Embalming Lab Exam

Card Set Information

Author:
lecaly
ID:
152176
Filename:
Embalming Lab Exam
Updated:
2012-05-11 22:33:09
Tags:
Embalming Lab Exam
Folders:

Description:
Embalming Lab Exam
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user lecaly on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Acute atrial ischemia
    acute: a disease with a more or less rapid onset and short duration

    atrial: a chamber of the heart receiving blood from the veins; superior heart chamber

    ischemia: a local decrease in blood supply
  2. Anemia
    a decrease in the number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin, or both
  3. Bacteremia
    the presence of bacteria in the blood
  4. Bradycardia
    heart rate of 60 beats per minute or less
  5. Cachexia
    a state of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting of the body

    it may occur in many chronic diseases, malignancies, and infections
  6. Cardio pulmonary arrest

    Cardiorespiratory arrest
    asystole: absence of systole

    failure of the ventricles of the heart to contract (usually caused by ventricular fibrillation) with consequent absence of the heart beat leading to oxygen lack and eventually to death
  7. Cardiogenic shock
    the result of extensive myocardial infarction

    often fatal, but drugs to combat it are sometimes effective
  8. Cardiomyopathy
    Chronic disease of the heart muscle
  9. Cerebral vascular accident
    a stroke
  10. Chronic atrial fibrillation
    chronic: a disease that may begin insidiously and be long-lived

    atrial: a chamber of the heart receiving blood from the veins; superior heart chamber

    fibrillation: quivering or spontaneously uncoordinated contraction of muscle fibers, such as heart ventricles
  11. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    the term used to describe a number of conditions, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema, in which the exhange of respiratory gases is ineffective
  12. Congestive heart failure
    condition in which the pumping efficiency of the heart is depressed so that circulation is inadequate to meet tisue needs
  13. Diabetes mellitus
    a disease caused by deficient insulin release or inadequate responsiveness to insulin, leading to inability of the body cells to use carbohydrates at a normal rate
  14. Dysphagia
    difficult or painful swallowing
  15. End stage renal disease
    the complete, or almost complete failure of the kidneys to function
  16. Endocarditis
    inflammation within the heart

    inflammation of the heart valves or the lining of the heart
  17. Fungemia
    is the presence of fungi or yeasts in the blood
  18. Gastroparesis
    a condition that reduces the ability of the stomach to empty its contents, but there is no blockage (obstruction)
  19. Hepatorenal syndrome
    a condition in which there is progressive kidney failure in a person with cirrhosis of the liver
  20. Hemiparesis
    weakness on one side of the body
  21. Hypertension
    high blood pressure
  22. Hypotension
    low blood pressure
  23. Ischemic bowel
    damage to (ischemia) or death of (infarction) part of the intestine due to a decrease in its blood supply
  24. Ischemic cardiomyopathy
    a term used to describe patients whose heart can no longer pump enough blood to the rest of their body due to coronary artery disease
  25. Myocardial Infarction (“heart attack”)
    a condition characterized b dead tissue areas in the myocardium caused by interruption of blood supply to the area
  26. Pleural effusions
    excess fluid that accumulates in the pleura, the fluid-filled space that surrounds the lungs
  27. Pneumothorax
    a collection of free air in the chest outside the lung
  28. Renal failure
    inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance
  29. Thrombosis
    the forming of blood clots on blood vessel walls
  30. Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleed
    hemorrhage in the upper gastrointestinal tract
  31. A: Lab begins by reading the hospital record sheets on the clipboards noting each decedents:

    - age

    - gender

    - _______________
    cause of death
  32. C: A minimum of __ students is required in our lab to tansfer the remains from the cot to the table
    3
  33. D: All nametags and hospital wristbands must be checked with the hospital record sheets to correctly identify each decedent

    Remove only the _______ (outer/inner) most nametag from the body bag

    Unless instructed otherwise please do not remove any other nametag from the remains

    There must be at least one nametag on each decedent at all times, stop and notify your lab instructor immediately is that is not the case
    outer
  34. E: Dispose of the wrappings in the _____ (RED/BLACK) BIOHAZARD WASTE CONTAINER
    RED
  35. F: Cover the genitals using a section of _______ (paper/plastic) toweling
    paper
  36. G: Initial body washing and disinfection is called ___________ (concurrect/primary) disinfection

    Spraying the entire body with disinfectant spray is typically unnecessary
    primary
  37. H: The remains must be completely washed with disinfectant soap.

    Clean under the fingernails with a finger nail file, being careful to avoid unnecessary nail loss.

    After thoroughly rinsing the remains, body board (aka __________ _________) can be placed under the shoulders, tail bone and heel bones to elevate the body off the table.
    body bridges
  38. I: When cleaning the facial area, use __________ (winter/spring) forceps to hold cotton for swabbing and grasp any debris that may be removed.
    spring
  39. J: An aneurysm ____ (chain/hook) may be used to hold the mouth open.

