AP Government Chapter 12 Quiz.txt

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AP Government Chapter 12 Quiz.txt
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2012-05-04 11:16:11
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Quiz 12
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  1. 
    • author "winterburger"
    • tags "AP Gov Chapter 12 Review "
    • description "Review for chapter 12"
    • fileName "AP Government Chapter 12 Quiz.txt"
    • According to Edmund Burke's classification, members of Congress would be considered
    • a)trustees
    • b)instructed delegates
    • c)politicos
    • d)ambassadors.
    • c) politicos means active participant in politics
  2. An example of casework by a member of Congress is
    A) writing a newsletter to send out to constituents.
    B) voting for a bill desired by the majority of constituents.
    C)working with a caucus on a public policy that affects his or her constituents
    D) helping a constituent get a small business loan.
    D) casework are activities of members of Congress that help constituents as individuals.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Congressional reforms in 1995 gave each senator
    A) a seat on at least one key committee.
    B)created rotating committee chairs.
    C) allowed committee chairs to choose the chairs of subcommittees.
    D)drastically cut the power of majority leaders.
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Critics argue that one of the effects of the continual reelection of incumbents in Congress is
    A) less money spent on elections.
    B) insulation of members from political change.
    C) less conservative policies.
    D) fewer policy experts winning congressional seats.
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. In the relationship between lobbyists and members of Congress,
    A) members of Congress can ignore and embarrass lobbyists.
    B) lobbyists hold the greater power.
    C) members of Congress depend on lobbyists for reelection.
    D) lobbyists pay members of Congress to pass or defeat bills.
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Most of the business of Congress takes place in
    A) in committees and subcommittees.
    B) congressional districts.
    C) on the floor of the House and Senate.
    D) during evening social functions.
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Of all the senators' and representatives' roles, the toughest is
    A) running for reelection.
    B)constituent service.
    C) policymaking.
    D) fund raising.
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Party loyalty at the voting booth is
    A) still a good predictor of voting behavior.
    B) stronger than it was a generation ago.
    C) no longer a good indication of voting behavior.
    D) almost nonexistent today.
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Probably the foremost attraction to the job of being a member of Congress is
    A) popularity.
    B) leisure time.
    C) power.
    D) salary.
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Successful presidential leadership of Congress requires
    A) Congress and the president to belong to the same political party.
    B) a powerful president able to convince members of Congress to follow his program.
    C) presidents to successfully lobby each member of Congress to vote for their programs.
    D) the president to act as a facilitator, working at the margins of coalition building.
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The House Rules Committee
    A) has its members appointed by the House majority leader.
    B) usually retains independence from the House leadership.
    C) is similar to the Senate Rules Committee.
    D) reviews most bills coming from committee before they go to the full House.
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The most important goal of advertising for members of Congress is
    A) achieve visibility.
    B) gather information from the constituency.
    C) to inform the representative's constituency about his or her voting record.
    D) elicit campaign contributions from the constituency.
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The parties in Congress are most cohesive
    A) when electing its official leaders.
    B) on foreign policy issues.
    C) on economic policy.
    D) on military matters.
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The person responsible for scheduling floor action in the Senate is
    A) the vice president of the United States.
    B) Senate majority leader.
    C) chairman of the Senate Rules Committee.
    D) Speaker of the Senate.
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The president's most common method of attempting to influence Congress is to
    A) invite members of Congress to the White House.
    B) hold regular meetings with the party's leaders in Congress.
    C) call up wavering members.
    D) offer to campaign for members.
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Traditionally, congressional committee chairpersons have been chosen through
    A) a majority vote by committee members.
    B) party rank.
    C) popularity with majority leaders.
    D) the seniority system.
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. When members of Congress hold a hearing to question a cabinet member on how a law is being carried out, they are engaging in
    A) casework.
    B) filibustering.
    C) legislative oversight.
    D) agenda-setting.
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. When political action committees contribute money to members of Congress they are seeking
    A) a direct voice in Congress.
    B) to create a more pluralistic Congress.
    C) access to policymakers.
    D) votes on specific legislation.
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following congressional offices is mandated by the Constitution?
    A) party whip
    B) minority leader
    C) majority leader
    D) Speaker of the House
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Within the last few years, power in Congress has become
    A) controlled by the influence of interest groups and Political Action Committees (PACs).
    B) dependent on the relationship between the members of Congress and the president as the chief legislator.
    C) more centralized, with more power in the hands of senior party leaders.
    D) decentralized with the proliferation of subcommittees and caucuses.
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Challengers for congressional seats usually outspend the incumbents.
    a) True
    b) False
    b)
  22. Differences between the parties in Congress are sharpest on questions of foreign policy.
    a) True
    b) False
    b)
  23. Even legislators whose votes conflict with the views of their constituents tend to be reelected.
    a) True
    b) False
    a)
  24. Generally, it is more difficult to pass legislation in the Senate than in the House.
    a) True
    b) False
    a)
  25. Incumbents are usually much better known and have a more favorable public image than do their opponents.
    a) True
    b) False
    a) True
  26. Incumbents usually feel comfortable about their reelection and thus spend less on their campaigns.
    a) True
    b) False
    b)
  27. Members of Congress believe that congressional oversight is one of their most important functions.
    a) True
    b) False
    b)
  28. Most of the leadership positions in Congress are formal and chosen by nonparty procedures.
    a) True
    b) False
    b)
  29. On a typical issue the prime determinant of a congressional member's vote is personal ideology.
    a) True
    b) False
    a)
  30. Power in the Senate is in the hands of a few key members.
    a) True
    b) False
    b)
  31. Senate incumbents typically win their elections by narrower margins than House incumbents do.
    a) True
    b) False
    a) True
  32. The House of Representatives is more institutionalized, centralized, hierarchical, and less anarchic than the Senate.
    a) True
    b) False
    a) True
  33. The most prominent characteristic of a congressperson's job is hard work.
    a) True
    b) False
    a)
  34. The real power in Congress lies with committee chairs, who have almost complete control over what goes on in the committee.
    a) True
    b) False
    b)
  35. Voters have little direct influence over the individuals who chair key committees or lead congressional parties.
    a) True
    b) False
    a) True
  36. _________________ are formed when the Senate and the House pass a particular bill in different forms.
    Conference committees
  37. A __________ is a legislature divided into two houses.
    bicameral legislature
  38. A congressional __________ is a grouping of members of Congress who share some interest or characteristic.
    caucus
  39. Edmund Burke favored the concept of legislators as __________ using their best judgment to make policy in the interests of the people.
    trustees
  40. Members of Congress cannot claim __________ representation, representing constituents through mirroring their personal, politically relevant characteristics.
    descriptive
  41. One feature unique to the Senate is the __________, which allows unlimited debate on a bill.
    filibuster
  42. Only members of the House or the Senate can formally submit a __________ for consideration.
    bill
  43. The most important fact about congressional elections is that __________ usually win.
    incumbents
  44. To increase turnover in the membership of Congress, some reformers have proposed __________ for representatives and senators.
    term limitations

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