Second member of Sui dynasty; murdered his father to gain throne; restored Confucian examination system; responsible for construction of Chinese canal system; assassinated in 618.
Also known as Duke of Tang; minister for Yangdi; took over empire following assassination of Yangdi; first emperor of Tang dynasty; took imperial title of Gaozu.
Capital of Tang dynasty; population of 2 million, larger than any other city in the world at that time.
Administered examinations to students from CHinese government schools or those recommended by distinguished scholars
Ministry of Rites
Title granted to students who passed themost difficult Chinese examination on all of Chinese literature; became immediate dignitaries and eligable for high office.
Emphasized salvationist aspects of Chinese Buddhism; popular among masses of Chinese society.
Pure Land Buddhism
Known as Zen in Japan; stressed meditation and appreciation of natural and artistic beauty; popular with members of elite Chinese society.
Known as Chan Buddhism in China; stressed meditation and the appreciation of natural and artistic beauty.
Tang Ruler 690-705 C.E. in China; supported Buddhist establishment; tried to elevate Buddhism to state religion; had multistory statues of Buddha created.
Chinese emperor of Tang dynasty who openly persecuted Buddhism by destroying monasteries in 840''s; reduced influence of Chinese BUddhism in favor of Confucian ideology.
Leading Chinese emperor of the Tang dynasty who reigned from 713 to 755 though he encouraged overexpansion.
Royal Concubine during the reign of Xuanzong; introduction of relatives into royal administration led to revolt.
Founder of Song dunasty; originally a general following fall of Tang; took title of taizu; failed to overcome northern Liao dynasty that remained independent.
Founded in 907 by nomadic Khitan peoples from Manchuria; maintained independence from Song dynasty in China.
Nomadic peoples of Manchuria; militaaril superior to Song dynasty China but influenced by Chinese culture; forced humiliating treaties on Song China in 11th century.
Most prominent of neo-Confucian schollars during the Song dynasty in CHina; stressed importnace of applying philosophical principles to everyday life and action.
Revived ancient Confucian teachings in Song era China; great impact on the dynasties that followed; their emphasis on tradition and hostility to foreign systems made Chinese rulers and bureaucrats less receptive to outside ideas and influences.
Rulers of Xi Xia kingdom northwest China; one of regional kingdoms during period of southern Song; conquered by Mongols in 1226.
Kingdom of Tangut people, north of Son kindom in mid-11th century; collected tribute that drained Song resources and burdened Chinese peasantry.
Confucian scholar and chief minister of a Song emperor in 1070's; introduced sweeping reforms based on Legalists; advocated greater state intervention in society.
Founders of the Jin kingdome that succeeded the Liao in northen China; annexed most of the Yellor River basin and forced Sonf to flee to the south.
Kindom north of the Song Empire; established by Jurchens in 1115 after overthrowing Liao dynasty; ended in 1234.
Rumpstate of Song dynasty from 1127 to 1279; carved out of much largewr domains ruled by the Tand and northern Song; culturally one of the most glorious reigns in Chinese history.
Built in 7th century during reign of Yagndi during Sui dynasty; designed to link the original centers of Chinese civilizatoin on the north China plain with the Yangtze river basin to the south; nearly 1200miles long.
Chinese ships euqupped with water tight bulkheads, sternpost rudders, compasses, and baboo fenders; dominant force in Asian seas east of the Malayn peninsula.
Chinese credit strument that provided credit vouchers to merchants to be redeemed at the end of the voyage; reduced danger of robbery; early from of currency.
Prcatice in Chinese society to mutilate women's feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women's movement' made it easier to confine women to the household.
Most famous poet of the Tang era; blended images of the mundane world with phhilosophical musings.