    Use a hemostat or forceps to hold the cotton

    Nose and ears are also swabbed clean with Webril prep towel or cotton.
    hook
  40. Q: Do not clean the needle injector or the tape measure with _________ (water/disinfectant). They are to be wiped with a paper towel and _____________ (water/disinfectant) spray.
    water

    disinfectant
  41. List the three mouth closure methods

    1. needle injector method

    2. mandibular suture (full McKue)

    3. muscular suture (semi-McKue)
    1. needle injector method

    2. mandibular suture (full McKue)

    3. muscular suture (semi-McKue)
  42. AIDS
    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
  43. AL
    Action Level
  44. ASCHD
    arteriosclerotic cardiovascular heart disease
  45. ASHD
    Arteriosclerotic Heart Disease
  46. AV
    atrioventricular
  47. BCME
    Bischloromethyl Ether
  48. CAD
    Coronary artery disease
  49. CDCP (CDC)
    Center for Disease Control and Prevention
  50. CHF
    Congestive Heart Failure
  51. COPD
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  52. CPA
    cardio pulmonary arrest
  53. CVA
    cerebral vascular accident
  54. DM
    diabetes mellitus
  55. ECG & EKG
    Electrocardiogram
  56. EEG
    Electroencephalogram
  57. EPA
    Environmental Protection Agency
  58. ESRD
    end stage renal disease
  59. FTC
    Federal Trade Commission
  60. HBV
    Hepatitis B Virus
  61. HCHO
    Formaldehyde (chemically written)
  62. HIV
    Human Immuniodeficiency Virus
  63. HTN
    hypertension
  64. IVP
    Intravascular Pressure
  65. mCi
    milliCurie
  66. ME
    Medical Examiner
  67. MI
    Myocardial Infarction (heart attack)
  68. MRSA
    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
  69. MSDS
    Material Safety Data Sheet
  70. NIOSH
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  71. OSHA
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  72. PEL
    Permissible Exposure Limit
  73. pH
    Potential of Hydrogen
  74. PPE
    Personal Protective Equipment
  75. PPM
    Parts per Million
  76. RF
    Renal failure or Respiratory failure
  77. ROYGBIV
    acronym for red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet
  78. STEL
    Short Term Exposure Limit
  79. TWA
    Time-weighed Average
  80. Common carotid artery
    an imaginary line extending from the sternoclavicular articulation to the anterior lobe of the ear

    the artery is located along the posterior medial border of the lower third of the sternocleidomastoid muscle

    supraclavicular incision (aka anterior lateral) the transverse incision is made along the superior margin of the medial one-third of the clavicle
  81. Facial artery
    an imaginary line extending along the inferior border of the mandible just anterior to the angle of the mandible

    the artery is located along the inferior border of the mandible just anterior to the angle of the mandible

    the transverse incision is made along the anatomical guide
  82. Axillary artery
    an imaginary line extending through the center of the base of the axillary space, parallel to the long axis of the abducted upper extremity

    the artery is located posterior to the medial border of the coracobrachialis muscle

    The parallel incision is made along the anterior hairline of the axilla
  83. Brachial artery
    an imaginary line extending from the center of the base of the axillary space to the center of the forearm just below the bend of the elbow

    the artery lies posterior to the medial border of the belly of the biceps brachi muscle

    the parallel incision is made in the upper third of the arm along the linear guide in the medial bicipital groove of the humerus
  84. Brachial (ACF)
    an imaginary line extending through the center of the antecubital fossa parallel to the long axis of the upper extremity

    the artery is located medial to the tendon of the biceps brachii muscle

    the transverse incision starts from the center of the antecubital fossa and moves medially across the inner bend of the elbow
  85. Radial artery
    an imaginary line extending from the center of the antecubital fossa to the center of the base of the second digit

    the artery is located just lateral to the tendon of the flexor carpi radialis muscle and just medial to the tendon of the brachioradialis muscle

    the parallel incision is made just lateral to the tendon of the flexor carpi radialis muscle, a few inches above the wrist where the pulse is commonly taken
  86. Ulnar artery
    an imaginary line extending from the center of the antecubital fossa to a point located midway between the fourth and fifth digits

    the artery is located lateral to the tendon of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle and medial to the tendon of the flexor digitorum superfacialis muscle

    the parallel incision is made between the tendons of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle and the flexor digitorum superfacialis muscle, a few inches above the wrist
  87. Femoral artery
    an imaginary line extending from the center of the inguinal ligament to the medial margin of the condyle of the femur

    the artery courses through the center of the femoral triangle. The artery is bounded laterally by the sartorious muscle and medially by the adductor longus muscle

    the parallel incision is made along the linear guide about one-third the distance from the pubis symphysis to the anterior superior spine of the iliac crest, a few inches below the inguinal ligament
  88. Anterior tibial artery
    an imaginary line extending from the lateral border of the patella to the center of the anterior ankle joint

    the artery is located along the lateral border of the crest of the tibia

    the parallel incision is made along the linear guide lateral to the crest of the tibia in the lower third of the foreleg
  89. Posterior tibial artery
    an imaginary line extending from the center of the popliteal space to a point midway between the medial maleolus and the calcaneus bone

    the artery is located midway between the medial maleolus and the calcaneal tendon

    the parallel or transverse incision is made midway between the medial maleolus and the calcaneal tendon
  90. Dorsalis pedis artery
    an imaginary line extending from the center of the anterior ankle joint to a point midway between the first toe and the adjacent toe

    the artery is located lateral to the tendon of the extensor hallicus longus muscle

    the parallel incision is made along the superior one-third of the linear guide just lateral to the tendon of the extensor hallicus longus muscle
  91. Popliteal artery
    an imaginary line extending through the center of the popliteal space parallel to the long axis of the lower extremity

    the artery courses through the center of the popliteal space

    the parallel incision is made on the posteromedial aspect of the lower third of the thigh, just superior to the popliteal space
  92. External iliac artery
    an imaginary line extending upward from the linear guide of the femoral artery

    the artery is located along the medial border of the psoas major muscle

    except in the case of obesity, normally there is not an incision made on the surface of the skin. The artery is injected from within the addominal cavity of an autopsied body
  93. Transverse incision
    most common, cut from the center straight out to one edge of the vessel
  94. Diagonal incision
    cut from the center at an angle out to one edge of the vessel
  95. Longitudinal incision
    cut along the length of the vessel

    often used to open veins, but use care on sclerotic arteries
  96. T-incision & double T-incision
    a combination of the transverse and longitudinal incisions
  97. Triangular (wedge) incision
    two diagonal incisions

    not recommended for sclerotic arteries

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview