Bio-Vocab Lesson 21

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tpuw
ID:
152151
Filename:
Bio-Vocab Lesson 21
Updated:
2012-05-04 18:37:17
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Intoduction Latin Bases Prefixes
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Lesson 21-Intoduction to Latin Bases and Prefixes
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  1. ab-, a-, abs-
    away from, from

    *this prefix is never assimilated

    ex: abduction, abstain
  2. ad, ac-, ag-, etc. *
    to, toward, near


    *the process of assimilation causes the last consonant of the prefix to become the same as the first consonant of the base
  3. ambi-, ambo-
    both, around


    ex: ambidextrous
  4. ante-
    before, in front of


    *Careful! Do not confuse with the Greek prefix anti-, "against"
  5. circum-, circu-
    around


    ex: circumference
  6. con-, com-, co-, etc.*
    with, together, very

    • ex: correspond, collect
    • *process of assimilation
  7. contra-, contro-
    opposite, against

    ex: contradict, contraceptive
  8. de-
    down, away, off, thoroughly

    ex: descend
  9. dis-, di-, dif-
    apart, in different directions, thoroughly

    ex: disect, divorce
  10. CAUD-
    tail
  11. CEREBR-
    brain
  12. CID-, CIS-
    to cut, to kill

    ex: genocide
  13. DORS-
    back
  14. DUC-, DUCT-
    to lead, to draw

    ex: conduct, reduce
  15. ERR-
    to wander, to deviate

    ex: erratic
  16. FLEX-, FLECT-
    to bend

    ex: flexible
  17. FUND-, FUS-
    to pour, to melt

    ex: fusion
  18. GREG-
    flock

    ex: congregate, segregate
  19. LACT-
    milk
  20. LATER-
    side
  21. MEDI-
    middle

    ex: mediate
  22. OV-
    egg
  23. PON-, POSIT-, -POSE (through French, -POUND)
    to place, to put


    ex: imposition, impound
  24. RUG-
    wrinkle
  25. SANGUI(N)-
    blood
  26. SICC-
    dry
  27. VAL-
    to be strong, to be well

    ex: valid, evaluate
  28. VARIC-
    twisted and swollen (vein)

    ex: varicose- description of blood vessels that are dilated, knotted and tortuous
  29. VERT-, VERS-
    to turn

    ex: aversion

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