encampments duringe WWII as constitutional.
The legal right to vote, extended to African Americans by the fifteenth amendment and to people over 18 by the 26th ammendment
Gives women the right to vote.
Equal rights amendment.
Introduced in 1923 passed congress but failed to get 3/4 legislature .
Reed v Reed
1971. Landmark case. Supreme court upheld claim of gender discrimination. Set standards for custody: goes to most qualified.
Craig v Boren
1976. Made girls drinking age higher to equal guys. CraiG vBoren. (Girls over Boys) set up "medium scrutiny".
Equal employment opportunities commission
1972. You can sue for discrimination.
From education act of 1792. Any facility for boys must have an equivalent for girls. Used with sports.
What % of military is woman.
15% of military. They can not be in combat positions.
Faragher v city of boca raton, FL
1991 Employers are responsible for ending sexual harassment. You can sue if they fail to do so.
Current areas of civil rights
- Age discrimination: older have to meet all other requirements "intermediate scrutiny" younger: emancipation (be financially independent.
- Disabled: reasonable accommodations
- Sexual orientation: adoption, insurance (by state, case by case)
The issue raised when women who hold traditionally female jobs are paid less than men for working at jobs requiring
The constitution amendment adopted in 1870 to extend suffrage to African Americans.
Used to discourage African American voting. Deemed unconstitutional in 1944
Voting right act of 1965
- Law to help African American suffrage. Removed many barriers to voting such as literacy tests. Registered many, and allowed many more African Americans to become
- Elected officials.
Americans with disabilities act of 1990
Requires employers to make "reasonable accommodations" for people with disabilities and prohibits discrimination in employment.
A policy designed to give special attention to or compensatory treatment for members of some previously disadvantaged group.
Regents of the University of California v Bake
1978. Rules that a state university could not admit less qualified students solely because of their race.
Adarand Constructors v Pena
1995. Rules that holding federal programs that classify people by race in any case to be unconstitutional.
Small taxes levied on the right to vote. Used to exclude blacks from voting. Voided by 26th amendment.
No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge privileges or take away life property etc w/ out due process of the law.
End of reconstruction
1876. Hays promised to end reconstruction in return
Drawing district boundaries to the advantage of a specific groups.( ie whites)
Proposition 209 (California)
Banned affirmative action
Swann v Charlotte-Mecklenberg county schools
Allowed busing as a means to valence racial percentages in schools
Guinn v US
Grandfather clause is unconstitutional
Smith v allwright
Outlawed white primaries
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