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- Any type of behavior that is not learned.
- It exists at the moment of birth.
- Examples are fixed-action patterens and imprinting.
- Behaviors that are triggered by certain stimuli.
- They are instinctive behaviors.
- Ex: A baby duck swimming without needing to learn how.
- The recognition of something as "mother".
- This is an instinctive behavior.
- Ex: whatever the first moving object a gosling sees is, it will follow it around and treat it as its mother.
- Behaviors that require interactoin with the environment or with other organisms in order to occur.
- Habituation and conditioning are examples.
- When a non-harmful stimulus is repeated until the organism learns to ignore it.
- Ex: a dog being poked in the back with a stick reapetedly, eventually it will ignore the stick.
- A type of learning where a stimulus is associated with a behavior.
- Sometimes called associative learning.
- A stimulus occurs on the outside and something happens because of it.
- The organism associates the two.
- Ex. Tapping on the glass of a fish tank every time you feed the fish.
- Learning that occurs because of a reqard and punishment system.
- Ex. If a rat presses a button, they receive food.
- The ability to approach new situations and figure out how to deal with them.
- Another word for insight is reasoning.
- Turning behaviors in response to a particular stimuli.
- Occurs in plants.
A plant goes toward the light source by bending toward it.
The roots of a plant grow downwards with gravity.
Plant stems and leaves grow upward away from the earth.
Another word for Gravitropism
Plant hormones that control tropism behavior.
When a biological clock makes an organism do something on a daily basis at a set time.
A pheromone is released by one member of a species, and it affects the behavior of the other members of the species in a predictable way.
Oganisms of differen species coexisting closely.
- Both organisms in this relationship benefit from it.
- Ex. Humans and E. Coli.
- One organism benefits from the relationship while the other is harmed.
- Ex. Humans and tapeworms.
- One organism benefits and the other is uneffected.
- Ex. Buffalo and egrets.