How have Nicaraguans entered the US? Define refugee and asylee. What is the role of the Sandinistas and Contras in this emigration? Know the composition of Columbians in the U.S.
Nicaraguans have entered the U.S. as immigrants, refugees, asylees, and undocumented aliens. A refugee is an alien outside the United States who is unable or unwilling to return to his or her country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution. An asylee is identical to a refugee, except for being physically in the U.S. or at a port of entry when requesting refuge. Sandinistas came to power in Nicaragua and the Contras under took guerrilla war against the new government. More than 46,000 Middle Class refugees entered the U.S. between 1980 and 1990. Simultaneously, another 79,000 Nicaraguans streamed into Texas, filing asylum applications. With no previous educational experience, most of the 13 to 15 year old were illiterate and had to be taught the basics of reading and arithmetic. 3,000 immigrants anually stream into the U.S. but more than 230,000 now claim Nicaraguan ancestry.