Psych 32 Chap 8

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  1. Global evaluation about oneself, selfworth or self image
    Self esteem
  2. Domain specific evaluation of one's self; evaluate acadenic, athletics, appearance
    Self concept
  3. The belief that one can master a situation and produce favorable outcomes
    Self efficacy
  4. Delibrate efforts to manage one's behavior, emotions and thoughts that lead to social competence and achievement
    Self regulation
  5. the lowest level of Kohlberg's stages of moral reasoning. At this level, children interpret good and bad in terms of external rewards and punishment
    Preconventional reasoning
  6. The first stage in preconventional reasoning. At this stage, moral thinking is tied to punishment
    Heteronous morality
  7. The second stage of Level 1, preconventional reasoning. At this stage, children reason that pursuing their own interest is the right thing to do. Thus they think what is right involves an equal exchange
    Individualism, instrumental purpose, and exchange
  8. The second stage in Kohlberg's theory of moral development
    Conventional reasoning
  9. Kholberg's third stage of moral development (Level 2). At this stage, individuals value trust, caring, and loyalty to others as a basis of moral judgements
    Mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships and interpersonal conformity
  10. The fourth stage in Kohlberg's theory of moral development. At this stage, moral judgements are based on understanding the socual order, law, justice and duty
    Social systems morality
  11. The highest level in Kohlberg's theory of moral development. At this level, the individual recognizes alternative moral courses, explores the options and then decides on personal moral code
    Postconventional reasoning
  12. The third level, 5th stage in Kohlberg stage of Moral development in which individuals reason that values, rights, and priciples transcend law
    Social contract or utility and individual rights
  13. The sixth and highest stage in Kohlberg's theory of moral development. At this stage, the person has developed a moral standard based on universal human rights
    Universal ethical principles
  14. A moral perspective that views people in terms of their connectedness with others and emphasizes interpersonal communication, relationships with others, and concern for others
    Care perspective
  15. Broad catergories that reflect general impressions and beliefs about females and males
    Gender stereotypes
  16. The presence of positive masculine and feminine characteristics in the same person
  17. Frequently nominated as a best friend and are rarely disliked by their peers
    Popular children
  18. Received a median number of both positive and negative Nominatios from peers
    Average children
  19. Infrequently nominated as a best friend but are not disliked by their peers
    Neglected children
  20. Infrequently nominated as someone's best friend and are actively dusliked by their peers
    Rejected children
  21. Frequently nominated both as someone's best friend and as being disliked
    Controversial children
  22. Learning centered emphasis on the impirtance of individuals to actively construct their kniwledge and understanding with guidance from a teacher
    Constructive approach
  23. Characterized by teacher direction and control, high teacher expectations for student progress, maximum time spent by students in academic tasks, and effortd by teacher to keep negative affect to a minimum
    Direct instruction approach
  24. Increased phychological and social characteristcs in the middle and late childhood
  25. A male norm that puts abstract principles above relationships. It puts justice and the heart of morality
    Justice perspective
  26. The cognitive view that individuals develop for themselves
  27. Erickson's 4th Stage: Becoming interested in how things are made and how they work
  28. Erickson's 4 th Stage: Parents would see their children's effort of making things as "mischief" or msking a mess
  29. What percentage ofchildren whose parents divorced will gave a stepparent within 4 years of seperation
  30. What are the 3 common types of stepfamily structure?
    • 1. Stepfather
    • 2. Stepmothet
    • 3. Blended/Complex
  31. The extent to which children are liked ir disliked by their peer group
    Sociometric status
  32. 5 stepsin processing information about the social world
    • 1. Decode social cues
    • 2. Interpret
    • 3. Search for a response
    • 4. Search for an optimal response
    • 5. Enact
  33. .Verbal or Physical behavior intended to disturb someone less powerful
  34. 3 Effects of bullying
    • 1. Aggressive children may be targeted because they irritate bully
    • 2. Lonliness and difficulty making friends
    • 3. Anxious and socially withdrawn may be targeted because of they are unlikely to retaliate.
  35. What are 3 characteristics of bullys?
    • 1. Poor academic grades
    • 2. Alcohol use
    • 3. Smoke cigarettes
  36. 6 Characteristics of Bullied victims
    • 1. Sleeping problems
    • 2. Anxiety
    • 3. Dizziness
    • 4. Depression
    • 5. Headaches
    • 5. Suicide
  37. Who is Carol Gilligan and what is she known for?
    A publicized critic of Kholberg's theory who argues that his theories are gender biased.
  38. A mral perspective that views people in terms of their connectedness and emphasizes interpersonal communication
    Care Perspective (Carol Gilligan)
Card Set
Psych 32 Chap 8
Socioemotional Development in Middle and Late Childhood
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