chapter 31

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  1. What were the problems for the new nations created in the wake of the withdrawal of European imperialists?
    • -underdeveloped economies
    • -divisions between ethnic groups and religions
    • -concessions made to departing colonizers
  2. What happened in 1947, during the decolonization of India, that established a precedent throughout the Third World?
    the partition of the subcontinent as a result of ethnic and religious strife
  3. In their struggles for independence, African and Asian nationalists relied mainly on..
    peaceful mass demonstrations, economic boycotts, and constitutional maneuvers.
  4. Colonial societies with white settler populations...
    were the regions where overt violence and revolution were most likely to occur.
  5. What radical African leader helped to achieve independence in Ghana?
    Kwame Nkrumah
  6. Chiang Kai-shek was the political leader of...
  7. In 1931 Japan initiated aggression in Asia by seizing what region?
  8. State something accurate about WWII.
    • -By 1940 the German blitzkrieg had swept over Poland, Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium, and France.
    • -The United States and Britain were active in both the European and Pacific theaters of World War II.
    • -The United States entered World War II only in 1941 following the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
  9. Like its predecessor the League, the __________ had as its primary mission provision of a forum for negotiating disputes.
    United Nations
  10. The slaughter of six million Jews during World War II is known as the __________.
  11. Early German successes against the Soviet Union ended when the Nazis failed to take __________ in the winter of 1942-1943.
  12. Solid new leadership Britain under a coalition government led by __________ frustrated German hopes for a British collapse.
    Winston Churchill
  13. By the summer of 1940 most of France lay in German hands, while a semi-fascist collaborative regime based in the city of __________ ruled the remainder.
  14. German strategy in World War II focused on the __________ or lightning war.
  15. The Japanese attacked __________ on 7 December 1941 to force the United States into active participation in World War II.
    Pearl Harbor
  16. A __________ was signed by Germany, Japan, and Italy in September 1940.
    Tripartite Pact
  17. The heads of Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States met at __________ in 1944 where the Soviet government pressed the Western powers to open a new front in France.
  18. Franklin Roosevelt pressed the Russians to enter the war against Japan at the conference at __________ in the Russian Crimea in 1945.
  19. The final postwar conference occurred in __________, a Berlin suburb, in July 1945.
  20. To better support their demands for separate electorates and legislative seats, a number of Muslims founded a separate party, the __________.
    Muslim League
  21. In the __________ of 1941, Roosevelt persuaded a reluctant Churchill to include a clause that recognized the "right of all people to choose the form of government under which they live."
    Atlantic Charter
  22. Mass civil disobedience campaigns were renewed in India under the guise of the __________ movement, which began in the summer of 1942.
    Quit India
  23. The Muslim League in the 1940s was led by the dour __________.
    Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  24. Two nations were created from the Indian subcontinent, India and __________.
  25. The first decolonization movement in Africa in the years after World War II was led by __________ in the British Gold Coast colony.
    Kwame Nkrumah
  26. The head of the leading nationalist party in Kenya was __________.
    Jomo Kenyatta
  27. The Algerian struggle for independence was prolonged by a violent settler backlash, led after 1960 by the __________ directed against Berbers and Arabs.
    Secret Army Organization
  28. Not surprisingly, the continued subjugation of the black Africans became a central aim of the Boer political organizations that emerged in the 1930s and 1940s, culminating in the __________.
    Afrikaner National Party
  29. A rigid system of racial segregation in South Africa, called __________ by the Afrikaners, was established after 1948.
Card Set
chapter 31
A Second Global Conflict and the End of the European World Order
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