chapter 35

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chapter 35
2012-05-04 16:25:16

Rebirth and Revolution: Nation-building in East Asia and the Pacific Rim
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  1. Which state was initially part of a British colony?
  2. Americans introduced all of the following reforms to Japan during their occupation except
    outlawing labor unions.
  3. Kim Il-Sung was the political leader of...
    the People's Democratic Republic of Korea.
  4. Syngman Rhee was the political leader of
    the Republic of Korea.
  5. Describe the situation in Korea following the Korean War.
    Korea remained divided with relatively authoritarian governments in both halves of the divided nation.
  6. Describe the Japanese political system after World War II.
    A single moderate party, the Liberal Democrats, emerged after 1955 to monopolize the Japanese political system.
  7. Which colony remained a colony even long after World War II?
    Hong Kong
  8. "Japan, Incorporated" referred to..
    the close coordination of Japanese government and business for promotion of economic growth.
  9. Japan produced a distinctive economic culture after the 1950s that included all of the following features except...
    a strong tradition of independent unions.
  10. State something accruate concerning the states of the Pacific Rim.
    Most of the states of the Pacific Rim depended on centralized government planning with sharp limitations on dissent and instability.
  11. What state is one of the industrialized centers of the Pacific Rim?
  12. In what way was the Chinese Communist takeover of China different than the Bolshevik seizure of power in Russia?
    The Chinese Communists claimed a unified country and did not experience years of civil war and foreign intervention.
  13. China intervened in all of the following nations to reassert its dominance in the Far East except...
  14. The Great Leap Forward
    pushed industrialization through small-scale projects in the peasant communes.
  15. Jiang Qing and her allies who supported the aging Mao were...
    known as the Gang of Four.
  16. The Vietnamese dynasty that succeeded in uniting all of Vietnam under a single government in 1802 were the
  17. The late 1920s the leader of the Vietnamese Communist party was
    Nguyen Ai Quoc.
  18. What group was associated with the Communist movement in Vietnam?
    Viet Minh
  19. What happened to the Ngo Dinh Diem regime?
    It was removed by the Vietnamese military with the consent of the United States.
  20. __________, retained a large British naval base until 1971, when Britain abandoned all pretense of power in east Asia.
  21. The American occupation government, headed by General __________, worked quickly to tear down Japan's wartime political structure.
    Douglas MacArthur
  22. A 1955 merger of two moderate parties led to the new __________ Party that would monopolize Japan's government into the 1990s.
    Liberal Democratic
  23. In 1948 the United States sponsored a __________ in the south of the Korean peninsula.
    Republic of Korea
  24. The northern half of the Korean peninsula was governed by the Soviet-dominated __________ of Korea.
    People's Democratic Republic
  25. North Korea quickly became a communist state with Stalinist-type emphasis on the power of the leader, __________.
    Kim Il-Sung
  26. The South Korean regime was headed by the nationalist __________.
    Syngman Rhee
  27. President Truman orchestrated United Nations sponsorship of a largely American "__________" in support of South Korean troops.
    police action
  28. In the 1980s Britain reached an agreement with China to turn over __________ to the Chinese in 1999.
    Hong Kong
  29. __________ virtually governed Korea's southeastern coast through shipbuilding and company-supported housing and education networks.
  30. The government of Taiwan referred to itself as the __________.
    Republic of China
  31. Taiwan survived the death of Chiang Kai-shek and the accession of his son, __________, in 1978.
    Chiang Ching-kuo
  32. A single Prime Minister, __________, has held power in Singapore since independence.
    Lee Kuan Yew
  33. By 1949 Nationalists had been driven from the mainland, and Mao proclaimed the establishment of the __________.
    Peoples Republic of China
  34. Mao and his supporters introduced the __________ approach, beginning with the formation of agricultural cooperatives in 1955.
    Mass Line
  35. The programs of the __________ of 1958 represented a further effort to vitalize the flagging revolution by restoring its mass, rural base.
    Great Leap Forward
  36. By 1960 Mao had lost his leadership within the Chinese government to the "__________"horizontalZhou Enlai, Liu Shaoqui, and Deng Xiaoping.
  37. In Mao's struggles to renew revolutionary fervor in China, his wife, __________, played an increasingly prominent role.
    Jiang Qing
  38. By late 1965 Mao was convinced that his support was strong enough to launch what would turn out to be his last campaign, the __________.
    Cultural Revolution
  39. The infamous __________ student brigades publicly ridiculed and abused Mao's political rivals during the later 1960s.
    Red Guard
  40. During the 1970s Jiang Qing and her three allies, who together made up the __________, increasingly contested power on behalf of the aging Mao.
    Gang of Four
  41. In southern Vietnam, a genuine peasant rebellion, the __________, toppled the Nguyen dynasty in the late 1770s.
  42. The head of the French ecclesiastical mission in Vietnam in the eighteenth century threw his support behind the one surviving prince of the southern dynasty, __________.
    Nguyen Anh
  43. The second Vietnamese emperor, __________, prided himself on his knowledge of the Confucian classics and his mastery of the Chinese script.
    Minh Mang
  44. In the early 1920s the nationalist struggle was centered in the clandestine __________ party, or VNQDD.
    Vietnamese Nationalist
  45. The leader of the Communist Party in Vietnam was the charismatic Nguyen Ai Quoc, later known as __________.
    Ho Chi Minh
  46. During World War II the Communist-dominated nationalist movement of Vietnam, known as the __________, established liberated areas throughout the Red River delta.
    Viet Minh
  47. Under the leadership of General __________, the Viet Minh skillfully employed guerrilla tactics similar to those devised by Mao in China.
  48. In 1954 the Viet Minh decisively defeated the French at the battle of __________.
    Dien Bien Phu
  49. The search for a leader that the United States could prop with military and economic assistance led to __________.
    Ngo Dinh Diem
  50. By the mid-1950s the __________, as the southern Vietnamese regime dubbed the Communist resistance, were threatened with extermination.
    Viet Cong